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Containing the Approval of the Union of the Church in America 

Biocese of Connecticut 


Records of Convocation 

A.D. 1790— A. D. 1848 







Printed for the Convention 



With the printing of these "Records" the documentary 
history of the Diocese is made more complete. Some acts of the 
earlier Conventions seem obscure until explained by the discus- 
sions and conclusions of the Bishop and clergy in Convocation. 

While the "Records' have been recognized as of great 
historic value by all Connecticut Churchmen, and especially by 
those who have carefully studied "the spotless history," as 
Bishop Williams styled it, of this the mother diocese of the 
American Church, there has been but one previous proposal to 
publish them. 

This was in 1851, when the lovable and erudite Rev. Dr. 
Alonzo B. Chapin, editor of The Calendar, contemplated issuing 
them with some historical notes after publishing extracts in the 
columns of The Calendar; and for this purpose had a copy 
made which apparently has disappeared. 

The historian of the Church in Connecticut, the revered and 
learned Dr. Eben Edwards Beardsley, consulted them while 
preparing his "History" and incorporated some extracts into 
his text. He also used them freely in his "Life" of our first 
Bishop, Dr. Samuel Seabury. 

At the annual meeting of the permanent Commission upon 
Parochial Archives held on April 10, 1899, it was resolved that 
the Convention "have the existing Records of the Convocations 
of the clergy carefully printed with notes for preservation." 

No measures were then taken to bring the subject before the 

The consideration of the "Records" was resumed at the 
annual meeting of the Commission on May 13, 1902. The 
former resolution was unanimously reaffirmed and a member 
of the Commission appointed to present it to the Convention. 

At the Convention of the Diocese held in Trinity Church, 
Hartford, on June 10, 1902, the present publication was unani- 
mously authorized. 

— 4— 

The Commission subsequently appointed the Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Hart, Registrar of the Diocese, and the Rev. Joseph Hooper, 
a committee to superintend its annotation and publication. 

The desire of the Committee to verify every detail of both 
the text and the notes has made an earlier publication imprac- 

The Committee has in all matters connected with the pub- 
lication acted as a unit. 

Dr. Hart kindly undertook the comparison of the transcript 
with the original and read the proof of the text also with the 
original. Mr. Hooper is responsible for the "Introduction," 
which is intended to give such information as is available con- 
cerning the "Voluntary Conventions" and earlier Convocations 
in Connecticut. He has also compiled such "Notes" as seemed 
necessary. He gratefully acknowledges his indebtedness to his 
colleague's profound knowledge of our history. 

The "Records" are printed exactly as found in the original 
minute books with these exceptions : the years are inserted in 
bold-faced type and a few emendations necessary to complete 
the sense have been made. They are enclosed in square brackets. 

J. H. 

June, 1904. 


It was the custom of the clergy of the Church of England in 
the Colony of Connecticut to meet from time to time in "volun- 
tary convention." 

At these meetings matters of common interest were discussed, 
and often protests were made and measures taken to maintain 
the rights of oppressed Churchmen in some of the towns. 

Although a yearly gathering of the clergy in each colony or 
province, or if there were very few in any colony the clergy 
of two or more colonies, was favored by the venerable Propa- 
gation Society, the Conventions were held at irregular intervals 
until the middle of the eighteenth century. Each meeting in 
New England generally, and in Connecticut especially, had the 
warrant of some special need of their various cures or the pres- 
ence of some danger or menace to the Church of which they 
were ministers. 

The same irregularity is noticed in the Conventions in the 
other North American colonies and provinces until after 1750. 
At that time the agitation for an American Episcopate became 
more active, and appeals and plans for its successful accom- 
plishment were frequently sent to the venerable Society, "his 
Grace of Canterbury" or "my Lord of London." 

An organized opposition to this design, and the union against 
it of all those dissenting from the Church of England, caused 
the clergy of the more northern colonies to meet more frequently 
until the Revolution. 

We know certainly from letters of missionaries, notices in 
the newspapers, and the formal documents sent "home" to the 
venerable Society or the Bishop of London, that seventeen Con- 
ventions were held in Connecticut from 1739 to 1776. 

Probably there were other meetings more purely social in their 
character of which no record was made. 

The first recorded Convention is that held at "Fairfield in New 
England" on March 20, 1739. It was attended by seven clergy- 
men, the six then laboring in Connecticut and the Rector of 
Christ Church, Rye, New York, who ministered to the Connecti- 

cut Churchmen on the border of New York at Horse Neck (now 
Greenwich), and Stamford. 1 From the "representation" sent 
to the venerable Society the meeting was occasioned by the 
aggressions of the "Standing Order" upon Churchmen. Taxes 
for the support of the ministry were levied in every town. These 
taxes were to be the provision for the salary of the ministers 
of the "Standing Order," that is, those who subscribed and 
conformed to the Saybrook Platform of 1708. All "sober dis- 
senters," including Churchmen, who were certified to belong to 
other religious bodies could have their ministerial taxes paid to 
their respective pastors. In practice very few towns were 
willing to divert any portion of their tax from the local pastor 
without a formal suit and mandamus. The particular case of 
aggression in 1739 was that of the Churchmen in Horse Neck 
and Stamford, where the collectors refused to pay their pro- 
portion of the tax to Mr. Wetmore. This treatment of a just 
claim demanded redress. 

The Convention also mentioned the indignity offered to the 
Rev. Mr. Arnold of West Haven and his servants, who were 
forcibly ejected by a mob of about one hundred and fifty people 
from the "Gregson Glebe" in New Haven, of which he was 
taking possession by ploughing. 

This plot had been deeded to the Rev. Jonathan Arnold 
by Mr. William Gregson of London in trust for the Church 
of England in New Haven. The actual title was obscure and 
disputed. 2 

1 The Rev. Samuel Johnson, of Stratford ; 

John Beach, of Newtown ; 

Samuel Seabury, of New London ; 

Jonathan Arnold, of West Haven ; 

Ebenezer Punderson, of North Groton ; 

Henry Caner, of Fairfield ; 

James Wetmore, of Rye, New York. 
s The " Representation" is on pp. 166-169 of Documentary History of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. I. Con- 
necticut. Francis L. Hawks, D.D.,LL.D., William Stevens Perry, A.M., 
Editors. Vol. I. New York, James Pott, 1863. Usually quoted as " Con- 
necticut Church Documents." For the "Gregson Glebe," see pp. 114, 
115, 168, 170, 171, 224, 227 of The History of the Episcopal Church in Con- 
necticut, from the Settlement of the Colony to the death of Bishop Seabury. By 
E. E. Beardsley, D.D. Vol. I. Third edition. New York, Hurd and 
Houghton, 1874. Also pp. 19, 20, 22, The Beginning of the Episcopal 
Church in New Haven. By Edwin Harwood, D.D. 1894. 

— 7— 

The second Convention was held at New London on May 4, 
1740. It was attended by representatives of the clergy through- 
out New England. An extract from its proceedings relating to 
the establishment of a parish at "Hopkinston," probably the 
town in Massachusetts, is the only item concerning its delibera- 
tions available. 1 At Hopkinston, Mass., the Rev. Commissary 
Price of King's Chapel, Boston, afterward built and endowed 
with a glebe a commodious church. 2 

On August 24, 1742, the clergy of Connecticut met at Fair- 
field. Their special object was to ask the Bishop of London 
to appoint a Commissary for Connecticut. The Rector of 
Stratford, the Rev. Samuel Johnson, was nominated to Dr. 
Edmund Gibson, their diocesan, as the most suitable person. 
The chief reason for such an appointment was : "our distances 
from the Commissary at Boston is such as makes it impracticable 
for us to attend upon the yearly Convention, and, consequently 
to receive the benefits of that appointment." 3 

The research of Mr. George E. Hoadley has enriched the 
archives of the Diocese with these particulars of several Con- 
ventions from the files of The Connecticut Conrant. As the 
files are not complete it is probable that other sessions were 
mentioned in the Courant. 

[Courant, Monday, June 10, 1765.] 

Hebron, June 6th, 1765. 

Yesterday being the Wednesday after Trinity Sunday, there 
was in this town a convention of the Clergy of the Church 
of England, belonging to Conn. The Rev. Mr. Learning of 
Norwalk preached an ingenious and pathetic Sermon on 1st Cor. 
IV 1 to great satisfaction. The Rev. Mr. Hubbard of Guilford 
read prayers with much approbation. The Convention for the 
year 1766 is appointed to be held at New Milford, when the 
Rev'd Mr. Mansfield of Derby is nominated to preach. 

1 p. 170, Connecticut Church Documents, I. 

8 p. 73, Annals of the American Pulpit, V. Wm. B. Sprague, D.D. New- 
York, Robert Carter and Brother, 1861. 

s pp. 181, 182, Connecticut Church Documents, I. pp. 135, 136, Dr. 
Beardsley's "History," I. 

[Courant, June 2, 1766.] 

Wallingford, May 29, 1766. 

Yesterday in this town was a meeting of the Clergy of Conn, 
when a very rational sermon was preached by the Rev. Mr. 
Mansfield of Darby. Prayers were read by the Rev. Mr. 
Learning of Norwalk. 

[Courant, June 29, 1767.] 

Turkey Hills in Simsbury, June 18, 1767. 

Yesterday was held in this place the annual Convention of the 
Church Clergy in Connecticut, before whom a sermon was 
preached by the Rev'd Mr. Newton of Ripton in Stratford. 
Prayers were read by the Rev'd Mr. Jarvis of Middletown. 

[Courant, June 5, 1769.] 

On Wednesday the 24th last, was a full convention of the 
Church Clergy at New Milford, at which two sermons were 
preached by the Rev. Mess. Scovil and Kneeland respectively. 

[Courant, Tuesday, May 28, 1771.] 

On Wednesday last there was a Convention of the Church 
Clergy of this Colony at Norwich. The Service of the Church 
was read by Mr. Bostwick of Great Barrington, and a Sermon 
preached by Mr. Andrews of Wallingford. 

[Courant, Tuesday, June 30, 1772.] 

Wednesday of last week was the annual Convention of the 
Church of England Clergy, when more than twenty Gentlemen 
of that Character met at Fairfield, to whom a Sermon was 
preached by the Rev. Mr. Viets of Simsbury. 

An interesting Convention was held on July 23, 1776, at the 
house of the Rev. Bela Hubbard in New Haven. The Church 
of England clergy in the colony were firm loyalists with scarcely 
an exception. When arms were taken up against the King their 
consciences would not allow them at the bidding of the patriots 
to omit the prayers for the King and Royal Family in public 
worship. Threats and imprisonment did not frighten them or 
cause them to decline "mutilating" the Prayer Book. They 
could not break their oath of allegiance taken at their solemn 

ordination, they were reluctant to close their churches provided 
they could keep them open with comparative safety to them- 
selves and their parishioners. After much deliberation they 
devised a form of service which dispensed with the use of the 
Book of Common Prayer, and which the Convention authorized 
for use. "It was voted, that the following mode of public wor- 
ship should be carried out in their respective churches. I st 
singing. 2 <Uy a chapter out of the Old Testament. 3 rdly Psalms 
of the Day out of the Old Testament. 4 tWy some commentary. 
5 tUy a Psalm. 6 tMy a Sermon. And lastly, Part of the 6 th 
Chap'r of St Math'w, ending with the Lord's Prayer, all kneel- 
ing. The Blessing." 1 It was not practicable in every place 
to maintain the accustomed services. Mr. Hubbard at New 
Haven, Mr. Jarvis at Middletown, Mr. Tyler at Norwich, John 
Beach at Newtown and Redding Ridge, Richard Mansfield at 
Derby and Gideon Bostwick in his extensive mission at Great 
Barrington and the surrounding country in Massachusetts, New 
York and Vermont, appear to be those who were able without 
serious disturbance to go about their clerical work and keep open 
their churches during the Revolution. 

In the closing days of the war, the clergy that remained in 
Connecticut gathered at Middletown and were welcomed by the 
hospitable rector, the Rev. Abraham Jarvis. In old Christ 
Church, near the present South Green, they met in Convention 
on May 29, 1782. Our only knowledge of this session is from 
the manuscript of the sermon preached before it by the Rev. 
Gideon Bostwick of Great Barrington, Mass. 2 

As even then it was known that the United States would be 
acknowledged as an independent power by Great Britain, it is 
possible that these stanch adherents of the Episcopal form of 
Church government discussed at this session the measures neces- 
sary to introduce into the independent State of Connecticut "a 
pure, valid and free Episcopacy." While contemporary docu- 

1 Ms. from the Rev. Dr. Slafter, Registrar of the Diocese of Massa- 
chusetts, extracted from the papers of the Rev. Wm. Clarke, Rector of St. 
Paul's Church, Dedham, Mass. ; in the Archives of the Diocese of Con- 

2 This is in possession of the writer. It is in a volume of manuscript 
sermons collected by the Rev. Dr. Daniel Burhans. The text is : "Take 
heed unto thy self and thy doctrine. Continue in them, for in doing this 
thou shalt both save thy self and them that hear thee." 1 S. Timothy, iv, 16. 

ments concerning the preliminaries to the momentous Conven- 
tion held at the Glebe House in Woodbury on the feast of the 
Annunciation, 1783, are very few, it is certain that the plan of 
completing the organization of the Church by the election and 
consecration of a Bishop was known and discussed by the 
clergy and leading laymen long before ten out of the fourteen 
clergymen then connected with Connecticut journeyed over the 
bad roads of springtime to that town among the Litchfield hills 
where the courtly John Rutgers Marshall was rector, and there 
made choice of our first Bishop. 

The letters of the Rev. Daniel Fogg of Pomfret, written in 
the summer of 1783 to his friend, the Rev. Samuel Parker of 
Trinity Church, Boston, and the official documents prepared by 
the ready pen of the Rev. Abraham Jarvis, the Secretary of the 
Convention, are all that give us any information in writing of 
the proceedings. Tradition is also quite silent and we know 
the Convention at Woodbury only by its important conse- 
quences. 1 

When Dr. Seabury soon after his arrival in England applied 
to the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Archbishop of York 
for consecration he was met by three objections : that they had 
no right to send a Bishop into Connecticut without the consent 
of the State; that the Bishop would not be received in Con- 
necticut ; that no provision had been made for the support of a 
Bishop. The Bishop-elect communicated these objections to 
the Clergy of Connecticut in a letter dated August 10, 1783, 
and more fully to the Rev. Mr. Learning on September 3, 1783. 

Acting upon his suggestion, the clergy were summoned to 

meet at Wallingford to consider the best method of meeting 

these objections. The date of the Convention is given by Dr. 

Beardsley as January 13, 1784. The Rev. Mr. Learning, the 

1 The best accounts of the Woodbury Convention will be found in these 
authorities: The Seabury Centenary, 1883-1885. Edited by the Rev. Sam- 
uel Hart. New York, James Pott & Co., 1885. pp. 3-10, The Service at 
Woodbury March 27, 1883. pp. 11-29, Men for the Times. Bp. Williams' 
Convention Sermon, June 12, 1883. The Election of Bishop Seabury. A 
sermon by the Rev. Samuel Hart, preached in Christ Church, Hartford, 
April 1, 1883. The Election in order to Consecration of the first Bishop of 
Connecticut. A Discourse delivered in the Church of the Annunciation, 
New York City, Annunciation Day, 1883, by the Rev. Prof. Wm. Jones 
Seabury, D.D. See also Note, p. 26, Bishop Seabury and Connecticut 
Churchmanship. Dr. Hart's Convention sermon, June 9, 1896. 

— II — 

Rev. Mr. Hubbard and the Rev. Mr. Jarvis were chosen a com- 
mittee "to collect the opinions of the leading members of the 
Assembly concerning an application by the clergy of the 
Episcopal Church in Connecticut for the legal protection of a 
Bishop for said Church when they shall be able to procure one 
agreeable to the Common rights of Christians, as those rights 
are now claimed and understood by all denominations of 
Christians in the State." The result of their inquiry was 
transmitted to Dr. Seabury in a letter from Middletown, dated 
February 5, 1784. 1 

At length the good deed of the Catholic remainder of the 
Church in Scotland was known in this country and gratefully 
acknowledged by all true Churchmen. 

Bishop Seabury was as anxious to meet the clergy as they 
were to greet their Bishop. 

On June 29, 1785, two days after Bishop Seabury's arrival at 
New London, which was to be his future home, he wrote to the 
Rev. Mr. Jarvis of Middletown, concerning "the time and place 
of the clergy's meeting." It was finally arranged to be in Mid- 
dletown early in August. 

In that pleasant city, in the quaint building known as Christ 
Church, the clergy met in Convention on Tuesday, August 2, 
1785, under the presidency of Dr. Learning with the Rev. Mr. 
Jarvis as Secretary. Eleven were in attendance. The Con- 
vention also welcomed the Rev. Benjamin Moore of Trinity 
Church, New York City, who came to salute his old friend the 
Bishop of Connecticut, and to note the manner in which the 
Bishop and clergy dealt with the problem of changes in the 
Prayer Book to conform to American independence. He had 
no representative character since many in New York and to 
"the southward" thought with Dr. Samuel Provoost, Rector of 
Trinity Church, New York City, that Dr. Seabury's consecration 
was illegal and schismatical. 

The Rev. Samuel Parker, Rector of Trinity Church, Boston, 
came at the request of his brethren of the clergy to convey to the 

x Dr. Beardsley's ''Life of Bishop Seabury'" gives Dr. Seabury's letters 
and an account of the Convention. He does not mention any authority for 
the transactions of the Convention; see pp. 108, 109, no, 112. An undated 
draught of the reply of the Committee will be found on pp. 158-160 of 
The Churchman' s Magazine, volume III, No. 4, April, 1806. 

— 12 — 

Bishop the respectful congratulations of the clergy of Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island, and to observe carefully the pro- 
ceedings for the use of his brethren when a Convention should 
be summoned to meet in Boston. 

On the following day the Bishop was formally received, 
greeted and accepted as their Bishop, by the clergy; and the 
first four deacons of the American Church were ordained. On 
Thursday, the first Episcopal charge was delivered. 1 

At the conclusion of the ordination service "the Bishop dis- 
solved the Convention and directed the clergy to meet him at 
five o'clock in Convocation." 2 

This is the first time the term is applied to a meeting of the 
clergy in Connecticut. The learned Dr. Jarvis, a son of the 
second Bishop, says : "What had before been only a voluntary 
Convention was now resolved into a Convocation ; a term which 
implies being convoked by Episcopal authority." 3 

In England the term is used to indicate "an assembly of the 
spirituality of the realm of England which is summoned by the 
Metropolitan Archbishop of Canterbury and of York respec- 
tively within their ecclesiastical provinces, pursuant to a royal 
writ, whenever the Parliament of the realm is summoned, and 
which is also continued or discharged as the case may be when- 
ever the Parliament is prorogued or dissolved." 4 

1 See The Address of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut to the Right 
Reverend Bishop Seabury, with the Bishop's Answer and a Sermon before 
the Convention at Middletown, August 3, 1785, by the Rev. Jeremiah 
Learning, A.M., Rector of Christ's Church, Stratford. Also, Bishop Sea- 
bury's first Charge to the Clergy of his Diocese, delivered at Middletown, 
August 4, 1785. New Haven, printed by Thomas and Samuel Green. 
Also, Seabury Centenary, pp. 1 13-142, Services at Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, August 3, 1885. 

2 pp. 213, 214, Life and Correspondence of the Right Reverend Samuel 
Seabury, D.D., by E. E. Beardsley, D.D. Boston, Houghton, Mifflin & 
Co., 1881. This sentence is quoted from a " Life of Bishop Jarvis," in The 
Evergreen III, pp. 98 et seq., written by his son the Rev. Samuel Farmar 
Jarvis, D.D., and evidently from the minutes of the Convention. These 
minutes seem to have entirely disappeared. 

3 p. 24, A Voice from Connecticut ; occasioned by the late Pastoral Letter 
of the Bishop of North Carolina to the Clergy and Laity of his Diocese. By 
the Rev. Samuel Farmar Jarvis, D.D., LL.D., with the approbation of the 
Bishop of Connecticut. Hartford, A. C. Goodman & Co., MDCCCXLIX. 

4 p. 325, The Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. VI, ninth edition, 1878. 
From the article on " Convocation," by Sir Travers Twiss, Q.C. 


It is divided into two Houses. In the Upper House the Bish- 
ops of the province sit under the presidency of the Archbishop. 
In the Lower House the Deans of the Cathedrals, proctors for 
the Cathedral chapters and proctors for the Clergy sit under the 
presidency of a prolocutor chosen from among the clergy and 
approved by the Archbishop. 

Anciently Convocation had in all spiritual matters the same 
power as the Parliament in civil matters. In 171 7 its legislative 
and consultative functions were suppressed and it met only pro 
forma until 1853, when its consultative function was resumed, 
and in 1861 its deliberative function was again exercised and 
has continued to be since. 

The exact powers that Bishop Seabury intended the Convo- 
cation of Connecticut to exercise must be ascertained from the 
scanty material available concerning the early meetings and 
its course when most active from 1790 to 1820. 

From a survey of its work we can formulate this definition 
of the term as applied to the assembly of the clergy of Con- 
necticut : The Convocation is the body of the clergy of a Diocese 
called together by its Bishop to consult upon the spiritual inter- 
ests of the Diocese, to determine and act upon all matters con- 
cerning the welfare and edification of the Diocese, and to advise 
the Bishop in regard to such cases of discipline as he may see 
fit to lay before it. After the organization of the Convention of 
clergy and lay delegates in 1792, the Convocation ceased to 
consider and act upon affairs concerning the temporal interests 
of the Diocese, while it still occasionally, if requested, advised 
upon them. 

When the Convocation of Connecticut held its primary session 
on Wednesday, August 3, 1785, it gave honorary seats, as the 
Convention had done, to Mr. Moore and Mr. Parker. With the 
Bishop in the chair, it applied itself to the consideration of the 
changes necessary in the English Prayer Book. 

Whether any formal scheme of alterations was presented by 
any member is not known. The subject had been widely dis- 
cussed; much had been said about the grand opportunity to 
make a new Book free from superstition, free from ambiguity, 
and attractive to those who were beginning to be doubtful of our 
Blessed Lord's divinity. Neither the clergy nor the laity of 


Connecticut sympathized with such views. They knew the 
Prayer Book and its teaching and were unwilling to do more 
than revise the State Prayers, strike out all allusions to the King 
and Royal Family, and possibly substitute modern for some 
archaic expressions. 

On Thursday, August 4th, a service was held at eleven o'clock. 
The Rev. Mr. Parker read prayers and the Rev. Mr. Moore 
preached a sermon. After this the Bishop delivered his primary 
charge to the clergy. 

The Convocation resumed its session and continued its delib- 
erations until Friday, when it adjourned to meet at New Haven 
in September, "after appointing Mr. Bowden, Mr. Parker and 
Mr. Jarvis as a committee to consider of, and make with the 
Bishop, some alterations in the Liturgy needful for the present 
use of the Church." 

The committee continued to sit for two days in Middletown 
to perfect the changes then deemed most important. 

They were announced to the Diocese by the Bishop in a pas- 
toral letter dated New London, August 12, 1785, in which he 
enjoined the clergy "to make the following alterations in the 
Liturgy and offices of our Church." He comprised them under 
eight heads. All the changes were in connection with the State 
prayers and mention of the King, Royal Family and British 
government. 1 

The other alterations proposed at Middletown and approved 
by the committee it was thought best to leave for consideration 
at New Haven. 

In the meantime Mr. Parker had returned home and at the 
Convention held in Boston on September 7 and 8, which was 
attended by clergymen and lay deputies from Massachusetts, 
New Hampshire and Rhode Island, made his report of the pro- 
ceedings at Middletown and laid before the Convention the 
alterations which the committee had adopted. From the 
minutes of this Convention we learn that in addition to the State 
prayers it was proposed to abolish the services for November 
5, January 30, May 29, and October 25 ; a phrase in the Te Deum 

1 A copy of the original broadside is in the Archives of the Diocese. It is 
printed on pp. 29, 30, Bishop Seabury's Communion Office. Reprinted in 
facsimile, with an Historical Sketch and Notes, by the Rev. Samuel Hart, 
M.A. New York, T. Whittaker, 1883. 


was to be altered ; the words "He descended into Hell" to be 
omitted in the Apostles' Creed ; the Creed of St. Athanasius to 
be omitted ; the use of the Nicene Creed left optional ; the minor 
Litany to be disused ; the Lord's Prayer at the commencement 
of the Communion Office to be omitted, there were also several 
slight alterations proposed in other portions of that office. 

In the rubrics in the office for Infant Baptism a change was 
proposed by which parents were to be admitted as sponsors 
for their children, the sign of the Cross might be omitted, and 
several changes were suggested in phraseology; the Committal 
in the Burial of the Dead was to be modified ; the office for 
the Churching of Women, with the exception of the Introduc- 
tion and Collect, to be disused ; the Absolution in the office of 
the Visitation of the Sick expunged. 

The changes suggested in the Marriage Service were in the 
Address, the troth pledge, and the ceremony of the ring. 

The use of the Collect for the Day more than once in the 
Morning Service was to be left to the discretion of the minister. 1 

The proper place for the reading of the "Ante-Communion/* 
whether "in the reading desk or in the altar," was also to be 
discretionary with the minister. 

Slight as many of the proposed alterations were, it is evident 
that the Boston Convention did not merely register and approve 
the conclusions of the Committee of the Connecticut Con- 

Many laymen in Massachusetts were desirous that the Prayer 
Book should be so revised as to make it acceptable to the great 
body of Evangelical Christians. 2 Laymen were in the majority 
in the Boston Convention and their views prevailed. 

It is known the review of the Prayer Book undertaken by 
Bishop Seabury and his clergy at Middletown was entered upon 

1 The English Prayer Book still enjoins its use as the first of the three 
Collects in Morning Prayer. 

2 See the "Instructions" given by Messrs. John Tracy and Dudley 
Atkins, Wardens of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport, to the Hon. Tristram 
Dalton, lay deputy from that parish to the Boston Convention, on pp. 243- 
248 of Life and Times of Edward Bass, First Bishop of Massachusetts, 
by Daniel Dulany Addison. Boston and New York : Houghton, Mifflin & 
Company, 1897. 

— 16— 

at the suggestion of Mr. Parker. 1 In announcing to Bishop 
Seabury the action of the Boston Convention and forwarding a 
copy of the alterations, he says : "You will see upon perusal of 
them that those proposed at Middletown are mostly adopted and 
some few others proposed. The only material ones that we have 
not agreed to are omitting the second Lesson in the Morning 
Service and the Gospel and Exhortation in the Baptismal Office. 
The additional alterations in some of the offices are such as 
were mentioned at Middletown but which we had not time to 
enter upon then." 2 Before the time for the meeting of the Con- 
vocation at New Haven there had been many expressions of 
opinion by the Churchmen of Connecticut opposing any other 
change in the Book of Common Prayer than that made necessary 
by the transfer of civil authority. 

The Convocation met in Trinity Church, New Haven, on 
Wednesday, September 14, 1785, under the presidency of Bishop 
Seabury with the Rev. Mr. Jarvis as secretary. The report of 
the Committee upon alterations was presented and action 
deferred. "The Church people in Connecticut were much 
alarmed at the thought of any considerable alterations being 
made in the Prayer Book ; and, upon the whole, it was judged 
best that no alterations should be attempted at present, but to 
wait till a little time shall have cooled down the temper and con- 
ciliated the affections of people to each other." 3 

The Convocation duly considered the affectionate and frater- 
nal letter of the consecrators of Dr. Seabury "To the Episcopal 
Clergy in Connecticut in North America." 4 The secretary was 
requested to answer it in behalf of his brethren, expressing the 
gratitude they felt toward the Church in Scotland and the desire 
they had always to maintain a friendly and brotherly intercourse 

1 " It was at my Request that the Bishop with his Clergy agreed to make 
some alterations in the Liturgy and Offices of the Church and a Com'tee 
from the body of the Clergy was Chosen to attend him for that purpose." — 
The Rev. Samuel Parker to the Rev. William White. Boston, Septem r . 
14, 1785. p. 90, Bp. Perry's Historical Notes and Documents, being volume 
three of Journal of General Convention, 1785-1835. Also: p. 286, Connec- 
ticut Church Docu?nents, II. 

2 pp. 284, 285, Connecticut Church Doctiments, II. The Rev. Samuel 
Parker to the Rev. Samuel Seabury. " Boston, September 12, 1785." 

3 Bishop Seabury to the Rev. Samuel Parker. " Wallingford, Nov. 28, 
1785." p. 287, Connecticut Church Documents, II. 

4 The original engrossed on vellum is in the Archives of the Diocese. 
The text is given on pp. 153-156, Dr. Beardsley's " Bishop Seabury." 


with it. Mr. Jarvis wrote a letter to the Scottish Bishops in 
the polished English of which he was master which was grace- 
ful, grateful, and courteous. It is dated at "New Haven in Con- 
necticut, September 16, 1785," and signed "Abraham Jarvis, 
secretary to the Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy in Con- 
necticut." 1 

During the session of the Convocation three candidates from 
other states were made deacons 2 and three deacons ordained 
priests 3 in Trinity Church, New Haven on Friday, Septem- 
ber 16. 

The Rev. Dr. Ezra Stiles, President of Yale College, in his 
"Literary Diary" alludes to the Convocation under date of 
September 15, 1785. "Four important Transactions in this City 
this Week : the Commencement, a meeting of the Consociation 
of the C° of New Haven in order to divide themselves into two 
Consociations, the Ordin a of Mr. Holmes — & lastly a meet g of 
the few Episc Clergy with Dr. Seabury their Bp. for Ordin a of 
Deacons and Presbyters accord g to the Chh of Engl d . The Con- 
sociation concluded not to divide: they held their Meet g in the 
Coll. Chapel the day of ordination there. The day follow 5 viz. 
friday 16 th Sept. the Ordinations were pformed at Chh. of Engl d 
by the Imposition of hands of Bp. Seab y , Mr. Learning & Mr. 
Mansfield." 4 

There is no contemporary or other notice of a meeting of the 
Convocation until September 22, 1786, when the clergy attended 
the Bishop at Derby. The Bishop now seriously considered the 
subject of the Communion Office of the Church in Scotland as 
the "Concordate" and his personal pledges to the Bishops of 
that Church required. In the unsettled state of the Church in 
America to the "southward," Dr. Seabury as the Bishop of a free 

1 A copy of the letter is on pp. 239, 240 of Dr. Beardsley's "Bishop 

2 Samuel Spraggs, of Mount Holly, New Jersey. 
Samuel Roe, of Burlington, New Jersey. 
Samuel Armor, of Queen Anne, Maryland. 

3 The Rev. Henry Van Dyke, of West Haven, Connecticut. 
The Rev. Philo Shelton, of Fairfield, Connecticut. 

The Rev. Thomas Fitch Oliver, of Providence, Rhode Island. 

4 pp. 188, 189, III, The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, D.D., LL.D., 
President of Yale College, edited under the authority of the Corporation 
of Yale University, by Franklin Bowditch Dexter, M.A. Three volumes. 
New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 1901. 

— 18— 

church in a free state thought he could exercise his right as a 
Bishop of the Catholic Church and set forth such services as 
might be necessary or expedient. After much deliberation he 
drew up "The Communion Office," based upon the Liturgy of 
the Church in Scotland but with some slight variations from it. 

As the Bishop never intended to act in diocesan matters 
without consulting the clergy, he submitted his draft to the Con- 
vocation at Derby. It was received with approval and enthu- 
siasm and the Bishop was requested to set it forth for use. 1 
Commenting upon its publication, Bishop Williams says : "This 
he did not, as in the case of the alterations agreed to in Con- 
vocation, 'enjoin' or 'require.' He simply 'recommended it 
to the Episcopal Congregations in Connecticut.' We also see, 
unless I greatly err, in his action in regard to changes in the 
State prayers and his own Office for the Holy Communion, 
Bishop Seabury's ideal of the position of a bishop in the Church 
of God. And this view is confirmed by the active course of his 
Episcopate. What was established by competent authority he 
'required.' What was not so established, however much his 
own heart might be set upon it, he 'recommended'." 2 

The Convocation considered further the State Prayers and 
ordered the substitutes to be incorporated in their proper places 
in the Prayer Book. For the petitions in the Litany referring 
to the Royal Family and British Government there was adopted 
a petition for the protection of "the United States in Congress 
assembled." When the Litany was not read there was to be 
used a special Collect for civil rulers, both the Congress and the 
State officials. This action of the Convocation was communi- 
cated by Bishop Seabury to "his Excellency, Samuel Huntington, 
Esquire, Governor of the State of Connecticut," in a dignified 
letter in which he expresses this sentiment: "We feel it to be 
our duty, and, I assure your Excellency, it is our willing dis- 
position, to pray for, and seek to promote, the peace and happi- 
ness of the Country in which we live, and the stability and 

1 This Office was published in a small pamphlet under the title : The 
Communion Office or Order for the Administration of the Holy Eucharist 
or Supper of the Lord. With Private Devotions. Recommended to the 
Episcopal Congregations in Connecticut. By the Right Reverend Bishop 
Seabury, New London : Printed by T. Green, MDCCLXXXVI. 

2 pp. 98, 99, The Seabury Centenary. The Wise Ruler. Bishop Williams' 
Convention Sermon. Hartford, June 9, 1885. 


efficacy of the Civil Government under which God's providence 
has placed us." 1 

Before the clergy present at this Convocation the Bishop 
delivered his second and last charge. It dealt with the incon- 
venience and suffering which the withdrawal of the Propagation 
Society stipends would entail upon the clergy, praised that 
Society for its good work and urged the Clergy to economy, 
frugality and the arousing of the laymen in the several congre- 
gations to "benevolence." The Bishop said: "He has cut off 
one resource and He can open others : and He will open others 
should He see it best for us." He then considered the spread of 
Deism, Arianism and Socinianism and set forth lucidly the doc- 
trine of the Holy Trinity. He noticed briefly the "Continental 
Convention" held in Philadelphia in September, 1785. He com- 
mented on the deficiencies of the "Proposed Book" and criti- 
cised those who presumed to act upon doctrinal and liturgical 
matters without Bishops. He gave his opinion upon the true 
method of liturgical revision and the principles which should 
govern it. From this topic he proceeds to the interpretation 
of Holy Scripture, which should always be done with due 
regard "to the interpretation of the oldest Christians and of 
the Universal Church." His last topic is the Sacraments of 
Holy Baptism and the Holy Communion, whose doctrinal 
character was dwelt upon. He closed with an exhortation to 
his reverend brethren to exert themselves "in support of the 
Holy Catholic Faith," particularly in their own land, where 
grave dangers menaced it. 2 

The conduct of some of those who apparently were leaders 
among the Churchmen who organized the Philadelphia Con- 
vention was the reverse of conciliatory to the Bishop, clergy 
and laymen of Connecticut. The New England character was 
not fully understood; the firmness and stability of those who 
had by conviction become Churchmen, or whose faith and devo- 
tion to principle had been tested by persecution, were not appre- 
ciated. The defects of the "fundamental principles" of 1784, 

1 The letter is dated "New London, October 14, 1786." It is printed in 
full on p. 266 of Dr. Beardsley's "Bishop Seabury," from the Bishop's 
Manuscript Letter Book, in possession of the Rev. Professor Seabury. 

2 The charge is reprinted in full on pp. 267-282, Dr. Beardsley's 
"Bishop Seabury." 

— 20 

the failure to revise them, the changes in the Prayer Book 
which to very many seemed to weaken its doctrinal character, 
witness to catholic truth, and fidelity to the ancient liturgies, 
were keenly felt in Connecticut. There was at that time not 
even a strong bond of civil union. Each state felt absolutely 

The inherent weakness of the Articles of Confederation and 
the disregard by the States of any request of the Congress, were 
rapidly causing political discontent. It was a time of uneasi- 
ness and perplexity both in Church and State. Where there 
was suspicion instead of trust and cold respect instead of 
brotherly affection, there was little hope of concerted action, and 
plans for such action proposed by Churchmen of New England 
were either ignored or received with scant courtesy and little 
consideration. The passage of the Enabling Act by the British 
Parliament and the embarkation of the Bishops-designate of 
New York and Pennsylvania to receive consecration at Lam- 
beth, did not promise to bring about a change in the attitude 
of the Church in New York and the more southern states 
toward the Church in New England. « The brotherly words 
of Dr. White and the statesmanlike overtures of Dr. William 
Smith did not seem to prevail upon their brethren in the Con- 
vention. The conviction had been constantly growing since 
September, 1785, that there was no desire for a "Continental 
union" and that New England must obtain the canonical 
number of Bishops and be a branch of the Church in America 
by herself. When the Convention of 1786 adjourned without 
taking any measures for union, and when even insult was 
offered to the Bishop of Connecticut by imputations of invalid- 
ity in his consecration and refusal to recognize those ordained 
by him, Bishop Seabury and his clergy thought the time had 
come to perpetuate the New England succession. 

Under the influence of such occurrences and alarmed at what 
might take place should he be removed by death, Bishop 
Seabury summoned the clergy to meet in Convocation at Wal- 
lingford on February 27, 1787. The specific purpose of this 
meeting was the selection from among the Connecticut clergy 
of a godly and well learned man to be presented to the Bishops 
of "the Catholic remainder of the Church of Scotland" to be 
consecrated Bishop and serve as coadjutor to Bishop Seabury. 

— 21 — 

It was expected that Massachusetts and New Hampshire would 
unite in electing the Rev. Mr. Parker, and thus New England 
secure the canonical number of three Bishops to perpetuate the 

When the Convocation met the clergy chose with great unan- 
imity that worthy confessor, Jeremiah Learning. Again he 
put aside the mitre, as his infirmities and advancing age warned 
him he could not fulfil the onerous duties of the episcopate. 
Then all turned with one consent to the Rev. Richard Mansfield, 
whose work at Derby and the whole region round about showed 
him wise, prudent, humble, and holy. With an instinctive 
modesty and distrust of himself he declined. Again the lot 
was cast, and it fell upon the Rev. Abraham Jarvis, Rector 
of Middletown and for many years Secretary of the Convention 
as then of the Convocation. 1 

No hasty action was intended. It was earnestly hoped that 
the Church in the United States would not be divided. Every 
effort was to be made for unity before the Bishop-designate 
proceeded to Scotland. Bishop Seabury wrote from Walling- 
ford on March 2, 1787, after the adjournment of the Convoca- 
tion, to Bishop Skinner, of Aberdeen, informing him of the 
alarm of the Clergy "at the steps taken by the Clergy and 
Laity to the south of us," and that they "will send a gentleman 
to Scotland for consecration as soon as they know that the 
measure meets with the full approbation of my good and highly 
respected brethren in Scotland." 2 Before an answer could be 
received from the Episcopal College of Scotland, the newly 
consecrated Bishops of Pennsylvania and New York arrived 
at New York on Easter Day, April 7, 1787, after a wearisome 
passage of seven weeks. In an effort for unity of action and 
with the courtesy natural to him, Bishop Seabury wrote to 
them letters of welcome and congratulation in which he invited 
his brother Bishops to a personal conference. In his letter to 
Bishop Provoost he says : 

1 p. 306, Connecticut Church Documents, II. These particulars are taken 
from a letter of the Rev. Roger Viets to the Rev. Samuel Parker. It 
formed a part of the Bishop Parker Correspondence which was in the 
possession of the late Bishop Perry, Historiographer of the Church, and is 
now dispersed. 

2 p. 294, Dr. Beardsley's "Bishop Seabury." 

— 22 — 

"A stated convocation of the Clergy of this State is to be held 
at Stamford, on the Thursday after Whitsunday. As it is so 
near to New York, and the journey may contribute to the estab- 
lishment of your health, I should be much rejoiced to see you 
there; more especially as I think it would promote the great 
object, the Union of all the Churches. May God direct us in 
all things." 1 

Bishop White replied courteously but cautiously, expressing 
however a desire for union. Bishop Provoost does not seem 
to have replied. Neither Bishop accepted the invitation for a 
personal meeting. There does not appear to be extant any 
record of the proceedings at Stamford. Referring to this 
meeting Dr. Beardsley says : "The Convocation at Stamford 
could do nothing, under the circumstances, beyond what had 
been already attempted. The clergy were inclined to leave the 
matter very much in the hands of their Bishop, in whom they 
had entire confidence, and let time work the changes necessary 
to reconcile discordant opinions." 2 

It is stated that when the new St. James' church, New London, 
was to be consecrated, Bishop Seabury "convoked his clergy 
to be present." 3 The deed of consecration gives the date as 
September 20, 1787. A letter of the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin 
to his friend, the Rev. Tillotson Bronson, then in Vermont, 
says : "I mentioned in the inclosed of the 14 th instant, of our 
convening at New London. The clergy were not in general 
present. The Bishop preached the consecration sermon and 
was universally applauded: he has a most excellent talent at 
sermonizing." 4 Mr. Baldwin says in a letter written later in 
the same month : "Convocation agreed there might a Christian 
agreement take place so far as to establish the Church in 
America, if they could not agree on the particular mode of 
exercising the right of that Church. . . I forgot when speaking 
of Convocation to say anything of their church in New Lon- 
don ; it is a pretty one, I think the neatest building in the state, 

1 P- 3°7. Connecticut Church Documents, II. pp. 299, 300, Dr. Beards- 
ley's " Bishop Seabury," from Bp. Seabury's MS. Letter Book. 
s P- 305, Dr. Beardsley's " Bishop Seabury." 

3 p. 315, Dr. Beardsley's "Bishop Seabury." 

4 This letter is dated November 15, 1787. p. 315, Dr. Beardsley's " Bishop 


elegantly finished. The Bishop had on his royal attire. The 
Crown and Mitre were refulgent. The reading Psalms were 
beautifully chanted. The most of the clergy present were 
clothed in their robes, and the whole day was pleasing." 1 

It was probably at this meeting that Bishop Seabury com- 
municated the letter of Bishop Skinner in answer to that he had 
written from Wallingford. Bishop Skinner had waited until 
he could collect the opinions of the Bishops before answering 
the very grave question of Bishop Seabury. He counselled 
patience and expressed his opinion that the "English conse- 
crate" would not stand aloof from the Bishop of Connecticut. 
If they did, then the Scottish College could not hesitate. "But 
fain would we hope better things of these your American 
brethren, and that there will be no occasion for two separate 
communions among the Episcopalians of the United States." 2 
The discussion of this letter is probably referred to in the 
allusion to the Convocation in Mr. Baldwin's letter. 

Dr. Seabury and the parochial clergy of Connecticut were 
quietly awaiting overtures of sympathy and union from their 
brethren. No formal action could be taken by those associated 
in a general convention until the spring of 1789 when the 
Convention was to meet. It was, then, with no expectation of 
friendly overtures that the Convocation met in St. John's Church, 
North Haven, on Wednesday, October 22, 1788, when the Rev. 
Samuel Nisbett and David Foot were advanced to the priest- 
hood. Only routine business seems to have been transacted. 
The divided state of the Church in America was a matter of 
anxious concern to thoughtful Churchmen both in New Eng- 
land and in the other parts of the Union. As the differences 
and discontent in the State had been composed by the adoption 
of the Federal Constitution, many hoped that the Church would 
also adopt measures for godly union and concord. The 
amiable Bishop of Pennsylvania, the devoted Rector of Trinity 
Church, Boston, and the active President of Washington 
College, Maryland are the three men who saw most clearly the 

1 p. 318, Dr. Beardsley's " Bishop Seabury." This is said to have been 
the first occasion on which Bishop Seabury wore his mitre. It is now in 
the Library of Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut. 

2 p. 297, Dr. Beardsley's " Bishop Seabury." The whole letter is on pp. 


sin and folly of permanent separation, who contributed by 
their personal influence with the delegates to the General Con- 
vention and by their wise plans which did not compromise any 
principle, by their ready willingness to give up any notion incon- 
sistent with soundness in the faith and ancient customs of the 
Church which might thoughtlessly have been temporarily enter- 
tained, or been embodied in conventional action, to a more Chris- 
tian and brotherly attitude on the part of the Convention. To 
them should be added of our Connecticut clergy the venerable 
Dr. Learning, whose letters to Bishop White are strong and 
convincing. 1 

Early in the Spring of 1789 it was evident that much of the 
bitterness against Bishop Seabury and his clergy was subsiding. 
While the attitude of the Bishop of New York was still 
unfriendly, the Diocese under the leadership of Dr. Benjamin 
Moore looked with favor upon the complete union of the Church. 
This acceptable change was soon known in Connecticut and 
caused much rejoicing. A letter of Bishop White to Bishop 
Seabury written in December, 1788, was so cordial and 
expressed so fully a desire for unity, that in writing to Dr. 
Parker on April 10, 1789, Bishop Seabury says : "I believe we 
shall send two Clergymen to the Philadelphia Convention, to see 
whether a union can be effected. If it fail, the point I believe 
will here be altogether given up." 2 It was under these encour- 
aging circumstances that the Bishop and Clergy met in Convo- 
cation at St. Paul's Church, Norwalk on June 3, 1789. A 
letter from Bishop Seabury gives clearly their attitude: "The 
clergy supposed that in your Constitution, any representation 
from them would be inadmissible without Lay delegates, nor 
could they submit to offer themselves to make a part of any 
meeting where the authority of their Bishop had been disputed 
by one Bishop, and probably by his influence, by a number of 
others who were to compose that meeting. They therefore 
must consider themselves excluded, till that point shall be set- 
tled to their satisfaction which they hope will be done by your 
Convention." 3 

1 See pp. 305-308, 311-313, 331, 332, 347, 348 Dr. Beardsley's "Bishop 

2 p. 327, Connecticut Church Documents, II. Also : p. 347, Dr. Beards- 
ley's " Bishop Seabury." 

3 Bishop Seabury to Bishop White, New London, June 29, 1789. p. 350, 
Dr. Beardley's " Bishop Seabury." 


A convention of "Lay delegates from our several congrega- 
tions" was to meet in the Spring of 1789 to coi>sider "the 
support of their Bishop" and "the practicability of instituting 
an Episcopal Academy in this State." Bishop Seabury and the 
clergy generally thought that "the point of sending Lay dele- 
gates to the General Convention should come fairly before 
them." Bishop Seabury thus outlines their action: "When the 
matter was proposed to the Lay convention, after some conver- 
sation, they declined every interference in Church government 
or in reformation of Liturgies. They supposed the government 
of the Church to be fixed, and that they had no right to alter 
it by introducing a new power into it. They hoped the old 
Liturgy would be retained with little alteration; and these 
matters they thought belonged to the Bishops and Clergy and 
not to them. They therefore could send no delegates, though 
they wished for unity among the Churches, and for uniformity 
of worship; but could not see why these great objects could 
not be better secured on the old ground than on the new ground 
that had been taken with you." Bishop Seabury with impres- 
sive dignity says in the same letter to Bishop White : "For my 
own part, gladly would I contribute to the union and uniformity 
of all our Churches; but while Bishop Provoost disputes the 
validity of my consecration T can take no step towards the 
accomplishment of so great and desirable an object." 1 

Dr. Parker had devised a plan which he thought would 
effectually unite the Church in New England with the Church 
in the rest of the United States. It was the election of a Bishop 
for Massachusetts and New Hampshire and a request by 
Memorial to the General Convention for the three Bishops then 
in the United States to join in his Consecration. The five other 
clergymen then resident in those states readily agreed to it. 
A convention of the Clergy was held at Salem, Mass., on June 
4, 1789, when the Rev d Edward Bass, Rector of St. Paul's 
church, Newburyport, Mass. was duly elected. Those present 
then joined in the preparation of "An Act of the Clergy of 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire," in which they rejoiced 
that the good Providence of Almighty God "had supplied the 
Church in the United States with "a complete and entire 

1 Bishop Seabury to Bishop White, "New London, June 29, 1789." p. 
350, Dr. Beardsley's " Bishop Seabury." 


Ministry," cited the facts of the election of Mr. Bass, and 
requested that "the Right Reverend the Bishops in the States 
of Connecticut, New York and Pennsylvania" give "their 
united assistance in consecrating our said Brother and canoni- 
cally investing him with the apostolic offices and powers." 1 

Dr. Parker was appointed to transmit the "Act" to the 
Bishops named and as agent of the Convention to attend "any 
Convention to be holden at Philadelphia or New York, and to 
treat upon any measures that may tend to promote an Union 
of the Episcopal Church throughout the United States of 
America." 2 When this "Act" was brought before the General 
Convention, which met in Christ Church, Philadelphia, on Tues- 
day, July 28, 1789, there was almost immediate approval of it 
and the passage of a resolution affirming the validity of Dr. 
Seabury's Consecration. After long discussion in the com- 
mittee of the whole upon the best method to bring about the 
union, a series of resolutions offered by Dr. William Smith, 
President of Washington College, Maryland, and former 
Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, were adopted. 
They declared that "a complete order of Bishops derived as well 
under the English as the Scots line of Episcopacy doth now 
subsist within the United States of America." 

It was declared that these three Bishops "are fully competent 
to every proper act and duty of the Episcopal Office and 
character in these United States." It was affirmed that Chris- 
tian charity as well as duty required them to supply the wants 
of "their sister churches in these States :" therefore the "Right 
Rev. Dr. White and the Right Rev. Dr. Provoost be and they 
are hereby requested to join with the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury 
in complying with the prayer of the Clergy of the States of 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, for the consecration of the 
Rev. Edward Bass, Bishop-elect of the Churches in the said 
States." Should the Bishops consecrated at Lambeth feel "any 
difficulty or delicacy" in respect to an implied pledge to the 
Bishops and Archbishops in England that there should be three 
Bishops of the English line consecrated for the United States 
before there was any transatlantic consecration by them, "this 
Convention will address the Archbishops and Bishops, and hope 

1 P- 334. Connecticut Church Documents, II. 
3 P- 335. Connecticut Church Documents, II. 


thereby to remove the difficulty." 1 The Convention then 
adopted a body of Canons, and a Constitution in which a pro- 
vision was made for a House of Bishops when three should be 
members of the General Convention. It was to act as a house of 
revision but had no power to originate legislation for the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The Convention adjourned on August 8 to meet again on 
September 29 with the full expectation that its members would 
then welcome Bishop Seabury and deputies from New England. 

The proceedings of the Convention were transmitted to 
Connecticut very soon after its adjournment. A formal letter 
signed by the special committee of invitation, Bishop White, 
Dr. William Smith, Dr. Samuel Magaw, the Hon. Francis Hop- 
kinson, and the Hon. Tench Coxe, was sent on August 16 to 
Bishop Seabury detailing what had been done and indicating the 
liberty allowed in the Constitution adopted for any state to be 
represented only by clergymen. 

It disclaimed for the Convention in the past any act implying 
the invalidity of Dr. Seabury's consecration, asserting that its 
course in the matter had been misunderstood. 

As a proof of "respect for our sister Churches" everything 
had been postponed "except what was intended immediately to 
open the door of union" until the session of September 29, "in 
the full confidence of then meeting a representation from all 
the Churches in the Eastern States, for the purpose of devising 
and executing such measures as through the blessing of God 
may concentre all our future labours in the promotion of truth 
and righteousness, and for preserving our Church in the unity 
of the Spirit and in the bond of peace." 2 

Bishop White wrote an affectionate personal letter to Bishop 
Seabury on August n. In it he comments upon the deeds 
and temper of the Convention. He defers answering Bishop 
Seabury's recent letter as he has "y e Expectation of our soon 
discussing y e weighty contents of it more fully and effectually 
than can be done in correspondence." He cannot suppose that 
the Bishop "will see cause to decline y e unanimous invitation 

1 PP- 53. 54. Journals of the General Convention, 1785-1817. Bioren's 
reprint, 1817. 

8 pp. 347-349, Connecticut Church Documents, II. The copy followed 
is the original draft in the papers of Dr. William Smith. 


which you will herewith receive from y e Convention to their 
adjourned meeting." 1 

Dr. Smith in a very cordial letter gave some of the inner 
history of the Convention, especially concerning the meaning of 
the "five resolves" which he had offered. He also invited the 
Bishop of Connecticut to his house during his stay in Phila- 
delphia. 2 

Until the arrival of these letters Bishop Seabury and the 
Connecticut clergy were in great perplexity as to the result of 
Dr. Parker's proposal. In a letter to him written by Bishop 
Seabury on August 26 there is this inquiry : "Have you yet heard 
the result of your application to the Southern Bishops respecting 
Mr. Bass's Consecration?" The Bishop comments upon the 
information given him by Dr. Moore and debates the question 
whether he should keep an appointment for Portsmouth or defer 
it and go to Philadelphia. Before he finished the letter the mail 
brought him the three communications already epitomised and 
he closes with these words : "I have determined to go to Phila- 
delphia, and hope to see you there. Time will not permit me 
to add more than that I am 

Your affectionate, Humble Servant, 

S. Bp. Connect." 3 

Bishop Seabury wrote immediately to Bishop White his accept- 
ance of the invitation to the adjourned Convention. He fears as 
"the time is so short" that "we shall not be able to get our 
dispersed clergy together ; but everything shall be done that can 
be done, and I presume on so sudden an emergency any little 
informality in the appointment of their representatives will be 
overlooked." 4 

The summons of the Bishop brought together a large number 
of the clergy in a special Convocation at Stratfield (now Bridge- 
port) on September 15, 1789. As the Bishop did not attend, 
the Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Learning was chosen President and the 

1 PP- 337> 338, Connecticut Church Documents, II. 

2 pp. 345, 346, Connecticut Church Documents, II. "August 16, 1789." 

3 pp. 349, 350, Connecticut Church Documents, II., from the Bishop Parker 
Correspondence. Also : Bishop Perry's Journals of the General Conven- 
tion, 1785-1835. p. 408, volume third, Historical Notes and Documents. 

4 p. 351, Connecticut Church Documents, II. Also, p. 409, Historical Notes 
and Documents. 


Rev. Mr. Jarvis retained his office of Secretary. The letters and 
documents received from Philadelphia were submitted to the 
Convocation for discussion and action. 

The Rev. Dr. John Bowden, then residing in Stratford, whose 
word always had great weight, moved that the Diocese be 
represented by clerical proctors, which was adopted. After 
some informal discussion the Convocation adjourned to the 
following day. The Rev. Bela Hubbard, of Trinity Church, 
New Haven and the Rev. Abraham Jarvis, of Christ Church, 
Middletown, were then elected as "proctors," or clerical depu- 
ties, to the adjourned General Convention to be holden in 
Philadelphia on Tuesday, September 29, 1789. 

They were "empowered to confer with the General Conven- 
tion on the subject of making alterations in the Book of Common 
Prayer." The Convocation expressly stipulated that "the 
ratification of such alterations was expressly reserved to rest 
with the Bishops and clergy of this Church." 1 

An account of the proceedings of this adjourned session of 
the General Convention, and the consummation of the continen- 
tal union of the Church in America will be found elsewhere in 
this volume. 2 

The table of voluntary Conventions and meetings of the 
Convocation to 1790 appended to this introduction is that given 
in the Convention Journal of 1891, with the benefit of careful 
revision by Dr. Hart, the compiler. 

1 These particulars are given by Dr. Beardsley on pp. 409, 410 of his 
History, I. Also on pp. 367, 36S of his Life of Bishop Seabury. The quo- 
tation marks are as above. Dr. Beardsley does not mention his authority. 

2 See Note V. 

— 30— 


A.D. 1739— A.D. 1785. 

1739, March 29 Fairfield. 

1740, May 4 New London. 

1742, August 24 Fairfield. 

1743, May 16 Stratford. 

1744, March 28 Norwalk. 

1760, June 4 New Haven. 

1765, June 5 Hebron. 

1766, May 28 Wallingford. 

1766, October 8 Stratford. 

1767, June 17 Turkey Hills in Simsbury. 

1769, May 24 New Milford. 

1770, June 13 Litchfield. 

1771, May 22 Norwich. 

1772, June 24 Fairfield. 

1773, September 8 

1776, July 23 New Haven. 

1782, May 29 Middletown. 

1783, March 25 Woodbury. 

1784, January 13 Wallingford. 

1785, August 2 Middletown. 


A.D. 1785— A.D. 1790. 

1785, August 3 Middletown. 

September 14 New Haven. 

1786, September 22 Derby. 

1787, February 27 Wallingford. 

May 31 Stamford. 

1788, October 22 North Haven. 

1789, June 3 Norwalk. 

September 15 Stratfield. 

Records of the Convocation 

— OF — 


Records of the Convocation 

— OF- 



At a Convocation of the Clergy of Connecticut, holden at 
Litchfield, on the 2 d . day of June 1790 — 


The Bishop 

The Rev'd Mefs rs 

. Hubbard 

The Rev'd Mefs rs . 













Edw d . 
Sol n . 

Blakeslee 1 

The Clergy met at 11. °clock, & by particular defire attended 
Divine Service at the Presbyterian Meeting-House. 2 The 
Rev'd M r . Sayre read Prayers— The Rev'd M r . Truman Marsh 
was ordained Priest — And a Sermon was preached by the 
Bishop, the Rt. Rev'd Doct r . Samuel Seabury. — 

At 4. °clock P. M. the Clergy met again at the Rev'd M r . 
Baldwin's ; & the Rev'd M r . Sayre was chofen Secretary. 

Refolved, that a Blank-Book be provided at the expence of 
Convocation, in which, minutes of their proceedings shall be 
entered by the Secretary — And that the said Book shall be pro- 
duced, by the Secretary, at every Convocation. 
Adjourned, to meet tomorrow-morning. 

1 Note 1. 2 Note 11. 



Met June 3 d . 9. °clock A. M. as p r . adjournment. The Rev'd 
M r . Sayre refigned the office of Secretary: — and The Rev'd 
M r . Perry was chosen in his place. — 

On motion, it was agreed, that the Constitution & Canons 
of the Church, formed by the late General Convention at Phila- 
delphia, be read : Which, after a short examination, were 
deferred for further consideration, at the adjourned Convoca- 
tion, to be holden on the 26 th . of Aug*. — 

Doct r . David Perry, Layman, was admitted as a candidate for 
Holy Orders — & being examined by Mess rs . Jarvis, Bostwick, & 
Baldwin, was found worthy to receive Deacon's Orders. 

Voted, That a Committee be appointed to draw up rules & 
Canons for regulating the discipline of the Church in Connecti- 
cut: — and that the Rev'd Doct r . Learning, The Rev'd Mess rs 
Jarvis, Mansfield, & Hubbard be a Committee for the purpose — 
& that they prepare the fame against the next Convocation. 

June 4 th . met at 9. °clock, A. M. — and adjourned to the 26 th . 
of Aug*, to meet at The Rev'd M r . Perry's at Newtown. 

Sunday, June 6 th . Doct r . David Perry was ordained Deacon by 
the R*. Rev'd Samuel, Bish p . of Connecticut. 3 — 

At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
holden by adjournment, at the Rev'd M r . Perry's at Newtown, 
on the last day of Sept r . 1790. 

Prefent. — 

The Rev'd Mefs". Mansfield The Rev'd Mefs rs . Brunson 

Hubbard Prindle 

Bostwick Foot 

Sayre Clarke 

Shelton Hull 

Perry Marsh 

Ives Ed d . Blakeslee 

The Clergy met at 7. Mock in the Evening — & chose the 

Rev'd M r . Mansfield President- 
Voted, That the Constitution & Canons of the Church, agreed 

to by the General Convention at Philadelphia, in Octob r . 2 d . 

1789, be read, & considered, — agreeably to a vote of the Convo- 

3 Note in. 


cation at Litchfield on the 2 d . clay of June 1790. — Upon which 
the Constitution & Canons were read, & the Convocation 
adjourned till to-morrow 10. "clock. — 

Octob r . I st . Met according to adjournment in the Church. 
After morning Prayer, read by R d . M r . Shelton, the Constitu- 
tion & Canons were examined & considered. After which a 
motion was made, to take a vote of the prefent members, 
Whether the Constitution & Canons should be adopted. The 
motion was not agreed to, as the majority of the Convocation 
wished for further consideration. 

Adjourned till the Afternoon. 

The R*. Rev'd Bishop Seabury,— The Rev'd Mess rs . Fogg, 
Tyler, & Todd, joined the Convocation 

Met in the Church at 3. °clock — And the Bishop took his seat 
as Prefident, ex officio. — The Rev'd M r . Ogilvie took his Seat 
as a member of the Convocation. — 4 

The alterations in the Book of Common Prayer, made by the 
General Convention at Philadelphia, were read & considered. — 

On motion, The question was put, in these words, "Whether 
"we confirm the doings of our Proctors in the General Conven- 
"tion at Philadelphia, on the 2 d . day of Octob 1 . 1789." 5 

Which pafsed in the affirmative by the votes of every member 
prefent, the Rev'd M r . Sayre excepted: — Who then entered the 
following Protest against the aforesaid Vote & proceedings of 
the Convocation, which Protest is here recorded at his defire by 
order of the Convocation, viz. — 

"In the Name of our Lord Jefus Christ, Amen. 

"I James Sayre, a Minister, in Presbyter's Orders, of the 
"Church of England, of late having officiated as a Presbyter of 
"the Church of England in Connecticut, & having been a mem- 
"ber of a Convention of the Clergy of Connecticut, for the pur- 
"pose of considering an Invitation of the Episcopal Clergy in 
"the Southern States, to the Episcopal Clergy in Connecticut, to 
"unite with them in a general, ecclesiastical System for the Epis- 
copalians in the United States, — at which Convention, two 
"Proctors were chosen by ballot, to meet the Episcopal Clergy 
"at a General Convention held at Philadelphia from the 29 th . of 
"Sept r . to the i6 tb . Octob r . 1789. — & to treat with them upon 
"terms of union, — but, with this restriction of the power dele- 
gated to the faid Proctors, or to this effect, "That their pro- 

4 Note iv. 5 Note v. 


"ceedings in the s A . Treaty should not be deemed conclusive, till 
"they should be considered & approved by the body of the 
"Clergy, their Constituents" do folemnly protest against the 
"signature of the "General Constitution of the Protestant Epis- 
" copal Church in the United States of America, made by the 
"said Proctors, on the second day of Octob r . 1789, in the City 
"of Philadelphia, — and against the Vote of the Episcopal Clergy 
"in Connecticut, this day made & taken, whereby the said signa- 
ture of the aforesaid Constitution by the said Proctors has been 
"approved & adopted : For Reasons alledging, — 
"i. st That the said General Constitution of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church in the United States of America, does not import 
"in it, that Form of the Government of the Church of Christ, 
"which it's blefsed & glorious Head imprefsed upon it; which 
"is therefore, it's proper, & only right Government ; — which was 
"committed to the Apostles & their succefsors in office, fince 
"their day stiled Bishops ; & which has therefore obtained the 
"name of the Episcopal Government of the Church ; but that the 
"s d . general Constitution signed & approved as aforesaid, is 
"repugnant to the above-described proper, only right, & episcopal 
"Government of the Church. — And, altho' I think this reason of 
"sufficient force, tho' it ftood alone ; Yet I alledge, 

2> diy "That, the faid Constitution will be found disagreeable & 
"distrefsing to great numbers of good Christians, lately members 
"of the Church of England in Connecticut, & will have the most 
"probable tendency to occasion divisions & feparations. 

3.^ That, by the aforesaid "General Constitution," all the 
"sacred matters of the Church, her Doctrines, Discipline, Lit- 
"urgy, Sacraments, Rites, & Offices, are fubjected to the utmost 
"hazard ; as they must naturally be fupposed to be in the power 
"of the same hands in which the government of the Church is 
"lodged ; and which Hazard, it is my opinion, the authorized 
"Stewards of God are not warranted to encounter, 

"Lastly, "That the alteration of any fystem of long ftanding 
"has ever been productive of more or lefs inconvenience & dam- 
"age; & that, therefore, old fystems should not be changed 
"without necefsity." — 

"In witnefs whereof I have hereunto fet my Hand this I st . day 
"of Octob r . in the year of our Lord 1790 — 

"at Newtown — James Sayre" 


The foregoing Protest being read, & ordered to be recorded by 
defire of the Rev'd M r . Sayre: — The Convocation was then 
adjourned to 9. °clock to-morrow morning. — 

Octob r . 2 d . This morning the Rev'd M r . Sayre withdrew & 
left the Convocation. — 

Met in the Church at 9. °clock 

Morning Prayer being read by Rev'd M r . Prindle, A motion 
was made, that the Convocation should determine on a mode of 
introducing the Constitution & Canons & Liturgy in our several 
parishes : — When it was agreed that each of the Clergy should 
take that method that should appear to him the most eligible. 

Agreed, also, that in the use of the New-Prayer-Book, we be 
as uniform as pofsible, — & for that purpose, that we approach 
as near the Old Liturgy, as a compliance with the Rubrics of 
the New will allow. — 

Agreed, that the Secretary write letters to the Churches of 
Woodbury & Salem, recommending to them, an union with the 
Church at Waterbury, for the purpose of settling a Minister. 6 

Refolved, by a Vote of the Convocation, that a College of Doc- 
tors of Divinity be established, by the Bishop & Clergy of Con- 
necticut: And that the College of Doctors shall be considered 
as the Bishop's Council, — to be consulted on any emergency that 
may arise : — and that the Rev'd Mefsrs. Dibble, Mansfield, Hub- 
* bard, & Jarvis, be the first four Doctors. 7 

The Rev'd M r . Ogilvie, Deacon, offered himself as a candidate 
for Priest's Orders : — His title, letters of recommendation &c 
being produced & read, were deemed fatisfactory. The Rev'd 
Mefs rs . Hubbard & Perry were appointed his examiners — and 
on Sunday morning, Octob r . 3 d . he was ordained (in Christ's 
Church, Newtown) to the order of Priest, by the R*. Rev'd 
Samuel B p . Connecticut. 


At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connect 1 , holden 
at the Rev'd M r . Prindle's, at Watertown, on Wednesday 5 th . of 
Octob 1 . 1 791— 11. °clock A. M. 

1 Note vi. 7 Note vn. 



The Rev'd Mefs ra 

. Mansfield 

The Rev'd Mefs rs , 

, Clarke 

Rev'd M r . Mansfield chosen President, p. t. 

2. °clock P. M. proceeded to the Church. — Prayers were read 
by the Rev'd M r . Todd ;— & a fermon delivered by the Rev'd M r . 
Perry. — After fervice, returned to Rev'd M r . Prindle's — When 
the Convocation was joined by the R*. Rev'd Bishop Seabury, 
Rev'd Mefs ra . Jams & Tyler,— & Rev'd M r . Perry, Deacon- 
Proceeded to businefs. 

Voted ; That a Standing Committee be appointed, as required 
by the 6 th . Canon agreed on by the Gen 1 . Convent 11 , at Philadel- 
phia in Oct 1 . 1789. & that the Committee consist of the Rev'd 
Mefs rs . Mansfield, Hubbard, Shelton, Ives, & P. Perry. 8 — 

Voted ; That those who shall hereafter prefent themselves to 
this Convocation to be admitted as Candidates for Holy Orders, 
fliall, previous to their admifsion, be examined by the Convoca- 
tion, or the Standing Committee of Convocation. 

Voted ; That the 6 th . Canon of the General Convention afore- * 
faid, be the general rule to direct the Convocation, or Standing 
Committee, in their examination of perfons to be admitted as 

Voted; That every Candidate for orders fhall have been a 
Communicant in this Church, one year at least, previous to his 
recommendation for orders, & that this fhall be a necefsary quali- 

Adjourned at 9. Mock this evening, — to meet at 9. "clock, 
to-morrow-morning in the Church. 

Thursday, Octob r . 6 th . met in the Church at 9. °clock A. M. 
according to adjournment. — When, Prayers having been read by 
the Rev'd M r . Ogilvie, the Convocation proceeded to bufiness. — 

The Convocation having attended to the application of M r . 
R. B. Marfhall to be admitted a Candidate for H. Orders, recom- 
mend to him, to apply to his ftudies for one year, that he may 
qualify himfelf, as the 7 th . Canon of the general Convention at 

8 Note viii. 


Philadelphia requires ; & then the Convocation will chearfully 
encourage him & admit him a Candidate for orders, provided he 
obtain a title, & proper testimonials, agreeably to the 6 th . Canon 

Rev'd Mefs 13 . Bostwick, Baldwin & Marsh joined the Convo- 
cation. — 

Voted ; That M r . Seth Hart be recommended for examination 
for the order of a Deacon. — 

Adjourned to 2. o clock P. M. — 

2. "clock P. M. afsembled as p r . adjournment. — 

Voted : That, in the use of the Common Prayer Book, we will 
use the Nicene-Creed on Communion Days ; & the Apostle's 
Creed on all other days. 

Voted : That the College of Doctors shall consist of a limited 
number : Which number shall never be lefs than four ; (allowing 
six months to fupply a vacancy which may be caused by death 
or removal) — & shall never exceed six, unlefs by the confent of 
the Convocation. 

Voted; That the instalment of the Doctors shall be by 
Diploma from the College of Doctors, which shall be announced 
by the Bishop in public, at the next Convocation. — 

Voted ; That the Acts of this Convocation relative to the Col- 
lege of Doctors, shall be published in the Connecticut- Journal. 9 

The Committee, appointed by the Convocation, in June 1790, 
to prepare Canons for the internal government of the Church in 
this State, made their report. 

Voted: That the Canons reported by said committee, be 
revised & completed by the Bishop, & the College of Doctors; 
& laid before the next Convocation. 

Adjourned ; to meet at 9. °clock tomorrow-morning in the 
Church. 9. °clock met as p r . adjournment. 

Prayers having been read by the Rev'd M r . Marsh — the Con- 
vocation proceeded to businefs. — 

Voted ; That we will prefent a memorial to the General 
Afsembly of this State, praying for a repeal of the Certificate, 
or Conscience Act, pafsed at their last fefsion in May. 

Voted; That the Rev'd Doct rs . Mansfield & Hubbard be a 
committee with the Bishop, to confer & concur with Jon 11 . Inger- 
foll Esq r . in drawing a memorial to be presented to the Afsembly 
in behalf of this Convocation for the aforesaid purpose. — 

9 Note ix. 


Voted ; That a Committee be appointed to meet at Reading on 
the 10 th . inst. to enquire into the state of the feveral Churches of 
Reading, Ridgefield & Danbury relative to their uniting & fet- 
tling the Rev'd D. Perry, Deacon, to be their Minister ; — & that 
the Rev'd Mefs rs . Bowden, Shelton, Ogilvie, Clarke, & Perry, be 
a Committee for the purpose. In purfuance of which, — 

Voted ; That the Secretary be directed to fend a notification of 
s d . meeting to the Wardens & Vestry of the aforefaid Churches, 
& request their attendance, or of Committees in their ftead from 
s d . Churches 

Voted ; That each Clergyman recommend it to the people of 
his Cure, to choose one or more persons to reprefent them at a 
Convocation to be holden at the Church in N. Haven on the 30 th . 
of May next at 10. Mock, A. M. which reprefentatives are to 
be considered as a Comm ttee . of conference, to confer with the 
Convocation, at that time & place, on all matters that respect the 
temporal interest of the Church. — 

Sunday 9 th . of Octob r . M r . Seth Hart was ordained Deacon 
at Watertown. 10 — Sunday i6 tb . of Oct r . the Rev'd D. Perry was 
ordained Priest at Stratfield by the R*. Rev'd Samuel B p . 


At a Convocation holden at East Haddam, on the 15 th . of 
Feb y . 1792. 


The R*. Rev'd Bishop Seabury 
The Rev'd Mefs rs . Hubbard Rev'd Mefs rs . Prindle 

Bowden Clarke 

Shelton Ogilvie 

Baldwin E. Blakeley 

Brunfon S. Blakely 

Convocation being opened at 10. °clock. A. M. the Rev'd M r . 
Shelton was chosen Secretary (pro hac vice). 

Voted ; That unlefs the Wardens & Vestrymen of Christ's 
Church in Stratford, shall transmit to the R\ Rev'd the Bishop 
of Connecticut, within 14 days after Easter-Monday next, a 

10 Note x. 


Notification, that the congregation of s d . Church, have adopted 
the constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church ; as settled 
by the general Convention at Philadelphia, in Octob r . 1789, 
they (the Congregation) will be confidered as having totally 
feparated themselves from the Church of Connecticut. 

Voted ; That the Rev'd M r . Shelton acting as Secretary to the 
Convocation, shall transmit to the Wardens & Vestrymen of 
Christ's Church in Stratford, the above vote. — 

Voted ; That the feveral Clergy make enquiry of their neigh- 
bouring Towns, & fee what could be done towards erecting an 
Episcopal Academy ; & make report to the next Convocation. — 

Voted ; That a Notitia Parochialis be made out, and exhibited 
to the next Convocation, for the year past. 

Voted; That the next State Convocation be holden at New 
Haven, on the first Wednesday of June next, at 10. °clock in the 

Proposed as Lay-Delegates to the Gen 1 . Convention at New 
York in Sept r . next, Mefs rs . Jon 11 . Ingerfoll Esq r . Thomas Belden 
Esq r . Philip Nichols Esq 1 . John Wooster Esq 1 . Mark Prindle 
Esq r . & Ebenezar Baldwin. — 

Thursday 11. °clock went to Church. The Rev'd M r . Bald- 
win read prayers : — and the R\ Reverend the Bishop of Connec- 
ticut, preached the Sermon. — 

After Dinner, the Convocation rose. — 

At a Convocation of the Epis 1 . Clergy of Connect*, holden in 
Trinity Church, New Haven on the 6 th . of June 1792 — 

Prefent — 

The Right 

Rev'd the 


The Rev'd Mefs™. Dibble- 

Rev'd Mefs rs . 

, Ives 


















On application of M r . Herschel to be admitted as a Candidate 
for Holy Orders, he was referred to the Standing Committee : — 
who after due inquiry & examination, came to the following 
determination — "The Committee, for reasons laid before them, 
do not think proper to admit M r . Herschel at prefent into the 
List of Candidates : & do direct that he fhall not continue to 
read prayers at Branford." — 

A copy of the foregoing, by defire of the Committee, was 
transmitted by the Secr y . of Convoc 11 . to M r . Herschel. — 

Mefs rs . Rufsel Catlin & David Butler on due examination were 
found qualified for the order of Deacons : — and on Sunday fol- 
lowing were ordained to the fame in Trinity Church, by the R l . 
Rev'd B p . Seabury. 


At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
holden at Huntington on the 10 th . of Octob r . 1792. 

The R\ Rev'd the Bishop 
The Rev'd D r . Mansfield The Rev'd Mefs rs . Brunfon 

The Rev'd Mefs rs . Hubbard Ives 

Bowden Clarke 

Tyler Ogilvie 

Shelton Todd 

Perry Blakeslee 

At 11. °clock A. M. proceeded to bufinefs.-*-Upon an applica- 
tion from a number of Episcopalians in the Parish of Exeter, & 
town of Lebanon, (who have formed themselves into a Society, 
& chosen for their Wardens M r . Israel Williams & D r . Noah 
Coleman) praying the Bishop & Clergy to confider them as a 
feparate ecclefiastical Society, & to allow them the privileges 
pertaining thereto: — Voted, — That faid people be confidered as 
a feparate ecclefiastical fociety, provided they annex themfelves 
to the Cure of Hebron. — 

Voted, That Mefs rs . Greens, Printers in New Haven, have the 
refusal of printing an Edition of the Common Prayer-Book : — 
& that the Rev'd Mefs rs . Hubbard & Bowden be a Committee to 
negotiate the bufiness with faid Printers. And they are hereby 
authorised to afsure f d . Printers, that they with any perfons, 

11 Note xi. 


whom they may choose as partners in the businefs, fhall have 
the exclusive privilege of being recommended to the standing 
Committee of the General Convention for a Licence. 12 

At 9. °clock in the evening adjourned — to meet at 9. "clock 
to-morrow-morning, in the Church. 

Thursday, — Met according to adjournment. — 

The Rev'd M r . Shelton read Prayers. — 

Voted, That a Committee be appointed to make out a revifion 
of the Articles, & prefent it to the next Convoc 11 . for their appro- 
bation : & that faid Committee consist of the Rev'd M r . Bowden, 
Rev'd D r . Mansfield, Rev'd Mefs rs . Hubbard & Jarvis.— 

Voted, That fhould an Act be obtained of the Gen 1 . Afsembly 
incorporating any number of perfons as Trustees of a Fund for 
the Bishop's fupport, it is our wish, that The Rev'd D r . Mans- 
field, Rev'd Mefs rs . Hubbard, Bowden, Jarvis, Baldwin, Tyler, 
Perry & Shelton, may be members of that Corporation: And 
it is our defire further, that at least an equal number of Lay- 
men fhould be included in the Corporation. 13 — 

Voted, That, the fame perfons, who were appointed a Stand- 
ing Committee at the last Convocation, be continued to the next. 

The Rev'd M r . Hart, Deacon, prefented himself to be admitted 
to the order of Priest ; & after due examination, — was on Sun- 
day 14 th . Octob 1 . ordained to the fame in S*. Paul's Church, 
Huntington, by the R*. Rev'd D r . Seabury. — An ordination fer- 
mon was preached by the Rev'd M r . Shelton. 


At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
hoi den at Middletown on Wednesday June 5 th . 1793. — 

The R*. Rev'd Bishop Seabury 
The Rev'd Mefs rs . Hubbard The Rev'd Mefs rs . Brunfon 

Jarvis Ives 

Tyler Marsh 

Bostwick Ogilvie 

Bowden Hart 

Shelton E. Blakeflee j q 

Baldwin S. Blakeflee , § 

Perry Butler § 




12 Note xii. 1S Note xin. 


M r . Charles Seabury; & M r . Daniel Boerhance (of Lanesbor- 
ough) prefented themfelves for admission to the order of Dea- 
cons. Being found qualified by due examination ; — They were 
ordained, in Christ's Church by the R\ Rev'd Samuel, B p . of 
Connecticut. 14 

The Committee appointed at the last Convocat n . to make out 
a revision of the Articles of Religion, laid the fame before the 
Convocation : Which revision being examined & considered was, 
with a few alterations, approved as far as the 17 th . Article; — 
which, with those that follow, was laid over for further confid- 
eration, at the next Convocation. 

Information being given to the Convocation, that the Rev'd 
M r . Belden, Deacon, had, in feveral instances, officiated in the 
parish of another Clergyman, without proper permifsion : — 
Voted, That the Secretary be directed to write to Mr. Belden, 
& transmit to him that Canon of the General Convention, which 
forbids such irregular proceeding. 

Voted, That the Secretary write to the Rev'd D d . Perry, 
on the subject of his not attending the stated Conventions, or 
Convocations ; & fignify to him, that it is the wish of his 
Brethren, that he would not neglect to attend, whenever cir- 
cumstances will pofsibly admit. 

The Rev'd Mefs rs . E. Blakeflee, & S. Blackeflee — Butler & 
Catlin, Deacons, being examined for admifsion to the holy 
Order of Priests, were, on Sunday 9 th . of June ordained to the 
fame by the R fc . Rev'd the Bishop of Connecticut. — 

The Convocation adjourned, to meet at New Milford on the 
last Wednesday of Sepf. next. 

At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
holden at New Milford, Sept r . 25-1793. 

The Rt. Rev'd Bp. Seabury 

Rev'd Mefs rs . Jarvis -> Rev'd Mefs rs . Marsh 

Prindle Ogilvie 

Brunson Hart 

Ives J Butler 

Voted — That the Rev'd Seth Hart act as Secretary — pro 
14 Note xiv. 


Voted — That, whenever a certain paper relative to the Rev'd 
M r . James Sayre be transmitted by the Bishop to the feveral 
Clergymen of the Church in Connecticut, they fhall read it in 
the feveral Congregations under their care, on the first funday 


fubfequent to their receiving it- 
Voted, — That, the Clergy, in the execution of their ministerial 
office, can not pay any attention to the Church at Woodbury, 
until they accede to the Constitution of the Church in Connec- 
ticut. — 

Voted. — That M r . Smith Miles be admitted as a Candidate for 
Holy Orders. — 

Voted. — That, no Clergyman fhall organize any newly formed 
religious Congregation, until the next annual Convention : — and 
that it be recommended to any number of people wishing to be 
acknowledged a distinct Congregation in the Church, that they 
be reprefented at the next annual Convention, by one or more 
delegates, authorized to accede to the Constitution of the 
Church in Connecticut. 


At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
holden in Trinity Church, N. Haven, June 5 th 1794. — 

The Rt Rev'd Bishop Seabury 

The Rev'd Doct rs . Mansfield 

The Rev'd Mefs ra 

. Brunfon 





The Rev'd Mefs rs . Tyler 









P. Perry 

r Butler 


Deacons - 

. Burhans 

Prayers were read by the Rev'd M r . Todd. 
Voted, That the Rev'd Mefs rs . Bowden, Shelton, & Baldwin 
be a Committee to examine Candidates, & to transact fuch other 
15 Note xv. 

— 46 — 

businefs as may properly come before them till the next Con- 
vocation. — 

Voted, That, Whereas a Petition has been prefented by a num- 
ber of persons belonging to the Church in Pauqutannok, to this 
Convocation, — praying for liberty to admit M r . King & others 
of his denomination into f.d Church for the purpose of per- 
forming divine fervice — 

After a full discufsion of the fubject: — 

Voted, That this Convocation do not consider themfelves 
vested with power fufhcient to judge & determine on the request 
of the Petitioners. 

Voted, That the Rev'd Mefs rs . Ives, Marsh & P. Perry be a 
Committee for the purpose of accommodating matters with the 
Ep 1 . Congregation at Woodbury & reconciling them to a union 
with the Protest*. Episcopal Church. 

M r . Griswold admitted (after due examination) as a Can- 
didate for Holy Orders. 

Voted, That the Secretary write to the Rev'd David Perry, & 
inform him, that, if he does not attend the next Convocation, he 
must expect to fall under the Cenfure of the Church. 

Adjourned without day 

At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
holden at the Rev'd M r . Ives' in Cheshire on the 12 th . of Novem r . 


The Rt Rev'd 

Bishop Seabury 

Rev'd Doct rs . Mansfield 

The Rev'd Mef rs . Todd 





Rev'd Mefs rs . Bowden 





E. Blakelee 

P. Perry 

S. Blakelee 


T. ( Belden 
Deacons < _ , 

( Seabury 

Prayers read by the Rev'd M r . Shelton. 

A fermon preached by the Rt. Rev'd the Bishop. 

Voted, That we will pay our equal proportion of the expence 


that may accrue for the fupport of a fon of the Rev'd M r . Bost- 
wick deceased, at the Academy in Stratford, till the month of 
June 1795 — 

On application of the Churches of Barrington, Salisbury, 
Canaan, & Sandersfield to this Convocation, that M r . Smith Miles 
might be admitted into Holy Orders — 

Voted, That, Whereas M r . Smith Miles has by intense appli- 
cation to ftudy, induced upon himfelf a debilitated ftate of body, 
which has, at times, been accompanied with fome derangement 
of mind, 

The Clergy of the Church in Connecticut, therefore, do not 
think that it would be a prudent meafure at prefent, to recom- 
mend him to the Bishop for Holy Orders : — But choose to defer 
his recommendation till his health fhall appear to be fufficiently 
confirmed to render him capable of performing the laborious 
duties of a Clergyman. 

Voted, That the Rt. Rev'd the Bishop be requested to admon- 
ish the Rev'd David Perry of Ridgfield for his neglect in not 
attending the ftated Convocations & annual Conventions. And 
that the Secretary be directed to write to the Episcopal Parishes 
of Ridgfield, Danbury, & Reading acquainting them with the 
fame, & informing them, that unlefs the f.d Rev'd David Perry 
does attend the next annual Convention to be holden at Strat- 
ford the first Wednesday in June next, at 10. "clock A. M. he 
will be fuspended from his clerical office, on account of his 
contumacy. — 

Agreably to this Vote, the Rt. Rev'd the Bishop fent to the 
Rev'd David Perry a Letter of admonition, — of which the fol- 
lowing is a true copy: — 

Cheshire Nov 1 . 14, 1794. 
Rev'd Sir, 

In compliance with a request of the Clergy afsembled in 
Convocation at this place, & in purfuance of my own duty, I am 
to admonish you of your neglect in attending the meetings of 
your brethren, & on account of the apparent contempt you have 
thereby thrown on them, & on your Bishop, especially as you 
have been frequently put in mind of your duty in this respect, 
by their Secretary, at their particular instance. They wish to 
enquire of you concerning feveral reports which are circulating 

- 4 8- 

in the Country to your disadvantage as a Clergyman ; and 
unless you do attend on their next meeting according to the 
notification of their Secretary, a fuspension from your Clerical 
Office will be ifsued against you. 

I am, Rev'd Sir, your humble Serv 1 . 

S. Bp. Connect. & Rho. Ifl.- 
The Rev'd D. Perry. 

Adjourned without Day 


At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut 
holden in Stratford June 3 d . 1795. 

Prefent — 

The Rt. Rev. Bishop Seabury ; 

The Rev. Dr. Mansfield. Rev. Mefs rs . Clarke, Provid. 

Rev. Mefs rs . Hubbard Marsh 

Tyler Ogilvie 

Bowden Hart 

Shelton D. Perry 

Baldwin E. Blakslee 

Perry S. Blakslee 

Ives Butler, Deac 11 . 

Brunson Seabury, Deac 11 . 

Prayers read by Mr. Butler. 

Mr. Amos Purdee, after examination (by the Rev. Mefs rs . 
Shelton & Brunson) was admitted as a Candidate for Holy 
Orders. — 

Voted, To recommend Mr. Smith Miles, Mr. Caleb Childs, & 
Mr. Viets Griswold, to the Bishop, for the order of Deacons. 16 

Whereas the Rev. David Perry has requested of the Bishop 
& his Clergy in Convocation, liberty to resign the pastoral 
charge of the parishes of Ridgfield, Reading, & Danbury, as 
well as to relinquish totally the exercise of the Ecclesiastical 
Function — therefore — 

Voted, That his request be granted, & the resignation of his 
Letters of Orders be accepted. 

16 Note xvi. 


Mr. D. Perry was furnished with a Copy of this vote. 

Voted, That the Rev. Mefs rs . Ogilvie, Shelton, & Perry be a 
Committee, to make enquiry into the state of the parishes of 
Ridgfield, Reading & Danbury, in fuch way & manner, & at 
such time and place, as they (the s d . Committee) shall judge 
proper & expedient. — 

Adjourned without Day. — 

At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of Connecticut, 
holden at Bristol, Octb r . 21 st . & at Harwington Oct r . 22 — 1795. 

Present : 

The Rt. Rev. Dr. Seabury : — 

The Rev. Mefs rs . Hubbard Rev. Mefs rs . E. Blakslee 

Shelton S. Blakslee 

Baldwin Hart 

Perry Butler 

Ives Griswold 

Prindle -~ j Green 

Todd DeaCOnS I Miles 

A new Church (by the name of St. Matthew's Church) was 
consecrated, at Bristol, by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Seabury : — Who also 
preached an excellent Sermon on the occafion. 

The Rev. Mr. Griswold was admitted to the holy order of 

M r . Jonathan Bartlet, upon the report of the standing Com- 
mittee, was admitted as a Candidate for holy Orders; — $^°but 
soon changed his mind. 

Adjourned to meet at Harwington at 11. °cl. to morrow 
morning. — 

Thursday morning met as p r . adjournment. A New Church 
(by the name of St. Mark's Ch h .) was consecrated by the Bishop 
at Harwington, — who also preached the Consecration Sermon. — 

After divine Service met at M r . Bradley's 

Voted, That the Bishop be requested to compose two Collects, 
for the use of the Clergy in this State, one to be used at the 
sitting of the Gen 1 . Afsembly; — & the other to be used at the 
Courts, & that they be printed. — 17 

17 Note xvii. 


Voted, That we will pay the expence of Harry Bostwic's 
schooling till next June.— & that information shall be given to 
his friends, that his fupport will probably not be continued, 
unlefs some aid be afforded by the Laity. — 

Voted, That the Bishop be requested to recommend to the fev- 
eral Congregations in his Diocese, the making collections for the 
fupport of Harry Bostwick at the Academy. — 

Adjourned without Day 


At a Convention of the Clergy of the P. E. Church in Con- 
necticut, at Rev. Mr. Hubbard's N. Haven Oct r . 20 — 1796 — 


Rev. Dr. Mansfield 
Rev Mefs rs . Hubbard 

Rev Mefs rs . Brunson 







Smith, N. Port 

After divine Service performed in the Church by the Rev. Mr. 
Baldwin. — 

Refolved, That the Rev. Mr Butler be requested to inform the 
friends of Harry Bostwick, that if f.d Bostwick chooses not to 
pursue the Study of Divinity, we can do nothing further towards 
defraying the expence of his education. 

Refolved, That a Letter of thanks be written to the Bishop of 
Landaff, for his excellent Apology for the Bible, (in answer to 
Thorn 8 . Paine's Age of Reason) signed by the President & 
counterfigned by the Secretary in behalf of this Convention. — 

Refolved, That Rev. Mr. Baldwin be requested to draw up an 
addrefs agreeably to the foregoing resolve. — 

Refolved, That each Clergyman shall propose to his parish, or 
parishes, the making of a Collection, fome time previous to the 
next annual Convention, for defraying the expense of the 
Bishop Elect in obtaining Consecration. 


Resolved, That Rev. Mr. Bowden (Bishop Elect) be requested 
to folicit aid of fuch pious & charitable perfons, or focieties, as 
it may be convenient for him to make application to, in his Tour 
to Philadelphia, for the encouragement, fupport, & benefit of the 
Episcopal Academy in Connecticut. 

Refolved, That the standing Committee of this Church be 
requested to write a letter in answer to the Letter which they 
received from the Standing Committee of the Church in Rhode 
Island. — 

Refolved, That, in the opinion of this Convention, it is expe- 
dient that a Presbyter of this Church should attend the Bishop 
Elect to Philadelphia, when he shall go for Consecration. 

Voted, That the Rev. Mr. Baldwin be requested to attend the 
Bishop elect agreeably to the preceding Refolve : — And that an 
attempt be made to make provision for defraying his expences, 
in the manner before provided for defraying the expence of the 
Bp. Elect. — 

Adjourned to the next annual Convent 11 , of the Clerical & 
Lay Delegates — 


At a Convention of the Episcopal Clergy in Connecticut, 
holden at Derby on the I st . Wednesday of June 1797 

Prefent. — 

The Rev. Dr. Manfield, President. 
Rev. Mr. Hubbard Rev Mefs rs . Prindle 

Rev. Dr. Bowden Ives 

Rev. Dr. Smith Brunson 

Rev. Mefs rs . Shelton Marsh 

Baldwin E. Blakslee 

Perry S. Blakslee 


Rev. Mr. Butler read prayers. 
Rev. Mr. Marsh preached. 

Refolved, That the Secretary be directed to write to the Vestry 
of the Church in Salisbury, & desire them to inform the Stand- 


ing Committee of this Church, as to the truth of a report which 
has been circulated, that the Rev. Mr. Child has advanced fen- 
timents contrary to the doctrines of our Church. — 

Refolved, That the Rev. Mr. Marsh be requested to answer a 
Petition from a Church in Washington respecting certain Lands, 
which are claimed by faid Church, & also by the Church in 
Litchfield. — 

Refolved, That, if the Rev. Mr. Jarvis, the Bishop Elect, 
should go to Philadelphia for Consecration, the Rev. Mr. Bald- 
win be requested to attend him : — And that it be recommended 
to the feveral Churches in the State to have collections for 
defraying the expences of both, by the I st . Sunday in Aug*, next, 
& that the money be fent to the Rev. Mr. Hubbard by the 3 d . of 
s d . month. 

Refolved, That the Rev. Mr. Smith be requested to write to 
the Convention of the Church in Rhode-Island, & inform them, 
that we shall be happy to continue in union with them, under 
the episcopal care of the Rev. Mr. Jarvis, (our Bishop elect) as 
before under Bishop Seabury. 

Refolved, That the Rev. Mefs rs . Baldwin, Shelton & Smith be 
the ftanding Committee for the year enfuing. 

Adjourned fine die. 


At a meeting of the Bishop & Presbyters of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Connecticut* at the house of M r Thaddeus 
Clark at Oyster River on Wednesday the 22 d day of August 
1798.— 18 


Right Rev d Abraham Jarvis, Bishop. 
Doctor Jeremiah Learning 
Doctor Richard Mansfield 
Doctor John Bowden 
Mefs Hubbard 

Prindle. — 
18 Note xviii. 


M r Baldwin was chosen Secretary — 

Mefs Smith, Shelton & Baldwin were appointed a Committee 
to frame Articles of Religion to be laid before the next State 
Convention — 

M r Bethel Judd was recommended to the Bishop for Deacon's 
Orders. — 

M r Jasper D Jones was admitted a Candidate for holy 
Orders — 

Reverd M r . Baldwin was requested to address the President 
of the United States in behalf of this Convocation — 19 

Divine Service was attended at the Church in West Haven — 
Rev d M r Baldwin read prayers. The Bishop delivered a Ser- 
mon & attended Confirmation. — 

Convocation Adjourn'd Sine Die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 


At a Convocation of the Episcopal Clergy of the State of 
Connecticut holden at Derby on the 20 th . Nov. 1799 — 


The R*. Rev d . Bishop Jarvis. — 

D r . Bowden M r . Prindle 

Manffield Todd 

Hubbard Hart 

Smith Griswold 

M r . Shelton Butler 

Baldwin Bourhanse 

Iv*es White 

Brunson Judd — 

Rev d . D r . Hubbard read prayers, & 

R*. Rev d . the Bishop preached. 

Voted — that the thanks of this Convocation be presented to 
the Bishop for his Sermon this day delivered at the Confecration 
of the new Church, & that the Secretary be defired to deliver the 

Voted — that the Bishop with D r . Bowden, Mefs rs . Ives, Hub- 
bard & Brunson be a Committee for the purpose of framing a 

19 Note xix. 


Canon to regulate Clerical attendance upon State Conventions 
& Convocations ; — and also to addrefs certain clergymen of this 
Diocese upon the Subject of their neglect of those clerical 

R d . M r . Hart prefented a Vote pafsed by the Episcopal 
churches of Wethersfield & Worthington, adopting the Consti- 
tution of the Prot. Epifc. Ch. in this Diocese. 

The Secretary prefented an Office of Induction for the con- 
fideration of this houfe. 

The Convocation refolved itself into a Committee of the whole, 
D r . Bowden in the chair, in order to examine the proposed Office, 
paragraph by paragraph. 

The Chairman of the Committee reported to the President of 
Convocation, that the Committee approved of the proposed 

Voted — That the proposed Office of Induction be adopted by 
this houfe & that the thanks of the same be prefented to D r . Smith 
for the same — that it be printed without delay, & that the Bishop 
be defired to transmit a Copy of the same to the several 
Bishops in the U. S. & to the Standing Committees of those 
States, in which there are no Bishops. 20 

Voted — That Mefs rs . Shelton and Smith be Auditors to exam- 
ine & pafs M r . Baldwin's Acco u . of Conventional monies. — 

Adjourned fine die — 

William Smith Sec y 

[Two leaves have been left blank here. There was a meeting 
of the Clergy at New London, October 15, 1800.] 


At a Meeting of the Bishop & Clergy of the Diocese of Con- 
necticut in Convocation holden at (New Town) the 2 d . day of 
June 1 80 1 


Note xx. 


Right Rev d . Abraham Jarvis, Bishop of Con. 
Rev d . Mefs Mansfield DD 
Bowden DD 
Deacons Hubbard 

Judd Shelton 

Burges Baldwin 

Thatcher Prindle 

Jones Brown son 

Rogers Marsh 


Mr. Baldwin was appointed Secretary. 

M r . Camp & M r . Basfield petitioned to be admitted Candidates, 
and were negatived. — 

Capt Chittenden presented a Vote passed by the Episcopal 
Congregation in Salisbury, adopting the constitution of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of this Diocese. — 

The report of the Standing Committee upon the complaint 
exhibited to them against Deacon Caleb Childs, was agreed to 
by this Convocation and the Bishop was requested to publish 
his sentence of degradation in such way & manner as he shall 
judge proper. — 

Adjourned Sine Die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a meeting of the Bishop & Clergy of the Diocese of Connec- 
ticut^ in Convocation holeden at the City of Hartford the 10 th . 
day of Nov r . 1801. — 


Right. Rev d . Bishop Jarvis, D.D. 
Doctor Bowden 


Deacons Shelton 

Jones Baldwin 




Doctor Marsh 

M r . Baldwin was elected Secretary. — 

The following order of proceedings was agree'd upon for to 
morrow. — (viz) 

A procefsion from M r Reyner's to the Church. 

Consecration Service by the Bishop. 

Morning Service by M r Seabury 

Deed of Consecration by M r Burhans 

Induction Service by M r Shelton 

Sermon — by Mr Baldwin 

Convocation adjourn'd untill 9 OClock to morrow 

Opened agreeable to adjournment — when a procefsion was 
made agreeable to the order proposed last evening — from the 
house of M r Reyner to the Church — when the office of Conse- 
cration & Induction was performed — 21 After Dinner the Con- 
vocation met at M r Reyner's at 6 OClock P. M. — 

On motion, Voted that the Bishop present the thanks of Con- 
vocation to Mr. Baldwin for his Sermon delivered before them 
this day. — 

Voted, That the Rev d . M r Hubbard be requested to call on 
Deacon Bradley, & demand his Letters of Orders. — 

Voted that M r Whitlock be requested to call on Deacon Bel- 
den, & enquire of him whether he intends to relinquish his 
Clerical Office & if he intends to do so, demand his Letters of 
Orders — and if he does not intend to give up his Letters, that 
M r Whitlock inform him of the Cannon of degradation, pafsed 
by the last General Convention. — 

Resolved — That Mefs Tyler, Seabury, & Rogers be a Com- 
mittee to call on M r Solomon Blakesley & enquire of him the 
reasons for his not attending the State Conventions & Convo- 
cations. — 

Adjournd Sine Die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 

21 Note xxi. 


[The following, on a slip of paper, is pinned into the book : 
On motion 

Resolved, that the Rev d . Ammi Rogers produce Testi- 
monials from the Brethren in the State of New York, previous 
to his taking a seat in the Convocation. 

Ordered, that the above be kept on file, but not entered 
on the Journals. — ] 


At a Meeting of the Bishop & Clergy in Convocation holden 
at Cheshire at the house of the Rev d . Reuben Ives April 12 th . 


Bishop Jarvis 

Doctor Mansfield 











Perry. — 





E. Rogers 



Mr. Baldwin was chosen Secretary 

A petition from Rev d Evan Rogers was presented to the Con- 
vocation, to be removed from his Parish at Hebron, which was 
granted. Yeas 15 — Nays 3 — 

Adjourned Sine Die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, & Deacons of the 
Diocese of Connecticut! holden at the house of the Rev d . 
Ambrose Tood in Huntington on Wednesday the 2 d . day of 
June 1802 

- 5 8- 

Bishop Jarvis 
Doctor Mansfield 
Doctor Smith 




Brownson Deacons 

Todd Brownson 




B urges 


M r Baldwin was chosen Secretary. — 

The Bishop presented the following fentence of degradation 
which was agreed to by the Convocation, directed to be read 
publickly in the Churches of Stamford, Norwalk & Canaan, & 
orderd to be recorded by the Secretary — 

Whereas Caleb Childs Deacon, hath been accused of holding 
Errors in Faith & of being guilty of immoralities & vices injur- 
ious to Christianity & disgraceful to the Character of a Clergy- 
man. — And whereas a Committee hath been appointed to hear 
and consider the truth & merits of the Facts, exhibited in charge 
against him, whose fummons for that purpose he utterly disre- 
garded, & treated the whole ecclesiastical Authority with pub- 
lick and avowed contempt — And whereas the Committee afore- 
said, after a fair and full examination, have reported, that the 
crimes and misdemeanors charged upon him, were clearly & 
fully proved. From all which it appears that he hath rendered 
himself unworthy of the office of a Deacon. — Therefore by these 
presents, be it known unto all whom it may concern, that the 
s d Caleb Childs, is degraded from the exercise of the office of 
a Deacon, & is hereby forbidden to execute the same in any 
instance whatever in future — Of which, all Churches in the 
Diocese & all the Ministers thereof are called upon to take 
proper notice. — Done in Convocation at Huntington this 3 d . 
day of June 1802, & in the 5 th . year of our Consecration 

Abraham Bishop Conect. — 

Convocation adjourned sine die. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 



At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, & Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in Connecticut holden at the 
house of James Clark Esq r . in Danbury on the I st . day of June 


Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis D.D. — 
Rev d . Doctor Mansfield 
Bela Hubbard 
Philo Shelton 
Ashbel Baldwin 
Tillotson Brownson 
Chauncey Prindle 
Ambrose Todd 
Truman Marsh 
Charles Seabury 
David Butler 
Daniel Burhans 

Visiting Brethren 

Rev d Joseph Warren 

Rev d Amos Pardee 

Deacon Abraham Brownson. — 

Rsolved that the Rev d M r . Hubbard, Rev d M r . Shelton & 
the Rev d . M r . Baldwin be a Committee to receive any informa- 
tion from M r . Rogers, & the Lay Delegates accompanying him, 
which they may wish to communicate to the Convocation & 
report thereupon. — 

Resolved that the Bishop of this Diocese be requested to 
require of the Rev d Ammi Rogers that he produce Testimonials 
from the Bishop & standing Committee in the State of New 
York previous to his being admitted a member of this Convo- 
cation. — -- 

Convocation adjounrd untill 8 OClock to morrow morning. — 

Thursday Morning. — 

On motion from M r . Shelton — Resolved that the Secretary, 
transmit to the Parishes of Branford, Wallingford, & East- 
Haven the resolve of this Convocation, respecting the Rev d . 
Ammi Rogers. — 

Convocation adjourned Sine Die. — 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 
22 Note xxii. 

— 60 — 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, and Deacons of the 
Episcopal Church of Connecticutt holden at the house of M r 
Steele in Chewstown, Derby on the 5 th . day of October 1803 

Present. — 

Right Rev d Bishop Jarvis 
Rev d Doctor Mansfield 
Rev d Bela Hubbard 
Rev d Doctor Smith 
Rev d Philo Shelton 
Rev d Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d Tillitson Brownson 
Rev d Reuben Ives 
Rev d Ambrose Todd 
Rev d . David Butler 
Rev d Solomon Blakesley 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Henry Whitlock 
Rev d Alexander V Griswold 

Divine Service was attended in the Church 

Mr Whitlock read prayers — M r Butler delivered a Sermon — 
After fervice the members of the Convocation convened at the 
house of M r Steele. — 

On Motion, Voted that the Bishop be requested to return 
thanks to M r Butler for his Sermon delivered before the Con- 
vocation. — 

Voted that M r Samuel Griswold be recommended to the 
Bishop for holy Orders. — 

Voted that the Testimonials presented by Joshua Dudley 
Esq re . in behalf of the Rev d . Ammi Rogers, are not (in the 
opinion of this Convocation), agreeable to the requirements, 
made in their resolve pafsed at Danbury. 

Voted the thanks of this Convocation to President, & Secre- 
tary for their attendance & Services. 

Convocation Adjourned Sine. Die. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. — 

— 6i— 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, and Deacons of the 
Episcopal Church, in Convocation at the house of the Rev d 
Truman Marsh in Litchfield on the 6 th . day of June 1804 — • 


Right Rev d Bishop Jarvis D D 
Rev d . Bela Hubbard 

John Tyler 

William Smith D D Visiting Brethren 

Philo Shelton Rev d Amos Pardee 

Ashbel Baldwin Dea n Samuel Griswold 

Chauncey Prindle 

Reuben Ives 

Tillotson Brownson 

Charles Seabury 

David Butler 

Truman Marsh 

Menzies Rayner 

Daniel Burhans 

Henry Whitlock 

Nathan B Burgis 
Deacon Clemment Meriam 

Convocation adjourned untill 7 OClock to morrow morn- 

Thursday 7 OClock A. M. Convocation opened agreeable to 

Rev d Ashbel Baldwin chosen Secretary. — 
On motion 

Voted that Mefs Baldwin, Burhans Rayner, Smith, & Ives be 
a committee to digest some plan for the future publication of 
the Churchman's Magazine, & report to this Convocation. — 23 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock P M. — 

Thursday 8 o'clock P. M.— 
Convocation opened agreeable to adjourn*. 
The Committee appointed to digest a plan for publishing the 
Magazine, reported, that in their opinion, it would be advisable 
23 Note xxiii. 


for the Convocation to appoint a permanent Committee, to meet 
as often as it shall be necessary at Cheshire & New Haven, to 
superintend the publishing the Churchman's Ma[ga]zine, which 
Committee shall be entitled to a reasonable compensation for 
their services, when the profits arising from the publication will 
admit of it. — The above report was accepted by the Convocation 
& Mefs Smith Ives, Baldwin, Meriam, Shelton, Brownson 
Burhans & Rayner were appointed the Committee — 

On Motion, Resolved unanimously, that the Bishop, be re- 
quested to degrade Deacon Bradley from the office of Deacon. — 

On Motion, Resolved unanimously, that the Bishop be re- 
quested to suspend the Rev d Ammi Rogers from the use of the 
Churches in this Diocese. — 

Convocation voted thanks to the President & Secretary for 
their attendance & fervices 

Convocation Adjourned fine die. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 

At a meeting of the Bishop & Presbyters of the Protestant 
Epis. Church of Connecticut in Convocation at the house of 
the Rev d . Doctor William Smith in Cheshire on the 3 d . day of 
October 1804 


Right Rev d Bishop Jarvis 

' Rev d . Bela Hubbard D. D. 
Rev d . William Smith D. D. 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Visiting Brethre[n] Rev d . Chauncy Prindle 

Rev d . Bethuel Chittenden Rev d . Tillotson Brownson 
Rev d . Calvin White. Rev d . Ambrose Todd 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 

Rev d A Baldwin was chosen Secretary. — 

A procefsion was formed by the Clergy & the Students of the 
Academy, & moved from the Academy to the Episcopal Church, 
where Divine Service was attended. — Rev d M r . Rayner read 

-6 3 ~ 

Prayers, & the Rev d . M r Burhans delivered a Sermon before 
the Convocation. — 

Met at the house of Doctor Smith and adjourned untill 6 
OClock P. M.— 

6 OClock P. M.— 

Met agreeable to adjournment. — 

Mefs Baldwin, Ives, Brownson, Burhans, Shelton, Rayner, 
& Burgis, were appointed as Committee to negotiate with a 
Printer to publish the Churchman's Magazine the ensuing Year 
& also to contract with an Editor for the same, & it is to be 
understood that any five of the above named Persons may form 
a quorum for transacting the businefs. 

Bishop Jarvis presented a sentence of degradation against the 
Rev d Ammi Rogers which was unanimously approved of, and 
ordered the same to be published in usual Form. — 24 

Voted the thanks of Convocation to the President & Secretary 
for their attendance & fervices. — 

Convocation adjourned fine die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

By the Bishop of Connecticut 
The Rev d . Ammi Rogers, now residing in the Diocese hath for 
a long time conducted himself in such a way as is contrary to 
the rules of the Church, & disgraceful to his Office, therefore, by 
the advice, & at the desire of the Clergy of Connecticut, We 
the Bishop, do by these presents forbid, & direct the Clergy of 
this Diocese to forbid the s d . Rogers in future to officiate in their 
Churches & within their Parishes, & in all vacant Parishes the 
Wardens are desired to do the same, an[d] the Congregations 
are exhorted not to give countenance to a Man whose disorderly 
& refractory conduct is subversive of the harmony & peace of 
the Church. — 

Abraham, Bishop of Conct. 
New Haven, June II th . 1804 
A true Coppy of the Bishops Circular 

24 Note xxiv. 

Ashbel Baldwin 

Secretary of Convocation 

— 64 — 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, and Deacon of the 
Episcopal Church in Connecticut in Convocation, holden at the 
house of the Rev d . Clemment Merriam in the city of Middle- 
town on the 4 th . day of June 1805 — 


Right Rev d Bishop Jarvis D. D. 

Rev d Doctor Bela Hubbard 

Rev d Doctor William Smith 

Rev d . Philo Shelton 

Rev d Ashbel Baldwin 

Rev d C[h]auncey Pr indie 

Rev d Tillotson Brownson 
Deacons Rev d Reuben Ives 

Clement Merriam Rev d Truman Marsh 
Asa Cornwall Rev d . Charles Seabury 

Samuel Griswold Rev d . Nathan B Burgis 

Rev d Henry Whitlock 

Rev d Menzies Rayner 

Rev d Ambrose Todd 
Rev d Nathan B. Burgis 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans 

Rev d Smith Miles 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow morning — 
Met agreeable to adjournment. 

Mefs Deacon Clement Merriam 
Deacon Samuel Griswold 
Deacon Hilliar 

were recommended to the Bishop for the order of Priests. — 

Mefs Duncan 


were recommended to the Bishop for the order of Deacons. — 

Voted Thanks to the President & Secretary for their Attend- 
ance & Services. — 

Convocation adjourned Sine. die. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, and Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Connecticut^ in Convocation, 
holden at the house of the Widow Sarah Munday, in Stamford 
on Tuesday the 14 th . day of October 1805. — 


Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis. D.D. 

Rev d . Bela Hubbard. D.D. 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Chauncy Prindle 
Visiting Brethren Rev d Tillotson Brownson 

Rev d John H Hobart Rev d . Ambrose Todd 
New York. Rev d . Daniel Burhans 

Rev d . Evan Rogers Rev d . Calvin White 

Rye. — Rev d . Henry Whitlock 

Deacon Rufsell Wheeler 
Deacon Buckley. 

Rev d M r Baldwin was elected Secretary. 

Resolved that the Rev d . John H Hobart from New York, & 
the Rev. Evan Rogers from Rye be requested to take their 
seats in the Convocation as visiting Brethren. — 

Resolved that Notification be given to Mefs Cary Leeds, 
Alexander Bishop, David Marsh, David Waterbury, Isaac 
Hawley, & others in Stamford, who are disfatisfied with the 
ecclesiastical proceedings of this Diocese, in regard to M r Ammi 
Rogers, that the Convocation are now in fefsion, & that if they 
are desirous of having any interview with the Convocation, 
they will have an opportunity of being heard at 10 OClock 
A. M. to morrow at the place where the Convocation is now in 
Session, or such other place as shall be agree'd upon. — 

Resolved that Notification be given to M r Cary Leeds, that 
the Convocation are willing to enter into a conference with him, 
on the subject of the ecclesiastical proceeding of this Diocese, 
in regard to M r Am[m]i Rogers at 10 OClock, A. M. to 
morrow at the place of the present fefsion, or any other place 
that may be agreed upon. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock A. M. to morrow. — 


Wednesday 8 OClock A. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. — 
Upon a Communication received from M r . Cary Leeds. — 
Mefs Rev d Ambrose Todd & Daniel Burhans were appointed a 
Committee, to inform M r . Cary Leeds that the Convocation are 
now ready to enter into a conference with him, respecting the 
ecclesiastical proceedings of this State, in regard to M r Ammi 
Rogers. — 

By request from the Convocation the Bishop transmitted to 
M r Cary Leeds & others the following requisition (viz) — 

Mefs Cary Leeds, Isaac Holly, Alexander Bishop &c. 

Gentlemen — "As I am informed that you have the Key 
"of St John's Church in your keeping, & on the present occa- 
sion, having need of the use of the Church, for the convenience 
"of the Convocation now afsembled in this Town, it is requested 
"that you send the key of s d . Church to the Bishop for the above 
"purpose. — Your compliance in this particular will be in strict 
"conformity to ecclesiastical duty. — 

Abraham. — Bishop — Connecticut!. 

Stamford October 16 th . 1805. 

The Committee appointed to have a conference with M r 
Cary Leeds & others, made the following report — (viz) That 
they had attended to the subject of their appointment, & that 
M r Leeds informed them that he could have no personal con- 
ference with the Convocation: — 

The following Communication was made by the Bishop, to 
M r . Ammi Rogers by the request of the Convocation. — 

Stamford Oct 1 . 16 th . 1805. 

I have this morning requested Mefs Cary Leeds, Isaac 
Hawley, & Alexander Bishop to deliver me the Key's of St 
John's Church in Stamford for the purpose of holding a Con- 
vocation in s d . Church — to which I have received for answer, 
that the s d . keys are exclusively subject to your controul — As 
Bishop of the Diocese of Connecticut, I now direct you to 
deliver me the Keys of said Church. 

Abraham — Bishop — Connecticut. 

-6 7 - 

Resolved — That M r . Cary Leeds be informed that they have 
just received a communication from him ; & acquaint him that 
they have an important communication to make him upon the 
subject of his last letter, which they will be ready to give him 
at 7 OClock this Evening. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 6 OClock P. M. 

6 OClock P. M. 

Convocation Met agreeable to adjournment. 

Mefs Rev d . Philo Shelton, Rev d . Daniel Burhans & Rev d . 
Tillotson Brownson were appointed a Committee to draft an 
answer to the last communication from Cary Leeds to this 
Convocation. — 

The Committee appointed to draft an answer to the last 
communication from Cary Leeds — made the following report, 
which was unanimously approved of, ordered to be engrofsed 
upon the journals of the Convocation, & a coppy thereof to be 
immediately sent to M r . Cary Leeds, which was accordingly 

To Carey Leeds, Alexander Bishop & others who are disfat- 
isfied with the ecclesiastical proceedings of the Bishop & Clergy 
of the Diocese of Connecticut in regard to M r . Ammi Rogers. — 

The Bishop & Clergy of the diocese of Connecticut sincerely 
desirous, to promote the peace & preserve the authority of the 
church have met at Stamford in the hope that by a friendly 
conference with you, it would be in their power to satisfy you 
of the propriety and duty of submitting to the sentence pro- 
nounced upon M r Ammi Rogers. — They regret that your refusal 
to engage in a personal conference has prevented that full, & 
fair discufsion of the subject, which in every point of view was 
so desirable. — By persons who profess themselves Churchmen, in 
principles & in practice ; they still cherish the hope that the fol- 
lowing statement of facts from the authority of the church will 
be duly regarded. — It appears from page 17 of the journals of 
the house of Bishops a copy of which we herewith transmit to 
you ; that on Friday Sep r . 14 1804 — "a memorial was laid on the 
table from the Rev Ammi Rogers, accompanied with sundry doc- 
ument, and a letter requesting that a day may be appointed for 
the consideration of the points therein stated" — And it further 


appears that the following Monday was afsigned for the pur- 
pose, & notice thereof given to M r Rogers. — From page 19, it 
appears, that the house of Bishops resolved to go into an inves- 
tigation of the matters which M r . Rogers had bro't before them, 
in presence of such members of the house of Clerical & Lay 
Deputies as should pofsefs any information on the subject. — 
From page 20 it appears that the Clerical members from the 
state of Connecticut were admitted to a hearing on the subject 
of M r . Rogers in his presence, documents on both sides were 
read, and a hearing was given to the parties concerned — From 
page 21 & 22 it appears that in consequence of an application 
from M r Rogers made in the absence of the clergy from Con- 
necticut ; the house of Bishops resolved that nothing should be 
done in the businefs except in the presence of both parties, & 
that on a further application of a Clerical Member from Connec- 
ticut, both parties were introduced on the following day, & a 
further hearing was given. — From page 23 it appears that at 7 
OClock of the same day the house of Bishops met, & that the 
Right Rev d Bishop White, the Right Rev d Bishop More, & the 
Right Rev d Bishop Parker were present, & that the Bishops 
came to a determination of which the following is an extract — 
"After a full inquiry &c. — to degradation from the minis- 
try"— 24 

By recurring to the Journals, you will find that the above is 
an impartial statement of facts, & that the following particulars 
undeniably result from it — M r . Ammi Rogers brought this busi- 
nefs himself before the house of Bishops, & in the words of his 
memorial declared that — "he has never shunned investigation, 
but on the contrary has always requested it, and now prays that 
a candid & impartial enquiry may be made as to his conduct and 
character" — It appears that M r . Rogers presented to the house 
his documents ; and that a full hearing of the case, was at dif- 
ferent times made in the presence of both parties ; that M r 
Rogers confirmed the wish that he exprefsed for an enquiry by 
always attending for the purpose. And it was not untill the 
close of the enquiry, & untill he had reason to fear the unfavor- 
able result to himself, that he exprefsed to the Bishops that he 
did not wish them to Come to any decision. — Now as persons 
deeply interested for the peace of the church, & your spiritual 

24 Note xxiv. 

welfare, we intreat your conscientious attention to the follow- 
ing considerations. — Can you suppose, that if M r Rogers did 
not wish for an enquiry into his conduct by the house of 
Bishops ; he would have permitted them to engage in it. without 
entering his solemn protest against it? Can you suppose that 
the Right Revd. Bishop White whose impartiality and mildness 
are so universally acknowledged, That Bishop More, who had 
been represented by M r . Rogers, as friendly to him — that Bishop 
Parker, who had just made his solemn vows at the Altar, would 
have forced M r . Rogers to an enquiry if he had not solicited it ; 
would declare that they had made a full enquiry, and fair exam- 
ination of the subject, if such enquiry & examination had not 
been made? — Can you suppose that these Bishops of the 
church, would have violated every obligation of truth & justice 
as well as the most solemn vows of office, by condemning an 
innocent man? — Could Mr. Rogers have had a trial before a 
more impartial tribunal? — Or can you suppose that after the 
house of Bishops, had made a full enquiry, & pronounced their 
opinion, any thing else was left to the Bishop of Connecticut 
than to carry their decision into effect? M r Rogers made an 
appeal to the house of Bishops — They tho't proper to investi- 
gate his conduct & to pronounce a decision. — The cannons of 
the church of Connecticut in regard to the trial of Clergymen 
could here have no operation. — The Bishop of Connecticut was 
the agent to carry the decision of the house of Bishops into 
effect — M r Rogers has been solemnly degraded from the minis- 
try after a full investigation of his conduct, & a discission in 
regard to him by the highest authority of the Church — We 
entreat you as friends to the peace of society & the order & har- 
mony of the church ; we entreat you by your character as 
Church [men] — by the memory of your forefather who cherished 
the church with inviolable fidelity — we entreat you by the 
prospect of that awful tribunal at which all mankind must be 
judged, to regard the divine injunction — "Hear the church" — 
In the language of the Apostle we exhort you, Brethren, 'Tut 
from you that unworthy person" — Remember the injunction of 
our Lord — "If any man refuse to hear the church, let him be 
unto you as a heathan man & a publican" — In the spirit of 
meeknefs & affection we entreat you "Rend not that divine 
body the church which your Redeemer purchased with his 


blood — For ourselves we most solemnly declare, that mindful 
of the comifsion given to us by our divine Master, & relying 
on his promise, that He will be with His church alway, even to 
the end of the world, we shall esteem it our sacred duty to pre- 
serve inviolate the authority committed to us, — And we trust 
that what is there "done" by the lawful Governors of the church 
"on Earth will be ratified in Heaven" — 

Tillotson Brownson Chairman of Commi. 

Rev d Tillotson Brownson, Doctor Bela Hubbard & Rev d 
Ashbel Baldwin were appointed a Committee with full power 
to confer with Oliver Steele & Co printers of the Churchmans 
Magazine on the subject of a future publication of s d . Maga- 
zine. — 

Mefs Rev d A Baldwin, Rev d P Shelton, Rev d A Todd, & Rev d 
D Burhans were appointed a Committee to publish such part 
or parts of the Journals of the present Convocation as they shall 
think proper. — 25 

Mefs Rev d A Baldwin, Rev d P Shelton, Rev d A Todd & Rev d 
D Burhans were appointed a Committee to publish a history of 
the ecclesiastical proceedings, in regard to M r Ammi Rogers. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 9 OClock A. M. to morrow. — 

Thursday Morning 9 OClock A. M. — 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. — 

Resolved — That M r Carey Leeds be informed that the Con- 
vocation have received his communication of October 16 th . 
accompanied with a certain vote of a meeting held at St John's 
Church in Stamford on the 27 th . day of May 1805 attested by 
Isaac Holly Jn r . by which they have declared that they are not 
under the direction nor ameniable to the Authority of any 
Bishop. — This Convocation have therefore no further commu- 
nications to make to M r Leeds on this subject. — 

Resolved. That this Convocation have a grateful sense of 
the attention of their Brethren in the Diocese of the State of 
New York, by requesting several Presbyters of their body, to 
make a Visit to this Convocation, with a view to promote a 
friendly intercourse, & that this Convocation will most cheer- 
fully unite with them in promoting that desirable Object. — 

26 Note xxv. 


Resolved — That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Con- 
vocation to give information to the Bishop of the state of New 
York of the time & place of their meetings. — 

Rev d M r A Baldwin, Rev Doctor Hubbard & Rev d . P Shelton 
were requested to attend the next Convocation in the State of 
New York. — 

Voted the thanks of Convocation to the President & Secretary 
for their attendance & fervices. — 

Convocation Adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, and Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Connecticut holden at the 
house of the Rev d . Reuben Ives in Cheshire on the 3 d . day of 
June 1806. — 

Present — Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis D D. 

Rev d . Bela Hubbard D D 

Rev d . William Smith D D 

Rev d . John Tyler 

Rev d . Philo Shelton 

Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 

Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 

Rev d . Tillotson Brownson 

Rev d . Reuben Ives 

Rev d . Charles Seabury 
Deacons Rev d . Solomon Blakeley 

Rufsel Wheeler Rev d . Truman Marsh 
Roger Searl Rev d . Menzies Rayner 

Virgil. H Barber. Rev d . Clement Merriam 

Rev d . Charles White 

Rev d . Henry Whitlock 

Rev d Ashbel Baldwin was chosen Secretary. — 

On motion by Mr. Baldwin — Resolved, that in future no 

person shall be considered as a Candidate in this Diocese, untill 

he has been examined by the Bishop, or such of his Presbyters 

as he may appoint and that previous to any such examination 


being had the person offering himself to become a Candidate, 
shall have studied with the Bishop, the Principal of the Acad- 
emy or some other Presbyter in the Diocese at least one year, if 
he has received the honors of some College, or incorporate 
Academy, or the term of two Years if he has not received such 
honors. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 6 OClock A. M. to morrow. — 

Thursday Morning 6 OClock 
Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. — 
But as there appeared to be no businefs, to be laid before 
them, it was adjourned without day. — 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a meeting of the Bishop & Presbyters of the Protestant 

Episcopal Church in Connecticutt holden at the house of the 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans in NewTown the 7 th . day of October 

Right Rev d . A Jarvis D D 

Rev d . Doctor Mansfield 
Rev d . Doctor Hubbard 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Deacons Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 

Rufsel Wheeler Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 

Virgil H Barber Rev d Tillotson Brownson 

Rev d Reuben Ives 
Visiting Brethren Rev d . Truman Marsh 

Jonathan Judd Rev d . Daniel Burhans 

from the State of Rev d . Calvin White 

New York — Rev d Minzies Rayner 

Rev d . Roger Searie 

Rev d Ashbel Baldwin was chosen Secretary. 

Voted that all regular Clergymen, belonging to the Episcopal 
Church, who may be present during the fession, be invited to 
take a seat as visiting Brethren. — 

The Rev d Truman Marsh, Rev d Menzies [Rayner,] Rev d 
Ashbel Baldwin & Rev d . Tillotson Brownson were appointed a 
Committee to enquire into the state of the Church in the Diocese 
& report to this or the next Convocation. — 

Convocation adjourned untill to morrow at 8 OClock A. M. — 


Wednesday 8 O Clock A. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to Adjournment. 
Convocation adjourned untill 6 OClock P. M. — 

6 o'clock P. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. — 

Whereas the Convention of the Episcopal Church holden at 
NewTown this 8 th . day of October, decided that they were not 
competent to judge respecting the suspension & degradation of 
Ammi Rogers. — 

Resolved by the Convocation that in their opinion the only 
proper board for redrefs of grievances complained of by s d 
Rogers in consequence of his suspension & degradation is the 
House of Bishops, to whose decifsion the Convocation are ever 
ready to submit. — 

Rv d M r Brownson, Rev d M r . Whitlock & Rev d M r Rayner 
be appointed a committee to write to Bishop White, Bishop 
Clagget, & Bishop Moore & request their opinion on the sub- 
ject of Ammi Rogers — 

Leave of Absence was granted to the Rev d . M r . Baldwin dur- 
ing the remainder of the Sefsion 

Rev d . Mr. Shelton appointed Secretary Pro. Tern. 

The committee appointed to write to the Bishops, reported the 
following letter, which was directed to be signed by the secre- 
tary & transmitted to the several Bishops who were present at 
the last General Convention. — 

Right Rev d Sir.— 
The Bishop of Connecticutt with the advice of his Presbyters 
in Convocation afsembled at Cheshire in the Month of October 
of the Year 1804, pafsed sentence of degredation against M r 
Ammi Rogers. In taking this step, the Bishop conceived him- 
self warranted by the proceedings had with regard to the said 
M r Rogers before the House of Bishops at New York. — This 
opinion was formed on the consideration of the full, & solemn 
hearings that were given to M r Rogers & the Delegation from 
Connecticutt: & on the conceived impropriety of again calling 
in question facts which the highest ecclesiastical authority in 
our Church, had said were proved. — Having nothing in view, as 
is hoped & believed, but the honour of God's Church & the pros- 


perity of true religion, it is found with regret that a different 
opinion has been exprefsed by two of the members of the house 
of Bishops ; in their affidavits given to M r Rogers ; which has 
exposed the Church in Connecticut to much inconvenience & 
trouble, & the danger of an unhappy fcism greatly increased by 
the efforts now carried on by the s d M r Rogers & his adherents. 

If these evils are to be ascribed to the Governors of the 
Church in Connecticut in consequence of their erroneous con- 
clusions from what was done at New York, they flatter them- 
selves that it was the error of the head, & not of the heart; 
But however this may be, they stand ready to be corrected by 
the competent authority. — And being disposed to do every thing 
in their power for the peace of the Church they do hereby 
request that you will, in conjunction, with the other Bishops 
concerned, transmit a statement of your view of the whole sub- 
ject, together with your advice to Connecticut, how it would be 
prudent in the present state of things, to proceed ; & particu- 
larly whether it would be advisable to give M r Rogers a new 
Trial on the ground of Nulity in the act of degradation. 

Your advice on this, or any other point, that may tend to 
remove the unhappy embarasments, under which the Church is 
laboring will be thankfully received & seriously weighed, & 
considered. — 

Convocation adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters and Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Connecticutt holden at the 
house of Deacon Rufsel Wheeler in Watertown on the 2 d . Day 
of June 1807. — 

Present Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis 
Rev d . John Tyler 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Deacons — Rev d Chauncey Prindle 

Rufsel Wheeler Rev d . Tillitson Brownson 

Cornwall Rev d Reuben Ives 

Horace V Barber Rev d . Truman Marsh 


Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d Menzies Rayner 

Rev d Henry Whitlock 

Rev d Nathan B Burgis 

Rev d . M r Buckley from Poukeepsiee in the State of New 
York was present & requested to take a seat. — 

Rev d M r Baldwin was chosen Secretary. — 

A letter from the Rev d Doctor Hobart of New York, respect- 
ing the Churchmans Magazine was read — & Mefs the Rev d . M r . 
Shelton, Rev d M r Marsh, & the Rev d Mr Brownson were 
appointed a committee to answer the same. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 7 OClock to Morrow Morn- 

Wednesday June 3 d . 7 OClock A M. 

Convocation opened agreeable to the adjournment 

Letters from Bishop White, Bishop Clagget, & Bishop More 
were read, and ordered to be kept on file. — 

An Addrefs from Ammi Rogers to the Convocation was read, 
and ordered to be kept on file. — 

Voted the thanks of the Convocation to the Rev d Daniel 
Burhans for his sermon delivered at the Ordination of the Rev d 
M r Wheeler.— 

Convocation Adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters & Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Connecticut, in Convocation 
holden at the house of the Rev d . John Tyler in Norwich on the 
7 th day of October 1807. — 

Right Rev d Bishop Jarvis D. D. 
Rev d Bela Hubbard D. D. 
Rev d John Tyler 
Rev d Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d Truman Marsh 
Rev d Charles Seabury 
Rev d Daniel Burhans 
Rev d Menzies Rayner 
Rev d Asa Cornwal 



Rev d Elijah G Plum 
Rev d David Baldwin 
Rev d Benj n Burham 

Visiting Brethren 

Rev d . Alexander V Griswold — Bristol 
Deacon John Ward — NewPort 

On motion — Voted, that the Rev d M r Griswold & Deacon 
John Ward from the Diocese of Rode Iseland be requested to 
take a seat in this Convocation as visiting Brethren. — 

Voted, That in future the Deacons shall be admitted to vote 
in Convocation, in all cases excepting when the Bishop decides 
it will be improper for them to act. — 

Voted That Bishop Jarvis, Mefs Baldwin & Burhans be 
appointed a Committee with full powers to secure a copy rite 
for the Churchman's magazine, for the Bishop & Clerg[y] of 
this Diocese, upon condition such copy rite can be legally 
secured to them & upon condition such a measure shall meet 
with the approbation of the clergy in New York — and that they 
be empowered by this body, to negociate with the Printers, & 
others concerned the manner of its future publication. — 25 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock tomorrow morning. 

Thursday Morning 8 OClock 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment 

Convocation adjourned to attend publick fervice. 

A Procession was made to Christs Church, when Morning 

Prayers were said by the Rev d Asa Cornwal, & a Sermon was 

delivered by the Rev d Menzies Rayner. — 

Thursday 6 OClock P. M. 

On motion. — Voted the thanks of this Convocation to the 
Rev d M r Rayner for his sermon delivered before them. — 

Voted the thanks of the Convocation, to the President & Sec- 
retary for their attendance, and services. — 

Convocation adjourned without day 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 
85 Note xxv. 



At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters & Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in Connecticut in Convocation 
holden at the house of the Rev d Henry Whitlock in Norwalk 
on the 30 th . day of August 1808. — 

Right Rev d Bishop Jarvis D. D. 

Rev d Bela Hubbard D. D. 
Visiting Brethren Rev d Philo Shelton 

from Maryland Rev d Afhbel Baldwin 

Rev d John Kewley M.D. Rev d Daniel Burhans 
Rev d Bethel Judd Rev d Menzies Rayner 

from New York State Rev d . Calvin White 
Rev d . George Strebeck Rev d Asa Cornwall 

Rev d Evan Rogers Rev d Henry Whitlock 

Rev d Ambrose Todd 

Deacons — 
Rev d Elijah G Plumb 
Rev d Benjamin Benham 
Rev d Zalmon Wheaton 

The Rev d Ashbel Baldwin was elected Secretary. — 

The Rev d John Kewley of Chester Parish & the Rev d . Bethel 
Judd of St Ann's at Anapolis in Maryland were present & 
requested to take a Seat in Convocation as visiting Brethren. — 

Voted, that the Committee appointed at the last Convocation 
respecting the Churchman's Magazine be discharged from any 
further consideration of that subject. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow Morning. — 

Wednesday 8 OClock A. M. 
Convocation opened agreeable to adjournment 
The Rev d . George Strebeck from New York & the Rev d Evan 

Rogers from Rye were present, & were requested to take their 

seats as visiting Brethren. 

Convocation adjourned to attend publick Service. — 
Morning Prayers were read by the Rev d . Menzies Rayner & 

a sermon was delivered by the Rev d . Daniel Burhans & Deacons 

Benjamin Benham & Elijah G Plumb were admitted to the holy 

Order of Priests. — 

- 7 8- 

Wednesday 5 OClock P. M. 
Convocation opened in due form. — 

The Rev d . Henry Whitlock & the Rev d Salmon Wheaton were 
requested by the Convocation to attend the Convocation in New 

Voted the thanks of this Convocation to the Rev d Daniel 
Burhans for his Sermon delivered before them. — 

Voted the thanks of Convocation to the President and Secre- 
tary for their attendance & fervices. 

Adjourned sine Die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 


A Convocation of the Presbyters of the Episcopal Church in 
Connecticut was holden at the house of Cap fc . Timothy Johnson 
in Guilford on the 6 th . day of June 1809 — 


Rev d . John Tyler — President 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Tillotson Brovvnson 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Rev d . Truman Marsh 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Nathan B Burges 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler 
Rev d . Benjamin Benham 
Rev d . Virgil H Barber 
Rev d . John Kewley 
Rev d . David Baldwin 

Visiting Brethren. 

Rev d Abraham Beach D. D. from New York 
Rev d Abraham Brownson from Vermont 

Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin was elected Secretary. — 
Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow Morning. — 


Wednesday Morning 8 OClock 
Convocation meet agreeable to the Adjournment. 

Rev d . Elijah G. Plumb 
Rev d . Charles Seabury 
Rev d . Philo Shelton ) took their seats.- 

Resolved that the Rev d Doctor Beach & the Rev d . M r . Brown- 
son he requested to take their seats with the Convocation as 
visiting Brethren during its present fefsion. — 

On motion by M r . Ives, resolved unanimously that the Bishop 
be requested to appoint a meeting of Convocation at Cheshire 
on the First Wednesday of October next. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 7 OClock P. M. for the purpose 
of attending publick service in the Church — A procefsion was 
then formed from the house of Capt Johnson to the Episcopal 
Church by the Clergy & Lay Delegates — Morning Prayers was 
read by the Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler, & a Sermon was delivered by 
the Rev d Ashbel Baldwin — The Revd. David Baldwin was duly 
& canonically instituted into the Rectorship of Christ's Church 
in Guilford, & the Churches of North Guilford, and North 
Killingsworth. — 2 


Wednesday 7 OClock P. M. 
Convocation meet agreeable to the adjournment. 
Rev d . M r Baldwin & the Rev d M r Shelton were requested to 
attend the State Convention in New York. — 

Convocation adjourned untill to morrow at 11 OClock A. M. 

Thursday 11 OClock. 

Convocation met agreeable to the adjournment. 
Voted the thanks of Convocation to the President & Secre- 
tary for their Attendance & Services. 

Adjourned Sine Die 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 
New Haven October 26 th . 1809 

At a meeting of the Bishop & Presbyters of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Connecticutt in Convocation holden at 
Trinity Church in New Haven on Wednesday the 26 th . day of 
October 1809. 

56 Note xxvi. 


Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis. D. D. 

Rev d . Richard Mansfield D D 

Rev d . Bela Hubbard D D. 

Rev d . Philo Shelton 

Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 

Rev d . Tillotson Brownson 

Rev d . Truman Marsh 

Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans 

Rev d . Solomon Blakesley 

Rev d . Rogers Searle 

Rev d . Calvin White 

Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler 

Rev d . Virgil H Barber 

Rev d . Nathan B Burges 

Rev d . Asa Cornwall 

Rev d . David Baldwin 

Rev d . Joseph D. Welton — Deacon. — 

Morning Prayers were read by the Rev d . Doctor Hubbard. — 
Rev d . M r . Barber was appointed secretary Pro. Tern. 

Voted that this Convocation be adjourned untill 9 OClock to 
Morrow morning, then to meet at the House of Bishop Jarvis. — 

Thursday 9 OClock A. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to the adjournment And as there 

was no businefs laid before the Convocasion it was adjourned 

without day. — 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 


At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters, & Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in Connecticut holden at the house 
of Capt Amzi Talmage in Plymouth on the First Tuesday of 
June 1810. 


Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis 

Rev d . Richard Mansfield D D 
Rev d . Bela Hubbard D D 

— 8i— 

Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Tillotson Brownson 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Henry Whitlock 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . David Baldwin 
Rev d . Benjamin Benham 
Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler 
Rev d . Virgel H Barber 
Rev d . Roger Searle 
Rev d Salmon Wheaton 
Rev d . Solomon Blakesley 
Rev d . Smith Miles 

Rev d . Joseph D Welton 
Rev d . Stnrgis Gilbert 
Rev d . Daniel M c Donald 
Rev d . Samuel F Jarvis 
Rev d . Reuben Hubbard 

Convocation adjourned to meet at 8 OClock to morrow. — 

Wednesday 8 OClock A. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to the adjournment. 

A procefsion was formed to the Church. Morning Prayers 
was read by the Rev d . Samuel F Jarvis, and a sermon delivered 
by the Rev d . Chauncey Prindle, and the Rev d . Roger Searle was 
duly, and canonically instituted into the Rectorship of St. 
Matthews & St. Peters Churches in Plymouth, by the Rev d . 
Philo Shelton. — 

Voted the thanks of Convocation [to] the President and Sec- 
retary for their attendance & fervices 

Convocation adjourned without day 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 



At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters & Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in Convocation holden at the 
house of the Rev d . Henry Whitlock in New Haven on Wednes- 
day the 19. of Feb y . 1812. — 

Members Present. 
Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis, D. D. 
Rev d . Bel a Hubbard, D. D. 
Rev d . Philo Shelton. 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin. 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans. 
Rev d . Henry Whitlock. 
Rev d . Bethel Judd. 
Rev d . Virgel H Barber. 
Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler. 
Rev d . David Baldwin. 
Rev d . Roger Searl. 
Rev d . Elijah G Plumb. 
Rev d . Joseph D Welton. 

Convocation was opened at 9 OClock A. M. and prayers were 
read by the Secretary. 

The following rules were adopted. — 

Rules of Order. — 

I st . In all Convocations in this State, in case of the Bishop's 
absence; the Senior Clergyman shall preside, and be stiled the 
President. — 

2. Prayers shall be attended at the opening of the Convoca- 
tion, & at all times to which the same shall be adjourned in the 
Morning. — 

3. The President shall take the chair, & proceed to businefs at 
the hour appointed. — 

4. Every member disposed to move any question, or to speak 
upon any question already moved shall rise & respectfully 
addrefs himself to the presiding Officer. — 

5 No member shall be permitted to speak more than twice 
upon any question without consent of the Convocation. — 

6. Every member shall attend to the businefs of the Convo- 
cation. — 


7 No member shall leave the Convocation without permifsion 
of the President. — 

8. No member shall interrupt another when speaking. — 

9 The President shall determine all questions of order. — 

io. At the opening of every Convocation the foregoing Rules 
shall be read. — 

The Bishop delivered an Addrefs to the Convocation. 

The Bishop retired, & the Rev d . Doctor Hubbard took the 
chair. — 

On motion, resolved unanimously that the President return 
the thanks of this House to the Bishop for his affectionate 
Addrefs delivered to the Convocation. — 

The Bishop returned & took his seat. — 

The Rev d Doctor Hubbard, Rev d . M r Judd & the Rev d . M r 
Shelton were appointed a Committee, to report on that part of 
the Bishops addrefs respecting the present state of the Diocese 
of New York. — 

On motion, Resolved that the Bishop be requested to notify 
the meetings of Convocation, by a Circular addrefsed to the 
Presbyters & Deacons. — 

Rev d M r Burhans appeared & took his seat. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 3 OClock P. M. 

Wednesday 3 OClock 
Convocation meet agreeable to Adjournment. — 
Rev d . David Baldwin appeared & took his seat. — 
The Committee appointed to report on the Bishops addrefs, 
made the following, which was accepted. — 

The Committee appointed to report on that part of the Bishops 
addrefs, which relates to the unhappy difficulties existing in the 
Diocese of the State of New York, beg leave to report, that a 
Committee be appointed to advise with our Brethren of that 
Diocese, & to take such prudential measures to remove those 
difficulties as by the blefsing of God may be in their power. — 

Bela Hubbard \ 
Philo Shelton >■ Committee 
Bethel Judd ) 
The Rev d . Tillotson Brownson, Rev d . Philo Shelton, Rev d . 
Bethel Judd, Rev d . Daniel Burhans were appointed a committee 
to carry the design of the foregoing Report into effect. — 27 
21 Note xxvii. 

-8 4 - 

Convocation adjourned one hour. 

Wednesday 8 OClock P M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. 

Resolved, That a Petition be preferred by the Bishop & Clergy 
of the Diocese of Conncut, with the consent & approbation of 
the board of Trustees of the Episcopal Academy, to the next 
Legislature, praying that said Academy may be erected into a 
College. — 28 

The Rev d . M r Brownson, Rev d . M r Chase, Rev d . M r . A Bald- 
win, Rev d M r Whitlock, & Rev d . M r . Judd were appointed a 
Committee to draft said Petition & advocate the same before 
the Legislator. 

Voted the Thanks of Convocation to the President & Secre- 
tary for attendance & services. 

Convocation adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

[Two pages have been left blank here, apparently by mistake.] 

At a meeting of the Bishop, Presbyters & Deacons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Connecticut in Convocation 
holden at the house of John Morgan Esq. in Hartford on the 
2 d . day of June 1812. — 

Present Right Rev d . Bishop Jarvis D. D. 
Rev d . Bela Hubbard D. D. 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Tillotson Brownson 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Charles Seabury 
Rev d . Truman Marsh 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Philander Chase 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . Smith Miles 
Rev d . Henry Whitlock 
Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler 
!8 Note xxviii. 


Rev d . Virgil H Barber 
Rev d . Benjamin Benham 
Rev d Asa Cornwall 
Rev d . David Baldwin 
Rev d Roger Searle 
Rev d Joseph D Welton 


Rev d . Daniel M c Donald 
Rev d . Frederick Holcomb 
Rev d . Nathaniel Huse 
Rev d . Birdsey G Nobles 
Rev d . Isaac Jones 

Mefs Brownson, Shelton, & Searle were appointed a Com- 
mittee to frame a Cannon for the regulation of Easther Meet- 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow Morning 
then to meet in the Church. — 

Wednesday June 3 d . 8 OClock A. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to the adjour[n]ment. 

The Committee appointed to frame a Cannon to regulate 
Easter meetings, proposed the following which was unani- 
mously agreed to, & recommended to the Convention for their 
consideration, and adoption. — 

A Cannon regulating Easter Meetings 

There shall be a Meeting in Easter Week, of the Wardens, 
Vestrymen & Parishioners of each Parish in the Diocese for the 
purpose of appointing the Wardens & Vestrymen, & transacting 
all other businefs that may canonically come before said meet- 
ing. — And at every such meeting it shall be the duty of the 
Rector to preside agreeable to ancient usage, & in case of a 
vacancy, or necessary absence of the Rector, the seniour Officer 
present shall preside. — 

Convocation adjourned without day 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 



At a meeting of the Presbyters, & Deacons of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Convocation holden at the house of the 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin in Stratford on the First day of June 
1813 at 8 OClock P. M.— 


Rev d . Richard Mansfield D. D. 
Rev a William Smith— D. D. 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Tillotson Brownson 
Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Calvin White 
Rev d . Philander Chase 
Rev d . Smith Miles 
Rev d . Charles Seabury 
Rev d . Bethel Judd 
Rev d Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . Henry Whitlock 
Rev d . Roger Searl 
Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler 
Rev d . Asa Cornwal 
Rev d . Vergil H Barber 
Rev d . Jonathan Judd 
Rev d . Elijah G Plumb 
Rev d . Benjamin Benham 
Rev d . David Baldwin 
Rev d . Joseph D Welton 
Rev d . Reuben Hubbard 
Rev d . Daniel M c Donald 
Rev d . Frederic Holcomb 

Rev d . Isaac Jones 
Rev d . Birdsey G Nobles 

The Rev d . Doctor Mansfield desired to be excused from serv- 

-8 7 - 

ing as President on account of his Age & infirmities ; which 
excuse was accepted by the Brethren. — The Rev d . Philo Shelton 
being the next oldest Presbyter, took the chair. — 

Rev d . A Baldwin was elected Secretary. 

On motion by M r M c Donald. 

Resolved, that every Presbyter, Deacon, & Candidate in this 
Diocese be expected to pay an annual subscription to any volun- 
tary amount, to a purchasing Committee, appointed for that pur- 
pose, in order to augment, & maintain the Somaster's Library, 
belonging to the Clergy, & now deposited in the Episcopal 
Academy. — 20 

M r . M c Donald was requested to draft a subscription for the 
above purpose & present it to the Clergy in the morning. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow Morn- 

Wednesday June 2 d . 8 OClock A. M. 

Convocation opened agreeable to adjournment. M r McDon- 
ald presented a subscription paper which was not. accepted by 
the clergy. — 

Rev d . Henry Whitlock, Rev d . Tillotson Brownson Rev d Daniel 
M c Donald was appointed a Committee to carry into effect, the 
Resolution respecting Somasters Library. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock P. M. 

Wednesday 8 OClock P. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. 

On motion by M r . M c .Donald — Resolved to reconsider the 
Resolution pafsed last evening respecting Somasters Library. — 

M r . M c .Donald was requested to draft a subscription for the 
purpose of increasing the Somasters Library, & present it to 
the Clergy at the next Convocation. — 

Convocation adjourned without day. — 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 

At a Convocation of the Presbyters & Deacons of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church in Connecticut holden at the house of 
the Rev d . Henry Whitlock in New Haven on the 3 d . day of 
June 1813. — 

29 Note xxix. 



Rev d . Philo Shelton, President. 

Rev d William Smith, D. D. 

Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin. 

Rev d . Chauncey Prindle. 

Rev d . Tillotson Brownson, P. E. A. 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans. 

Rev d . Calvin White. 

Rev d . Philander Chase. 

Rev d . Smith Miles. 

Rev d . Charles Seabury. 

Rev d . Menzies Rayner. 

Rev d . Henry Whitlock. 

Rev d . Roger Searle. 

Rev d . Rufsel Wheeler. 

Rev d . Asa Cornwal. 

Rev d . Virgil H Barber. 

Rev d . Jonathan Judd. 

Rev d . Elijah G Plumb. 

Rev d . Benjamin Benham. 

Rev d . David Baldwin. 

Rev d . Joseph D Welton. 

Rev d . Reuben Hubbard. 

Rev d . Daniel M c Donald A. E. A. 

Rev d . Frederick Holcomb. 

Rev d . Sturgis Gilbert. 

Rev d . Birdsey G. Nobles, Deacon. 

[The following resolution has been entered and erased, fol- 
lowed by the words "Expunged by Order" : 

Resolved by this Convocation, that all the Presbyters, and 
Deacons residing in this Diocese are entitled to a Vote in the 
election of a Bishop. — 

Convocation adjourned without day 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a meeting of the Presbyters, & Deacons of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Convocation at the house of the Rev d . 
Henry Whitlock in New Haven on Tuesday the 23 d . day of 
November 181 3 

-8 9 - 


Rev d . Philo Shelton. 

Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin. 

Rev d . Tillotson Brownson D. D. 

Rev d . Reuben Ives. 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans. 

Rev d . Calvin White. 

Rev d . Philander Chase. 

Rev d . Menzies Rayner. 

Rev d . Solomon Blakesley. 

Rev d . Henry Whitlock. 

Rev d . Roger Searle. 

Rev d . Joseph D Welton. 

Rev d . Asa Cornwal. 

Rev d . Virgil H Barber. 

Rev d . Bethel Judd. 

Rev d . Jonathan Judd. 

Rev d . Elijah G Plumb. 

Rev d . Benjamin Benham. 

Rev d . Reuben Hubbard 

Rev d . Birsey G. Nobles — Deacon 

Rev d . Philo Shelton being the oldest Presbyter took the chair 
as President. 

On motion by M r . Rayner. 

Resolved, That in the opinion of this Convocation, the 
Presbyters & Deacons officiating by ecclesiastical authority in 
this Diocefs, are constitutionally entitled to a Vote for a 
Bishop.— 30 

Convocation adjourned untill half past 8 OClock to morrow. — 

Wednesday Nov 1 . 24 th . half past 8 OClock, A. M. — Convoca- 
tion opened, & adjourned without day 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 


At a meeting of the Convocation of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of Connecticut!, at the house of the Rev d . Joseph D 
Welton, in Woodbury on Tuesday the 31 st . day of June [May] 

30 Note xxx. 

Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Tillotson Brownson D. D. 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Bethel Judd 
Rev d . Treeman Marsh 
Rev d . Philander Chase 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . Benjamin Benham 
Rev d . Jasper D Jones 
Rev d Roger Searle 
Rev d . David Baldwin 
Rev d Elijah G Plumb 
Rev d . Asa Cornwal 
Rev d . Sturgis Gilbert 
Rev d . Reuben Hubbard 
Rev d . Joseph D Welton 
Rev d . Frederick Holcomb 
Rev d . Nathaniel Huse 
Rev d . Isaac Jones 
Rev d . Birdsey G Nobles 
Rev d . M r . Perry from the Diocese of New York 

The Rev d . M r . Shelton being the oldest Presbyter present, 

took the chair as President. — 

The Rev d . M r . Baldwin was elected Secretary. — 
Convocation was adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow 


Wednesday 8 OClock A. M. 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. 
Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock P. M. 

Wednesday 8 OClock P. M 

Convocation meet agreeable to adjournment. — 
On motion, 

Resolved Unanimously, That so soon as a Bishop shall be 
consecrated for this Diocese the members of the Convocation 


will use their influence in the Convention to obtain the follow- 
ing alteration in third Article of the Constitution of the Church 
in this State, (viz), after the words "There shall be a meeting 
of — "All instituted Presbyters, Afsistant Ministers, Presbyters 
"employed in incorporated Seminaries of Learning, Presbyters 
"having no house of publick worship," &c 31 
Convocation adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a meeting of the Presbyters, & Deacons of the Diocefs of 
Connecticut in Convocation holden at the house of the late 
Bishop Jarvis in New Haven on the 25. day of October 1814 
at 5 OClock P. M.— 


Rev d . William Smith D. D. 

Rev d . Philo Shelton 

Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 

Rev d . Tillotson Brownson D. D. 

Rev d . Daniel Burhans 

' Rev d . Calvin White 

Rev d . Menzies Rayner 

Rev d Bethel Judd 

Rev d . Jonathan Judd 

Rev d . Elijah G Plumb 

Rev d . Roger Searle 

Rev d . David Baldwin 

Rev d . Reuben Hubbard 

Rev d . Joseph D Welton 

Rev d . Frederick Holcomb 

Rev d . Birdsey G. Nobles — Deacon 

Visiting Bretheren 

Rev d Rudd from New Jersey. 

Rev d Aron Humphry Dea[c]on Mafsachusetts 

Rev d . Philo Shelton took the Chair. — 

Rev d . Bethel Judd was requested to deliver a Sermon at the 
opening of the Convention to morrow — And the Rev d . Menzies 
Rayner was requested to read the morning Prayers. — 
31 Note xxxi. 


On motion by M r . Nobles — Resolved that the 2 d appointed 
Preacher for the next Convention, be the Reader, in case the 
first comes prepared to deliver a Sermon. — 

Adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 


At a Convocation of the Presbyters & Deacons of the Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church of Connecticut holden at New Haven on 
the 4 th . day of June 1816 7 OClock P. M.— 

Rev d . William Smith D. D. 
Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d . Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Tillotson Brownson D. D. 
Rev d . Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Truman Marsh 
Rev d . Bethel Judd 
Rev d . Smith Miles 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . Jonathan Judd 
Rev d . Roger Searle 
Rev d . Benjamin Benham 
Rev d . Solomon Blakeley 
Rev d . David Baldwin 
Rev d . Elijah G Plumb 
Rev d . Reuben Hubbard 
Rev d . Isaac Jones 
Rev d . Asa Cornwal 
Rev d . Jasper D Jones 
Rev d . Joseph D Welton 
Rev d . Sturg-is Gilbert 
Rev d . Frederick Holcomb 
Rev d . Nathaniel Huse 
Rev d . Birdsey G Nobles 
Rev d . Alpheus Gear 
Rev d . Harry Croswel 
Rev d . Aron Humphrey 

Rev d . Reuben Sherwood 
Rev d . William J Buckley 
Rev d . David Belden 


A Petition from M r Ammi Rogers was handed in, read, and 
ordered to lie on the Table. 

Adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow. — 

Wednesday Morning 8 OClock June 5. 

Meet agreeable to adjournment. 
Adjourned untill 7 OClock P. M. 

7 OClock P. M. 

Meet agreeable to adjournment. 

The Petition of M r . Ammi Rogers together with the docu- 
ments attending the same, were attended to, and after a full 
examination of the same. 

Resolved That in the Opinion of this House, they are not 
competent to take cognizance of said Petition, & that the said 
Petition & Papers be returned to M r . Rogers. — 32 

Convocation adjourned without day. — 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 

At a Convocation of the Presbyters & Deacons of the P E 
Church in Connecticut holden at New Haven on the 15 th . day of 
October 181 6. 


Rev d . Philo Shelton 
Rev d William Smith D. D. 
Rev d Ashbel Baldwin 
Rev d . Tillotson Brownson D. D. P. E. A 
Rev d . Reuben Ives 
Rev d Chauncey Prindle 
Rev d . Daniel Burhans 
Rev d . Smith Miles 
Rev d . Menzies Rayner 
Rev d . Jonathan Judd 
Rev d Roger Searle 
Rev d . Philander Chase 
Rev d . Benjamin Burham 
Rev d . David Baldwin 
Rev d . Elijah G Plumb 
Rev d . Asa Cornwall A. E. A. 
32 Note xxxn. 


Rev d Isaac Jones 
Rev d . Joseph D Welton 
Rev d . Frederick Holcomb 
Rev d . Birdsey G. Nobles 
Rev d . Alpheus Gear 
Rev d . Harry Croswell 
Rev d . Aron Humphrey 


Rev d . Reuben Sherwood 
Rev d . William J. Buckley 

Visiting Brethren 

Rev d . Barzilla Buckley ^ 

Rev d . Alanson Welton >- Dioces of New York 

Rev d . Joseph Perry 3 

Rev d . William Cranson, Deacon, State of Georgia 

Rev d . Philo Shelton, President 

Resolved — That Rev d . M r Croswill & Rev d . M r Burhans be 
a Committee to wait on the Right Rev d . Bishop Hobart & invite 
him to take a seat in this Convocation. — 

The Right Rev d . Bishop Hobart took a seat accordingly. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 9 OClock to morrow. — 

Wednesday 16 th 

Convocation opened agreeable to adjournment 
Adjourned without day. 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 


At a Convocation of the Presbyters & Deacons of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church of Connecticut holden at the house of 
the Rev. David Baldwin in Guilford on the 3 d . day of June 181 7. 

Rev. Philo Shelton Chairman 

Rev Birdsey G. Noble Sec Pro. Tern. 

Subject moved for consideration — Can we constitutionally 
proceed to the election of a Bishop at the annual Convention to 
be holden to morrow. 


The decision of this question was postponed untill to morrow. 
Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to morrow Morn- 

Wednesday June 4 th 

8 OClock A. M. 
Convocation opened. 


Rev. Philo Shelton 
Ashbel Baldwin 

Tillotson Brownson D D. P. E. A. 
Daniel Burhans 
Smith Miles 
Calvin White 
Solomon Blakely 
Jonathan Judd 
Roger Searle 
Menzies Rayner 
Elijah G Plumb 
Benjamin Benham 
Jasper D Jones 
Nathan B Burgis 
David Baldwin 
Reuben Hubbard 
Frederick Holcomb 
Birdsey G Noble 
Sturgis G Gilbert 
Aaron Humphrey 
Alpheus Gear 
Reuben Sherwood 
Harry Croswell 
Charles Smith ) 

Jonathan Wainright I Deacons 

Rev. Philo Shelton in the Chair 
Rev Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 

The question as to the constitutionality of proceeding to the 
election of a Bishop at the anual Convention was indefinately 

Convocation adjourned without day 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary 


At a Convocation of the Bishop, Presbyters, and Deacons of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church of Connecticut holden at the 
house of the Rev Alpheus Gear in Waterbury on the 5 bt . day 
of June 1 82 1 at 8 OClock P. M. 


Right Rev. Thomas C Brownell D. D. L L D. 
Rev. Philo Shelton Rv. Isaac Jones 

" Ashbel Baldwin " Birdsey G Noble 

" Tillotson Brownson P. E. A " Stirges Gilbert 
" Reuben Ives " Joseph D Welton 

" Chauncey Prindle " Alpheus Gear 

" Truman Marsh " Harry Croswell 

" Daniel Burhans " Reuben Sherwood 

" Menzies Reyner " Charles Smith 

" Asa Cornwall A E A " Joseph Perry 

" Benjamin Benham " Rodney Rofsiter 

" Smith Miles " Peter G Clark 

" David Baldwin " Nath S Wheaton 

" Jonathan Judd " Origen P Holcomb 

" Nathan B Burgis 
" Frederick Holcomb 

Rev. Daniel Summers 

" Ambrose Todd 

" Beardsley Northrop 

" George B Andrews 

The Rev. Reuben Ives, Rev Truman Marsh, & Rev Benjamin 
Benham were appointed a Committee, to prepare a Constitution 
for the establishment of a Society for the relief of decayed 
Clergymen, & the necesitous Widows & Orphans of Clergy- 
men. — 

Convocation adjourned untill 8 OClock to Morrow Morning. — 

Wednesday 8. OClock A. M. 
The Committee appointed to prepare a plan of a Constitution 
for the Society to be called the Society for the relief of decayed 
Clergymen &c. made a report, which was read & ordered to lie 
on the Table. — 33 
33 Note xxxiii. 


Convocation adjourned untill 7 OClock to morrow morning. 
Thursday 7 OClock A. M. 

Convocation opened agreeable to adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee on the subject of the establish- 
ment of a Society for relief of decayed Clergymen &c. was read 
by Paragraphs. — 

On motion Resolved, that a further consideration of s d . 
Report be postponed untill the next meeting of Convocation. — 

Convocation adjourned untill the first Wednesday in Sep- 
tember, then to be holden in the Town of Cheshire. — 

Ashbel Baldwin Secretary. 
Rec d . Dec 29 th . 1824 

At a Convocation held at Cheshire Sept 6. 1821, agreeably 
to the appointment of the Bishop at 8 o'clock P. M. 


The Rt Rev T C Brownel, D D. L L D. 
The Rev T. Brownson — D. D. 
D. Burhans. 
T. Marsh 
M Rayner 
R. Ives 
A. Cornwall 

F. Holcomb 

D. Baldwin 
S. Miles 

B G Noble 
H. Croswell 

E. Gear — 
R. Rofsiter 
O. Holcomb 
C. Smith 

G. Andrews 
A. Todd 

J. Jones 

The Rev B G Noble was appointed secretary in the absence 
of the Secretary of the Convention. 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to take 



into consideration such known diversities of practice, as may 
exist among the clergy of this Diocese, & to suggest those 
particulars on which in their judgment it is desirable there 
should be uniformity. 

The Rev. M efsrs . Marsh, Rayner and Burhans were appointed 
on this committee 

The Convocation adjourned to eight o'clock P. M. 

The Convocation afsembled pursuant to adjournment. 

The following resolutions were adopted 

Resolved that the Clergy use the anti Communion Service 
every Sunday in the year — except under those circumstances 
which necefsarily prevent 

Resolved that it be recommended to the Clergy to read the 
anti communion Service from the Chancel on Communion 

Resolved that the Congregation be dismifsed, previous to 
the Communion Service with a Collect & the shorter benediction. 

Resolved, unanimously, that the Lord's prayer be omitted 
before Sermon. 

Resolved unanimously, that a Collect be used before sermon. 

Resolved, that the Clergy instruct their choir to close every 
Psalm & Hymn with the doxology. 

The following communication was received from the Trustees 
of the Episcopal Academy by their secretary. Resolved that 
the Convocation of the clergy of this Diocefs be requested to 
enquire into the course & modes of study pursued in this 
Academy, & that the said committee be requested to give their 
opinion concerning the general state of the Institution. 

Resolved, that the above request be complied with. 

Dr. Bronson was requested to nominate the Committee. 

The Rev. M essrs . Marsh, F. Holcomb, & Wheaton were nomi- 
nated and appoint [ed]. 

The Convocation adjourned sine die. 

T. C. Brownell President 
B G Noble Sec. 


Journal of the proceedings of the special Convocation of the 
Clergy of the Diocese held at the house of the Rt. Rev T. C 
Brownell DD. LL.D. New Haven Dec. 18. 1822. 


Present. Rt. Rev. T. C Brownell, D. D. 
Rev. T.. Bronson DD. 
" P.. Shelton 
R.. Ives 
M.. Rayner 
D.. Baldwin 
F.. Holcomb 
B G. Noble 
H. Croswell 
R. Sherwood 
A. Cornwall 
J. Perrey 
O P. Holcomb 
D.. Northrop 
N. S. Wheaton 

J. Buckley 
H. R Judah 

The Rev. B. G Noble Secretary. 

Resolved unanimously that it is expedient to establish a 
College in this State which shall be under the direction of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in this Diocese. 34 


That a Committee be appointed to draw up a memorial pray- 
ing the Legislature for a charter on Condition that funds to 
the amount of $35,000 be obtained, to procure subscribers & to 
lay the memorial before the next legislature of this state. 


That the several Clergymen of this Diocese, in aid of the 
Committee shall request their parishoners to sign said memorial. 

That the said Committee consist of three Clergymen and 
three laymen — 

The Rt. Rev T. C. Brownell 

The Rev. H. Croswell 

The Rev N. S. Wheaton 

The Hon E. Boardman 
Nathan Smith 
Charles Sigourney Esqs 
34 Note xxxiv. 


were appointed with power to fill up the vacancies which may 
occur in their number. 

Resolved that New Haven, Middletown & Hartford be the 
places named for the Location in the memorial. 


That the final Location be determined by the Convention. 


Resolved, that the final location be determined by the Trus- 
tees to be appointed by the Convention. 

After Prayers by the Bishop the Convocation adjourned 

Attest. B G Noble Sec. 
[One page is left blank here.] 


Cheshire Nov.. 24.. 1824 
The Convocation afsembled agreeably to appointment by the 
Bishop, & 2. O'clock attended divine Service in St. Peters 

Prayers were read by the Rev M r Doane & a sermon deliv- 
ered by the Bishop. 

The Convocation met at the house of the Rev A Cornwall, at 
6 O'clock P. M. 


Rt Rev. T. C. Brownell D. D. 

Rev. T. Bronson D D. 

R. Ives 

P. Shelton 

D. Burhans 

A. Baldwin 

» A. Cornwall 

Rev. R. Rofsiter D. Baldwin 

J. Keeler B G Noble 

A. Todd H. Croswell 

L. Hull R. Sherwood 

Doane A. Gear 

H M. Mason N. S. Wheaton 

E — Ives P. G. Clarke 

W m . Jarvis O P. Holcomb 

— TOI 

The Rev. B. G. Noble was Chosen Secretary 

The Bishop from the Chair proposed for the consideration of 
the Convention the subject of reviving the Churchman's Maga- 
zine. He then presented & read a Letter from the Rev D r . 
Jarvis containing propositions from the Editors of the Gospel 
Advocate for the union of the two works. 

The Bishop then requested the Rev B. G Noble to lay before 
the Convocation the plan for reviving the magazine which he 
had exhibited to him. The plan was to divide the Cost of pub- 
lication into shares & to put the Magazine to the Holders of 
shares at Cost, to increase the size of the work to 40 pages & 
the price to $2.00. After some discussion the plan was 

The union proposed by the Editors of the Gospel advocate 
was also rejected. 


That it is expedient to revive the Magazine in this Diocese — 35 

That an Editor be appointed by ballot. 

On balloting the Rev D r . Bronson was appointed 

A contribution was then taken up in Convention [Convoca- 
tion] to afsist in defraying the expenses of printing prospectus 
&c, amount obtained was $2.75. which was placed in the hands 
of the Editor. 

On motion by the Rev M r Croswell the thanks of the Con- 
vocation was presented to the Bishop for his discourse delivered 
before the Convocation. 

After Prayers by the Bishop the Convention adjourned Sine 

Birdsey G Noble 

Cheshire Nov. 24, 1824. 


Nov.. 10.. 1825. 

The Convocation at the house of the Rev Sturgis Gilbert 
Woodbury, this day at 4. O Clock, agreeably to appointment by 
the Bishop 

36 Note xxxv. 



The Rt. Rev T. C. Brownell D D 
Rev T Bronson 

D. Burhans 
T. Marsh 
M. Rayner 

A. Cornwall 
J. Jones 

E. J. Ives 

B. Benham 

S. Gilbert 
R. Rofsiter 
N. S. Wheaton 

The Secretary being absent the Rev N. S. Wheaton was 
chosen Secretary pro. Tempore. 

Resolved that it is expedient to altar the Constitution so 
that the Annual Convention of this Diocese shall be held on 
the second Wednesday in May. 

The Convocation adjourned until 7. O'clock. 

The convocation met at 7 O'clock & after a desultory con- 
versation adjourned Sine Die 

N. S. Wheaton 

Sec pro. tern. 

Nov. 11.. 1825. 

True Copy of the original Record 
Birdsey G. Noble Secretary 

Middletown, Jan y . 27.. 1826 

[Eleven pages are left blank here.] 

At a Convocation of the Clergy of the Diocese of Connecticut 
held at the house of the Rt. Rev. T. C. Brownell D. D. L. L. D. 
Hartford on Wednesday June I st . 1825. 

Present The Rt. Rev. T. C. Brownell DDLLD. 
The Rev. G. B Andrews 
" A. Baldwin 
" " D. Baldwin 
" " S. Beach 


The Rev. B. Benham 

" T. Bronson. D D. 

" N. Burgesf 

" D. Burhans 

" P. G. Clarke 

" H. Croswell 

" G. W. Doane 

" J. M. Garfield 

" A. Gear 

" S. Gilbert 

" F. Holcomb 

" O. P. Holcomb 

" Lem 1 . B Hull 

" Hector Humphrey 

" R. Ives 

" E. J. Ives 

" W Jarvis 

" S. Jewett 

" J. Jones 

" H R Judah 

" B. Judd 

" T. Marsh 

" BG Noble 

"SB Paddock 

" R Rofsiter 

" R. Sherwood 

" A. Steele 

" A S. Todd 

" R. Warner 

" N. S Wheaton 

Resolved that this Convocation entertain a deep sense of the 
lofs they have sustained in the death of their late Brethren the 
Rev Philo Shelton & the Rev Davis Welton ; & that the Presi- 
dent & secretary communicate to the widows & families of the 
deceased, the afsurance of their Condolence & sympathy under 
this afBicting dispensation of Divine Providence. 

Some observations & enquiries were made Concerning the 
Churchmans Magazine. 

The Convocation adjourned sine Die. 

T. C. Brownel 

B G Noble. Sec 

— 104 — 

Agreeably to the Resolution of the Convocation the President 
& Secretary addrefsed the following Letters to M rs . Shelton & 
M rs . Welton. 

Copy of the Letter to M rs . Shelton. 

Hartford June 2.. 1825 
Dear Madam. 

The absence of your late husband from the recent Convention 
of the Church, could not fail to excite in the minds of his sur- 
viving brethren a painful sense of the lofs which they, in com- 
mon with yourself, your family & the Church, have sustained in 
his decease. We transmit you the enclosed resolution, expres- 
sive of their estimation of his worth, & of their sympathy in 
your affliction under your bereavement. We beg you will 
accept it as a token of our affectionate respect & consideration, 
though we trust you needed no such formal expression of our 
sentiments. Forty years of faithful labour in the vineyard of 
his divine Master, a manifest devotion to the best interests of 
the Church, & a character distinguished for Christian symplicity, 
had secured for your deceased husband a united & affectionate 
attachment of his clerical Brethren, which few of his survivors 
can hope to surpafs. It must be some consolation to you that 
his memory is duly Cherished, but it is a still higher consolation 
to reflect, that all those amiable qualities & Christian virtues 
which endeared him to his earthly friends, served to Constitute 
his preparation for that better world, where they will find their 
appropriate sphere, & where they will be perfected for a still 
more elevated service of his God and his Redeemer. 

Permit us Dear Madam to add the afsurance of our personal 
respect & esteem ; & may that gracious being who is the widows 
God, & the orphans Father, blefs, preserve & keep you, & may 
he sanctify to you & your children, as well as to the surviving 
clergy of the Diocese, the present afflictive dispensation of his 

T. C. Brownell 
B G Noble 

M rs . Shelton 

— io5— 

Copy of the Letter to M rs Welton 

Hartford, June 5.. 1825 
Dear Madam ; — 

We enclose a resolution expressive of the sense which the 
clergy of the Diocese of Connecticut entertain of the worth of 
their deceased Brother, your late Husband, & of their sympathy 
in your affliction under the present bereavement. Permit us to 
add our prayers that he who orders all things in wisdom & in 
mercy, may fill your heart with all the consolations of the Gospel, 
& that he may sanctify to you & the surviving Brethren of the 
deceased this dispensation of his Providence. 

T. C Brownell 

B G Noble 
M rs . Welton 


[Newtown,] June 6.. 1826.. 

The Convocation met agreeably to appointment at the house 
of the Rev D. Burhans. Prayers by the secretary. 
Adjourned until eight O'clock to morrow 

Wednesday 8. O'clock A M 

The Convocation afsembled in the town house 

Present the Bishop & several of the Clergy. 

A constitution for the Society for the relief of the widows 
& orphans of Clergymen lying upon the table was read. The 
consideration of the subject was posponed. 

The subject of the Connecticut Society for the Promotion of 
Christian Knowledge was taken up informally & after some 
discufsion was posponed. 

The subject of sunday Schools was presented for considera- 
tion & a committee was appointed to report on the subject. 

The Rev B G Noble & the Rev B. Judd were appointed on 
that committee. 

The Rev. M r Rayner obtained liberty to make a statement in 
relation to a law suit in which he was interested. 

The Rev. M r Barlow obtained liberty to address the Con- 
vocation on a plan for a society which he had originated, but 

— 106 — 

in consequence of want of time, & at his own request it was 
defered in order to be made to the Convention. 36 
The Convention adjourned Sine Die 

T. C. Brownel Pres. 
B G Noble Sec. 

[Another record of this meeting: will be found on pages 118, 

[One page is left blank here.] 

1826.. New Haven Teusday Oct 3 d . 1826 

The Convocation afsembled at the Lecture room of the Rev. 
M r . Croswell at 10. O'clock agreeably to appointment by the 

Present the Rev Truman Marsh 
Isaac Jones 
James Keeler 
Peter. G. Clarke 
Reuben Sherwood 
Nathaniel Bruce 
Edward Rutledge 
W m . Shelton 
Rev. Nathaniel S. Wheaton George Shelton 

Birdsey G Noble Potter 

Harry Croswell George W Doane 

Lem 1 . B Hull Menzies Rayner 

Hector Humphreys Joseph Perry 

Fred k . Holcomb Asa Cornwall 

Daniel Burhans. Ashbell Baldwin 

David Baldwin 
W m . Jarvis 
J. M Garfield 
Orson V. Howell 

The Bishop was prevented from attending by the illnefs of a 
member of his family. 

The Rev. Truman Marsh was appointed to the chair. 
The Secretary opened the Convocation by Prayers. 

That a Committee of two be appointed to confer with the 
36 Note xxxvi. 

— 107 — 

Rev. B. G. Noble on the subject of the Churchmans Magazine, 
& that they report at the adjourned meeting of the Convocation 
such measure as they may judge expedient to be adopted to 
secure its continuance. 

The Rev M r Hull & the Rev M r Croswell were appointed on 
this Committee. 

It having been stated that the Rev. M r Doane who was 
appointed to preach before the Convocation would probably be 
unable to fulfill the appointment, it was — 

Resolved that the Rev M r Croswell be requested in that case 
to obtain a preacher. 

The lofs which this Convocation & the Church in Connecticut 
have sustained in the death of our much respected & venerable 
Brother the Rev Tillotson Bronson D. D.. Principal of the 
Episcopal Academy & Editor of the Churchman's Magazine 
having been stated, it was 

Resolved that blank be a Committee to addrefs a Letter 

of condolence to the family of our Late Brother. 

The Rev B G Noble & the Rev A Cornwall were appointed 
on this Committee. 

The Rev M r Rutledge stated that he had documents in his 
pofsefsion, to shew that the Somaster Library now deposited in 
the Episcopal Academy at Cheshire by a resolution of the Con- 
vocation, belonged to the Parish of Church at Strat- 
ford — whereupon the following preamble & resolution, after 
reading the documents, were adopted — 

Whereas it appears that the books presented heretofore by the 
Convocation to the Library of Cheshire Academy, by Docu- 
ments laid before us, appear to have been given for the benefit 
of the Parish at Stratford, & not to the Diocese of Connecticut — 

Resolved that said Books be delivered to such person, or per- 
sons as may be authorized by said Parish to receive them. 

The subject of a general Sunday School Society was men- 
tioned with reference to the circular ifsued by the P. E. Sund. 
S. Soc. of Philadelphia, & after some discusion the following 
resolution was adopted. 

Resolved that be a Committee on the Subject of a 

General Sunday school Society. 

— io8— 

The Rev B G Noble & the Rev Edward Rutledge were 
appointed on this Committee. 

Resolved that be a Committee on the subject of the 

publication of Tracts. 

The Rev H. Croswell & the Rev. N. S. Wheaton were ap- 
pointed on this Committee. 

Teusday 2. O'clock P. M. 

Public Service was attended in Trinity Church 

Prayers were Read by the Rev George Shelton & a Sermon 
delivered by the Rev E Rutledge. 

The Convocation afsembled after Divine Service in the Tower 
of the church. 

The Committee on the subject of the Churchman's Magazine 
reported verbally that the Rev B G Noble had generously vol- 
unteered to conduct the magazine through the remaining six 
Nos of the present volume, with the afsistance of the Clergy, 
& to publish two numbers a month, in order to complete the 
volume by the first of January, that the way may be opened for 
a new paper, & that the family of the late Editor may be saved 
from lofs. The Committee also reported that they deemed its 
continuance in some shape expedient & that they concurred in 
the expediency of a weekly paper under a new title. In con- 
sequence of a correspondence between the Editor of the Gos. 
Advocate & the Rev B G Noble in relation to a union of the 
publications in which they were respectfully concerned, no 
decisive measure was adopted. 

A Letter from the Bishop was received & read. 

Resolved that the Letter be referred to blank Committee. 

The Rev H. Croswell & Rev N. S Wheaton were appointed 
on this Committee 

The Convocation adjourned to meet at the Lecture room at 
half past six O'clock. 

The Committee on the subjects of the Bishop's Letter to the 
Convocation submitted the following Report, which was adopted. 

Resolved, That the Bishop of the Diocese be requested with 
the aid & advice of such of his Presbyters as he may see fit to 
consult on the subject, to concert measures for establishing a 
periodical publication devoted to the interests of the Church 
either in Connection with, or independently of the Eastern 

— 109 — 

Diocese, & that such publication Commence on the discontin- 
uance of the Churchman's Magazine, or as soon after as may 
be practicable. 

The Committee on the Subject of a General Sunday School 
[Society] submitted the following Report which was adopted. 

Whereas this Convocation have understood from a Circular 
if sued in Philadelphia that one of the objects which will occupy 
the attention of the next General Convention is the establish- 
ment of a General Sunday [School] Society, Therefore 

Resolved, that the Delegates from this State be requested to 
give afsurance of the hearty approval of such an object on the 
part of this meeting & to aid in accomplishing it. 

The Committee on the Subject of tracts submitted the fol- 
lowing report which was adopted. 

Resolved that the Bishop with | ], be a committee to 

select & prepare for Publication such tracts as they may deem 
useful to the Church, & that they be & hereby are authorized 
to contract with some bookseller for the publication of said 
Tracts, on his own responsibility, in the same manner & at the 
same rate as the tracts of the American tract Society. 37 

Resolved that we will use our endeavours to promote the 
circulation of said Tracts in our respective Parishes. 

The Rev M r Croswell & the Rev M r Doane were appointed 
with the Bishop on this Committee. 

The Rev B G Noble introduced the subject of Washington 
College & stated the interest which in our individual & collective 
capacity we- were bound to feel in the Prosperity of that Institu- 
tion. And in consequence of the discusion which took place 
the following resolution offered by M r . Doane was adopted. 

Resolved that the Bishop & the clerical delegates to the next 
General Convention be a committee to devise a plan for afsisting 
indigent & deserving young men members of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in obtaining a Collegiate Education at Institu- 
tions under the control of that Church 

Birdsey G. Noble 
Secretary of Convocation. 

Copy of the Letter addrefsed to the family of the Rev T. 
Bronson D. D. late a member of the Convocation 
37 Note xxxvii. 

Middletown Nov. 1826 
To the Children 

of the Late D r . T. Bronson 
Beloved : 
The absence of your late venerable & excellent Father 
from the Convocation of the Clergy of this Diocese afsembled 
at New Haven Oct. 3 d . could not but excite in the breast of 33 

[The rest of this page is blank.] 


Hartford June 5 th . 1827 
Agreeably to appointment by the Bishop, the Convocation 
afsembled at his house in the afternoon, & without coming [to] 
order agreed to meet on Wednesday morning at eight O'clock 
June 6.. 1827 — 

Wednesday June 6 th . 8 O'clock P. M. [A. M.] 

The Convocation afsembled in Christ Church 

Prayers by the Rev. B G Noble. 

The Bishop took the chair. 

The list of the clergy was called over. 

[A blank space is left here.] 

An enquiry was made concerning the publication of Tracts. 

A statement was made concerning the Protestant Episcopal 
Sunday School Union. 

The Bishop presented for consideration the subject of a 
General Education Society. 

The subject of Cheshire Academy was introduced & was dis- 
cussed at some length. 

The Rev A Baldwin in the chair in the absence of the Bishop. 

On motion the Convocation adjourned to half past 6 O'clock 
in the afternoon. 

half past 6 O'clock P. M. 

The Convocation afsembled pursuant to adjournment — 

On motion the Convocation adjourned Sine Die 

B G Noble 

38 Note xxxviii. 

— Ill — 

Convocation at Stratford. 
The Rev G. W. Doane, was appointed Secretary pro tern. — 

[The rest of this page and three following pages are left 


Nor walk June 5 th . 1828 
The Convocation afsembled agreeably to appointment at the 
house of the Rev. R. Sherwood. Present the Bishop and several 
of the Clergy. Prayers by the Secretary. 
Adjourned to 8 oclock on the 6 th . 

June 6 th 8 oclock A. M. 

The Convocation afsembled in the Academy. 

Moved that a committee be appointed to take into considera- 
tion the state of the Parishes & to report to this Convocation 
such measures as they may deem expedient. 

The Committee were 

The Rev D. Burhans 
H. Croswell 
N. S. Wheaton 

Moved that a society be formed for the relief of the widows & 
orphans of Clergyman. 

Moved that a Committee be appointed to report a plan for the 
formation of such a Society to the next convocation. 
The Committe e were 

The Rev. M r . Rutledge 
" " Sherwood 

The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin in the chair 

On motion the Convocation adjourned subject to the order 
of the Bishop. — 

[End of the records in the first volume.] 

— 112- 

[The following records are from the second volume.] 


Cheshire Oct.. 14.. 1829. 

The Convocation afsembled agreeably to appointment by the 
Bishop, & at half past 10 O'clock attended Divine Service in 
S*. Peter's Church. 

Prayers were read by the Rev. M r . Hull, & a sermon delivered 
by the Rev. H. Potter. 

The Convocation adjourned to meet at the Episcopal Acad- 
emy at 3 O'clock this afternoon. 

The Convocation met according to adjournment. Prayers by 
the Bishop. 

Present. The Rt Rev. T. C. Brownell D.D.L.L.D. 
The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin The Rev. Rodney Rofsiter 

David Baldwin 
W m . Barlow 
Daniel Burhans 
Peter G. Clarke 
Asa Cornwall 
Harry Croswell 
C. F. Cruse < 
Alpheus Geer 
Frederick Holcomb 
Lemuel B. Hull 
Hector Humphreys 
Reuben Ives. 
W m . Jarvis 
James Keeler 
Horatio Potter 
W m . T. Potter 

Nathaniel S Wheaton 

The Rev. M r . Adams from 
the Diocese of New York 
was invited to attend the 
sittings of the Convoca- 

The subject of the Society for the Promotion of Christian 
Knowledge was introduced by the Rev. M r . Wheaton, & after 
some discufsion as to the best mode of increasing its funds, 
The following resolution was on motion adopted. 

Resolved that a Committee be appointed to take into consid- 
eration the propriety of revising the constitution of the "Society 


for p[r]omoting Christian Knowledge," with power to make 
such alterations as may be deemed expedient, & to report the 
same to the next Convention. The Standing Committee were 
appointed to perform that duty. 

The subject of a contemplated mifsion to Western & South- 
western States by the R*. Rev. Bp. Brownell agreeably to a 
request of the Board of Directors of the Domestic & Foreign 
Mifsionary Society was brought before the Convocation. On 
motion, Resolved, that a Committee of three be appointed to 
frame a report in relation to the measure proposed above. The 
Rev. M r . Croswell, the Rev. M r . Burhans & the Rev. M r . 
Wheaton were appointed. 

On Motion the following resolution was passed unanimously, 
Resolved by the Convocation, that the clergy will present with 
their Parochial reports to the next Annual Convention, a particu- 
lar account of their respective Sunday Schools, which shall indi- 
cate the number of Teachers employed, & of the children 
instructed ; & especially the course of instruction pursued, & 
the date, wherever such shall be the fact, of their connexion 
with the Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union. 

On motion adjourned till 7 O'clock this evening. — 

7 O'clock P. M. 

The Convocation met pursuant to adjournmt. — 

The committee appointed on the subject of the R*. Rev. Bp. 
Brownell's contemplated tour, reported the following Preamble 
& Resolution, which were unanimously adopted, & ordered to 
be published in the Episcopal Watchman : — 

Whereas the Rt. Rev. Bishop of this Diocese has been re- 
quested by the Board of Directors of the Domestic & Foreign 
Mifsionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church to 
"visit that portion of our Country which lie s West & South of 
the Alleghany Mountains, to perform Episcopal services wher- 
ever they may be desired, to examine into the condition of the 
Mifsions established by the Board, & to take a general survey 
of the country, for the purpose of designating such Mifsionary 
Stations as may hereafter be usefully established :" & whereas 
the Executive Committee of the said Society have expressed a 
"hope that the Clergy of this Diocese, now afsembled in Convo- 
cation may be induced to grant to their Bishop a free release 
from his Diocesan duties, in consideration of the great good 

which may be done by him to our scattered and destitute breth- 



ren, in the performance of the duties of this mifsion :" — There- 
fore, Resolved unanimously, that the clergy of Connecticut in 
Convocation afsembled, do highly approve of the proposed visi- 
tation, & cheerfully comply with the wishes of the Executive 
Committee of the Domestic & Foreign Mifsionary Society in 
granting a free release from his Diocesan duties during the 
said Visitation — humbly & affectionately commending him, & 
the cause in which he is engaged, to the great Head of the 
Church. — 39 

It was moved and seconded that a new Committee be 
appointed on the subject of forming a Constitution for the 
relief of destitute Widows & Orphans of deceased Clergymen. 
Accordingly the Rev. M r . Sherwood, the Rev. Mr. Hull, & the 
Rev. M r . Burhans were appointed. 

On Motion the Convocation adjourned after the customary 
devotional exercises. 

William Jarvis Secretary. 


Middletown November 17 th . 1830. 

Agreeably to appointment by the Bishop, the Convocation 
afsembled in Christ Church in this city at half past 10 O'Clock 
A. M. 

Divine service was performed by the Rev. M r . Sherwood, & 
a sermon delivered by the Rev. M r . Croswell. After the Con- 
gregation was dismifsed, the Convocation was called to order by 
the Bishop, & on motion, was adjourned to meet at the house of 
M r . Francis, at 3 O'Clock this afternoon. 

The Convocation met pursuant to adjournment, & the roll 
being called, the following persons answered to their names. 

The RK Rev. T. C. Brownell, D.D. LL.D. 

The Rev. David Baldwin, 

Nathan B. Burgefs, 
Joseph T. Clark, 
Harry Croswell, 
Alpheus Geer, 
Hector Humphreys, 
William Jarvis, 

39 Note xxxix. 

The Rev. Horatio Potter, 
Smith Pyne, 
Rodney Rofsiter, 
Reuben Sherwood, 
Ashbel Steele, 
Ransom W T arner, 
N. S. Wheaton, 

The Rev. Henry S. Attwater, 
Ch s . W m . Bradley. 


The following resolution Avas offered by the Rev. M r . Croswell. 

"The Bishop & Clergy of the Diocese" 

"of Connecticut in Convocation, Nov. 17, 1830." 

On motion, resolved, that the book of "Chants adapted to the 
service of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States" 
compiled by Mr. John H. Phoebus, of New Haven, is recom- 
mended by this Convocation to the churches throughout the 
Diocese, as a work well calculated to effect the objects proposed 
by the compiler, by promoting a correct & tasteful execution of 
the chants, & aiding the congregations generally in this portion 
of the devotions of the church. 40 

On motion, it was resolved that the above resolution should 
be referred to a Committee of three, to report to morrow 

The Rev. Messrs. Humphreys, Wheaton, & Pyne were ap- 
pointed that Committee. — 

On motion, the Rev. Mefsrs. Sherwood & Humphreys, & M r . 
Samuel Huntington, were appointed a Committee to draft the 
Constitution of "a society for the relief of destitute widows & 
orphans of deceased clergymen." 

The subject of the agency of the Rev. Mefsrs. Pyne & Hawks, 
in behalf of Washington College, was introduced & discufsed at 
some length. The interests of that institution were shown to 
be intimately connected with those of the Church, & the conse- 
quent duty of every Episcopalian, & especially of every Clergy- 
man, in the Diocese, to extend to it his most efficient patronage, 
was ably enforced. — On motion, the Convocation adjourned to 
meet the same place at 9 O'clock tomorrow morning. 

Middletown November 18 th . 1830. 

The Convocation met pursuant to adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee to whom was referred the 
Resolution of the Rev. M r . Croswell approving and recom- 
mending the Book of Chants, compiled by M r . John H. Phoebus, 
was in favor of adopting that resolution, & on motion, was unani- 
mously accepted. — 

The Convocation adjourned. 

William Jarvis, Secretary 

40 Note xl. * 

— n6 — 


New Haven June 12 th . 1837. 
The Convocation assembled in the basement room of St. 
Paul's Chapel, when after being called to order by the Bishop, 
and after prayers, by the Secretary, the Bishop took the Chair. 
A communication was read from A. B. Chapin Esqr. Editor 
of the Chronicle of the Church, whereupon a Committee was 
appointed to take the communication into consideration con- 
sisting of 

Rev. Dr Croswell 
Rev Messrs. Beach 
& Holcomb, 
and they were directed to report to the Convention, to com- 
mence its sittings to-morrow. 41 

The Rev. Dr. Jarvis made a statement in regard to the Chris- 
tian Knowledge Society, which was laid over for consideration. 
After which the Convocation adjourned leaving the time and 
place for calling another to the discretion of the Bishop. 


A. C. Morgan, 

Secr y . 


Hartford, June 8 th , 1847. 
A Convocation of the Clergy was held on the evening of this 
day in the Chapel of Christ Church Hartford. After having 
been called to order by the Bishop, the Secretary by direction 
of the chair read prayers. 

The Rubrics in the Baptismal Service, & especially the proper 
postures of the officiating minister, formed the subject of con- 
sideration & discussion. 

The Secretary was ordered not to make a record of the par- 


W m . Payne, 


41 Note xli. 



New Haven, June 13 th 1848 
The Bishop called a Convocation on the evening of this day 
in St. Paul's Church. In his absence the Rev. Dr. Fuller in the 
Chair, who opened the meeting with Prayer. 

The affairs of the Christian Knowledge society formed the 
subject of deliberations. 42 

A committee was appointed to bring the business discussed 
before Convention on the following day. 


W m . Payne 



Note xlii. 

— n8— 

Newtown. June 6 th . 1826 

The Convocation met at the house of the Rev. Daniel Burhans 
at half past seven O'clock by appointment. 

The secretary opened the meeting with prayers. 

On motion by the Rev. M r Hull the meeting was adjourned to 
seven o'clock to morrow morning. 

Wednesday June 7 th . 

The Convocation met at the town house agreeably to ad- 
journment at 7 O'clock A. M. 


Rt. Rev. T. C. 


Rev. A. 









B. G. 






P. G. 


O. P. 











W m 



Rev M r . Barlow 
M r Coit 
M r . Wells 

The Bishop read the following communication from the Rev. 
D r . Jarvis. 

Upon which the following resolution was unanimously adopted. 

Resolved that the Rt. Rev. Bishop Brownell be requested to 
express to the Rev D r . Jarvis the regret of this convocation that 
he was unable to attend the present meeting when they might 
have personally taken leave of him previous to his departure for 
Europe, & to afsure of the affectionate interest which they take 
in his welfare. 


On motion by the Rev. Truman Marsh the resolution passed 
at the last meeting concerning the alteration of the Constitution 
was reconsidered. 

The resolution was indefinitely posponed. 

The Rev. Mr. Barlow from the Diocese of South Carolina 
had leave to bring his plan for the publication of Books before 
the Convocation. 

Some desultory conversation took place on the subject of a 
Society for the relief of the widows and orphans, of Clergymen — 
the constitution was called up & again laid upon the table. 

The Society for the promotion of Christian Knowledge was 
proposed for consideration — & some desultory conversation took 
place & the subject referred to the Convention. 

The subject of Sunday Schools was taken up & 

On motion by the Rev. Mr. Judd — 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed on the sub- 
ject of Sunday Schools. 

The Rev. M r Judd 



The Convocation adjourned to meet at 7 o'clock on Thursday 


Note I 


The Right Reverend SAMUEL SEABURY, D.D. 

Samuel, the second son of Samuel and Abigail (Mumford) Seabury, 
was born at North Groton (now Ledyard), Connecticut, on November 
30, 1729. His father was then officiating as a licentiate of the "Standing 
Order" in the meeting house of the Second Ecclesiastical Society of 
Groton located in North Groton, but soon after conformed to the Church 
of England, was ordained in England and became the first incumbent of 
St. James' Church, New London. The future bishop was educated by 
his father and in the common schools of the town until his father's 
removal to Hempstead, Long Island, in 1742. He entered Yale College 
in 1744, and graduated with honor in 1748. Mr. Seabury was sent by 
his father to Huntington, Long Island, as "catechist" in 1748, in which 
position he was confirmed by the Venerable Society with a salary of ten 
pounds sterling per annum. He commenced the study of medicine while 
at Huntington and in 1752 went to Edinburgh to continue his medical 
course until of age to present himself to the Bishop of London for 

He was made deacon in the Chapel of Fulham Palace on St. Thomas' 
Day, December 21, 1753. by the Rt. Rev. John Thomas, Bishop of Lincoln, 
acting for the infirm Bishop of London, Dr. Thomas Sherlock. He was 
ordained priest in the same chapel on Sunday, December 23, 1753, by the 
Rt. Rev. Richard Osbaldiston, Bishop of Carlisle. 

He was immediately appointed by the Propagation Society to the 
mission of Christ Church, New Brunswick, New Jersey. In 1757 he 
went to Grace Church, Jamaica, from which he removed in 1766 to the 
Rectorship of St. Peter's Church, Westchester County, New York. To 
add to his small income he opened while at Westchester a classical school. 

As the Revolution approached, with his friends Dr. Chandler, Dr. 
Inglis, and the Hon. Isaac Wilkins, he allied himself with the cause of 
the united British Empire, which to his mind included the welfare of 
the Church of England, and wrote strongly in its favor. His "Letters 
of a Westchester Farmer" are an excellent specimen of his style in 
political controversy. He was also for several years the Secretary of 
the Voluntary Conventions of the Clergy of New York and New Jersey 
which some from Connecticut occasionally attended. 

— 124 — 

He was roughly treated by the patriots in his neighborhood, compelled 
at various times to conceal himself and on one occasion was taken to 
New Haven and treated with much indignity. Upon his release from 
confinement he returned to Westchester, but was soon obliged, early 
in 1776, to close the churches in his parish and join the numerous 
loyalists in the city of New York. After the departure of General 
Washington from Manhattan Island in September, 1776, he officiated, in 
turn with other clergymen who had left their parishes, for the refugees in 
the old City Hall on Wall Street. In 1778 he was appointed to the charge 
of St. Andrew's Church, Staten Island, but found it unsafe to take up his 
residence there. 

His support for seven years came from the stipend of fifty pounds a 
year from the Venerable Society, the practice of medicine, and his 
chaplaincy of the Royal American Regiment of Colonel Edmund Fan- 
ning. He was made a Doctor in Divinity by Oxford University in 1778. 
With his election and acceptance of the Bishopric of Connecticut came 
a new period in Dr. Seabury's life. He went to England in July, 1783, 
in the flagship of Admiral Digby. His noble and unceasing efforts to 
induce the Bishops in England to rise above political and traditional 
precedents and consecrate him under a special act of Parliament, form a 
chapter of pathetic interest in our annals. In the summer of 1784 he 
made a formal application to the Bishops of the Church in Scotland to 
consecrate him. Upon their favorable answer he journeyed to Aberdeen 
and was consecrated a Bishop in the Church of God, in Bishop Skinner's 
chapel in Long Acre, Aberdeen on Sunday, November 14, 1784 by the 
Primus, Dr. Robert Kilgour of Aberdeen, Dr. Arthur Petrie of Moray 
and Ross, and Dr. John Skinner, Coadjutor Bishop of Aberdeen. He 
returned to London immediately after and sailed for America in March, 
1785. He spent some weeks among relatives in Nova Scotia and arrived 
at Newport, Rhode Island, on June 20, 1785. It is unnecessary here to 
trace the events of his Episcopate, some details of which will be found 
in the introduction and text of these "Records". 

Bishop Seabury died suddenly on February 25, 1796 in the sixty- 
seventh year of his age. 

The Reverend BELA HUBBARD, D.D. 

Bela, a son of Daniel and Diana (Ward) Hubbard, was born in Guil- 
ford, Connecticut, on August 27, 1739. He was prepared for college in 
the common schools and at home. In his fourteenth year he entered 
Yale College, from which he was graduated in 1758. He then enjoyed 
a year of theological study with his relative by marriage, the Rev. Dr. 
Samuel Johnson, President of King's College, New York. 

In 1761 he became lay reader at Christ Church in his native town, 
under the oversight of the Rev. Ebenezer Punderson, of New Haven, 
whose missionary circuit included Guilford. 

In the fall of 1763, in company with Abraham Jarvis, his life-long 
friend, and William Walter of Roxbury, Massachusetts, he went "home" 
to England for ordination. 



On Sunday, February 5, 1764, in "the Royal Chapel of St. James, 
Westminster," he was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Frederick Keppel, 
Bishop of Exeter, acting for the infirm Bishop of London, Dr. Richard 
Osbaldiston. On Sunday, February 19, 1764, in "the parish Church of 
St. James, Westminster," he was ordained priest by the Rt. Rev. Charles 
Lyttleton, Bishop of Carlisle, acting for the Bishop of London. Upon 
his return he took charge of Christ Church, Guilford, and St. John's, 
North Guilford, to which he soon added a congregation in Killingworth, 
now Clinton, "a seaport Town 10 miles distant." 

He occasionally officiated in remoter places, as Saybrook, Branford, 
New Haven, Litchfield. His work was fruitful and acceptable. His 
salary came wholly from his parishioners and was only thirty pounds 
sterling per annum. The Venerable Society at that time did not think 
it expedient to form any new missions in New England and would not 
make any appropriation for Guilford. In 1767 he accepted the joint 
rectorship of Trinity Church, New Haven, and Christ Church, West 
Haven, at an increased salary. 

He was a resident of New Haven in the critical days of the Revolution. 
Although a pronounced loyalist, he retained the full esteem of the patriots. 

His services to the Church in Connecticut at the formative period are 
great and deserve recognition. His ability as a parish priest and his 
theological learning were recognized by his alma mater by the degree of 
Doctor in Divinity in 1804. After an incumbency of forty-five years in 
one parish Bela Hubbard rested from his earthly labors on Sunday, 
December 6, 1812, in the seventy-fourth year of his age and the forty- 
eighth of his ministry. 

In the present Trinity Church, New Haven, which his zeal and tact 
made possible, there is in the chancel an appropriate monument setting 
forth his excellencies. 

The Right Reverend ABRAHAM JARVIS, D.D. 

Abraham, the sixth son and ninth child of Captain Samuel and Naomi 
(Brush) Jarvis, was born at Norwalk, Connecticut, on May 5, 1739. 
He was carefully trained in the district school and at home, and then 
placed under the tuition of the Rev. Noah Wells, the Congregational 
minister of Stratford, to be prepared for college. He became a student 
at Yale when eighteen and graduated with honor in 1761. 

He went immediately after to Middletown to officiate as lay reader in 
Christ Church. He also pursued by himself a course in theology, pre- 
sumably set forth for him by the learned Dr. Samuel Johnson. 

About 1762 it becoming necessary to leave his work to be inoculated 
for the small pox, he resided for several months at Elizabeth Town, New 
Jersey, in the family of the Rev. Dr. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, the 
well-read theologian and acute pleader for an American Episcopate. 
Under him he probably completed his course in theology. 

In the fall of 1763, in company with his intimate friend, Bela Hubbard, 
and William Walter of Roxbury, Massachusetts, he sailed for England 

— 126 

to seek holy orders. His expenses were defrayed by a subscription of 
the members of the Middletown parish. He was made deacon in "the 
royal Chapel of St. James, Westminster," on Sunday, February 5, 1764, 
by the Rt. Rev. Frederick Keppel, Bishop of Exeter. 

He was ordained priest in "the parish Church of St. James, West- 
minster," on Sunday, February 19, 1764, by the Rt. Rev. Charles Lyttle- 
ton, Bishop of Carlisle. 

Both of these ordinations, at which his companions also were ordained, 
were by special commission from the aged and feeble Bishop of London, 
Dr. Richard Osbaldiston, who, as had his predecessors, exercised jurisdic- 
tion over the American Colonies. He sailed for America in April and 
was again at work in June. He had been duly chosen as Rector of 
Christ Church, Middletown. An annual salary of seventy pounds ster- 
ling was pledged to him by the parish. For some reason not now to be 
ascertained, the Venerable Society declined to continue the stipend of 
twenty pounds which had been allowed to the Rev. Ichabod Camp, the 
first Rector and Missionary. Mr. Jarvis became a true pastor not only 
for the people in Middletown, but in all the surrounding country. He 
greatly encouraged the small band of churchmen in Hartford by his 
presence, his services and his advice. There would have been rapid 
growth in Hartford had the suggestion to make Middletown and Hart- 
ford a mission under Mr. Jarvis met with the approval of the authorities 
in England. 

His energy and success as a parish priest are shown by a memorandum 
made a few years after his ordination, in which three hundred and sixty- 
five souls, of whom one hundred and fifty were communicants, are 
recorded as under his charge. The esteem in which Mr. Jarvis was 
held by his brethren and the active part he took in the organization of 
the Church in Connecticut, his wisdom and prudence in all the steps taken 
for a true General Convention, are detailed in the introduction to these 

With the continued regard and affection of his parishioners he served 
them in holy things for thirty-five years. 

Upon the death of Bishop Seabury, at the special Convention held in 
Trinity Church, New Haven, on May 5, 1796, he was chosen Bishop. As 
there had been a diversity of opinion among the clergy and some opposi- 
tion by prominent laymen, he immediately declined the election. 

When Dr. Bowden, who in October, 1796, had been elected, finally 
declined the Episcopate, Mr. Jarvis was unanimously elected for the 
third time, by his brethren at the annual convention held in St. James's 
Church, Derby, on June 7, 1797. He accepted and was consecrated in 
Trinity Church, New Haven, on the feast of St. Luke, October 18, 
1797. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. William Smith, of 
St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. It is one of the five instances in the history 
of the American Church when the sermon at the consecration of a 
Bishop has been by a priest. 1 

J The others are : The Rev. Dr. William Smith, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, 
preached at the consecration of Dr. Claggett, 1792 ; Dr. Robert Smith, 1795 ; and Dr. Bass, 
1797. The Rev. Dr. Frederick Beasley preached at the consecration of Mr. Chase in 1819. 

— 127 — 

The consecrators were the presiding Bishop, Dr. William White, and 
the Bishop of New York (Dr. Provoost), and the Bishop of Massachu- 
setts (Dr. Bass). Yale College conferred on him, in 1797, the degree 
of Doctor in Divinity. 

The second Bishop of Connecticut was faithful in his administration 
of the Diocese and saw a moderate but real growth. During his later 
years he was afflicted with asthma and any clerical duty was done with 
difficulty, but he never allowed his bodily infirmity to interfere with his 
official and religious obligations. In 1799 he removed to Cheshire, where 
the Episcopal Academy, under Dr. Bowden, was coming into favorable 
knowledge of the people. 

The "Records" give particulars of the unhappy incident of his Epis- 
copate, the career of Ammi Rogers in the Diocese, and other events of 
diocesan life in which the Bishop took an active part. 

In 1803 Bishop Jarvis removed to New Haven, where he passed the 
remainder of his days. 

He departed this life at New Haven on May 3, 1813, having lived 
nearly seventy-four years. 

When the present Trinity Church was erected his body was removed 
from the public cemetery and buried beneath the chancel. An elegant 
Gothic monument with a classic and affectionate Latin inscription written 
by his son, the distinguished scholar, Dr. Samuel Farmar Jarvis, adorns 
the walls of the Church. 


Gideon, the fifth son and eighth child of Captain Nathaniel and Esther 
(Hitchcock) Bostwick, was born in New Milford, Connecticut, on Sep- 
tember 21, 1742. He was strictly brought up in the pious ways of the 
"Standing Order." He was educated principally at home and then fitted 
for college by the celebrated Nathaniel Taylor, the Congregational minis- 
ter of New Milford. He entered Yale College in 1758, sustained a high 
rank throughout his course and graduated with honor in 1762. He had, 
under the influence of an intimate friend and classmate, "declared" for 
the Church of England. As then there was little prospect of a new mis- 
sion being erected in any part of New England by the Venerable Society, 
he went, at the suggestion of the Rev. Thomas Davies, Rector of St. 
John's, New Milford, and an ardent missionary, to Great Barrington, 
Massachusetts. A small and vigorous parish had been founded there 
under the auspices of the Rev. Solomon Palmer and the Rev. Thomas 
Davies. Mr. Bostwick became the lay reader and opened a classical 
school, which from the first was successful. The young candidate was 
not content with merely reading the service on Sunday, but did such 
pastoral work as a layman could, and went into the surrounding country 
to seek out the lost or strayed sheep of Christ. 

In 1769 such strength had been developed that it seemed expedient 
to the clergy of Connecticut, with which the work had always been con- 
nected, to make an effort to obtain a grant from the Venerable Society 

— 128— 

and the erection by it of a mission to include Great Barrington and 
Lanesborough in Berkshire County, together with Nobletown and New 
Concord on the New York side of the Berkshire Hills, in what was aptly 
called "a wilderness country." 

A petition from the four congregations was prepared and universally 
signed, asking for recognition by the Society, a stipend, and the ordina- 
tion of Mr. Bostwick. With this and a commendatory letter from the 
clergy of New York, Mr. Bostwick went to England late in 1769. He 
was successful in his quest. The Society broke its rule, erected the Berk- 
shire Mission, assigned to it a stipend of twenty-five pounds sterling per 
annum and appointed Mr. Bostwick the Missionary upon his ordination. 
After due examination he was made deacon by the Bishop of Lon- 
don, the Rt. Rev. Dr. Richard Terrick, on St. Matthias' Day, February 
24, 1770, in the royal Chapel of St. James. He was ordained priest by 
the same Bishop on Sunday, March 11, 1770, "in the Chapel Royal at 
Saint James's Palace in Westminster." 1 

After a pleasant passage of six weeks, he arrived at New York on May 
29, and reached his mission on June 4. 

From that day he was abundant in labors laying foundations to be 
afterward built upon. He made a house to house visitation in the newly 
settled towns of what is now Columbia County, New York, Bennington 
County, Vermont, and Berkshire County, Massachusetts. For the earlier 
years of his ministry his services were almost daily. His letters show 
him to be active, diligent, and discerning. His influence over those who had 
moved into this northern portion of New England after the old French 
war was very great. His private register records in his ministry of 
twenty-three years the baptism of two thousand two hundred and seventy- 
four children and eighty-one adults, the marriage of one hundred and 
twenty-seven couples and the burials of eighty-four persons. There is 
hardly another record equal to it in the missionary annals of our coun- 
try. The "Records" show that Mr. Bostwick was honored in the Dio- 
cese. Much of his work was ephemeral for many promising settlements 
never attained maturity, but enough remains to keep green the memory of 
a true herald of the Cross, notably St. James's, Great Barrington, Trinity, 
Lenox, and Christ Church, Hudson, New York. Upon his return from 
the Convocation and Convention at Middletown on June 5, 1793, where 
he had presented his friend and lay reader at Lanesborough, Mr. Daniel 
Burhans, for ordination, he rode a hard-trotting horse. When he arrived 
at his old home in New Milford, he was taken violently and dangerously 
ill as the result. After lingering in much pain for some days, he entered 
into the rest of Paradise on June 13, 1793, in the fifty-first year of his 
age. Over his grave in the lower cemetery at Great Barrington, friends 
erected a handsome marble monument appropriately inscribed. 

1 Mr. Bostvvick's letter of Orders as priest is in the custody of the writer. 

— 129 — 

The Reverend JAMES SAYRE, M.A. 

James Sayre is supposed to have been born in Scotland in 1745- He 
is said to have come to America with his older brother John, while a boy. 

He studied at the College of Philadelphia when that institution was 
under the presidency of Dr. William Smith. He was graduated in 1765 
in the same class with Bishop White. 

Removing to New York City, he studied law and was admitted to the 
bar in 1771. His brother John had been ordained in 1768 and taken 
charge of an extensive mission on the west bank of the Hudson, which 
included Newburgh, New Windsor, and Walden. He was laborious 
and successful. It was possibly through his persuasion and influence 
that Mr. Sayre abandoned the law and sailed in the summer of 1774 for 
England. He was ordained in the fall of that year and was licensed 
to officiate in the Plantations on September 21, 1774. 

A manuscript note on the margin of the Book of Licenses of the 
Diocese of London assigns him to "Fredericksburgh precinct." This 
term evidently indicates the region bordering on Connecticut east of 
Poughkeepsie, Peekskill, Fishkill, and other towns on the east bank of 
the Hudson. It was sparsely settled and spiritually destitute. 

There had been intermittent church work in the river towns from 
1765, when the Rev. Samuel Seabury made a missionary tour and held 
the first services. The Rev. John Beardsley became, in 1761, the 
missionary in Dutchess County, and in 1766 was promoted to the rector- 
ship of Poughkeepsie. Probably it was to assist him by caring for the 
"back country," as Mr. Beardsley's work was over a wide area, that 
Mr. Sayre was ordained. 

The commencement of actual .hostilities with England taking place 
soon after his return, it is extremely doubtful if he remained long in 
the precinct. 

In 1775 he accepted a commission as chaplain to one of the loyalist 
battalions raised by Colonel De Lancey. Camp life and the monotony 
of service in and near the city of New York, to which the British were 
principally confined, was irksome. His power as a preacher was acknowl- 
edged by all who heard him and his reading of the service was impres- 
sive and solemn. 

He felt that it was a great relief to be asked to officiate for the few 
churchmen at Brooklyn Ferry, then a hamlet of about sixty houses 
and less than two thousand people. Previously they had traveled the 
long distance to Grace Church, Jamaica, or crossed the East River to 
worship in Trinity Church or one of its chapels. 

Mr. Sayre commenced his work in Brooklyn in 1778 and continued it 
for five years. His success in the little village, now part of a great city, 
can only be inferred from the fact that in 1787 a parish was organized. 

The archives of St. Ann's, the mother parish of Brooklyn, contain the 
record of only one official act of Mr. Sayre. It is a copy of a baptismal 
certificate dated August 20, 1783, and signed 

"James Sayre, Minister of the Church at Brooklyn Ferry." 

— 130— 

Upon the evacuation of New York City by the British on November 
25, 1783, Mr. Sayre, with many other loyalists, went under the escort 
of the fleet to St. John, New Brunswick. Here a tract of land had been 
assigned him. He does not appear to have had any settled congregation 
or sought any parish. He evidently was not placed on the list of the 
Venerable Society's missionaries and the poor refugees were unable to 
give adequate salaries to their ministers. 

After an experience not altogether pleasant, he returned to the United 
States and seems to have been in Connecticut in the spring of 1784. In 
June, 1784, he became the minister of Trinity Church, Branford, Christ 
Church, Guilford, and St. John's, North Guilford. He resided in Bran- 
ford, giving three-quarters of his time to Branford and Guilford and 
the other quarter to North Guilford. He was both active and popular. 
In the following year efforts were made to induce him to live in Guilford, 
but without success. He resigned in the spring of 1786 and went to live 
in Fairfield, where the Rev. Philo Shelton was Rector. 

In July, 1786, Bishop Seabury recommended him to the vestry of 
Trinity Church, Newport, one of the important parishes of New England, 
as "a worthy and prudent man," of "good understanding" who "reads 
prayers much to my satisfaction." 

Mr. Sayre accepted the invitation to visit Newport sent during the 
summer and removed to that town in October, 1786. 

For nearly a year he was beloved and respected by all his parishioners. 
An unhappy conflict with some of the prominent laymen in the parish 
then occurred, principally concerning the revision of the Prayer Book, 
and for two years there was bitter controversy and mutual discontent. 
Finally, by the intervention of Bishop Seabury, the pastoral relation was 
dissolved and Mr. Sayre returned to Fairfield in the early days of 1789. 

The parish at Stratford became vacant by the resignation of Mr. 
Learning in 1790. Its members esteemed Mr. Sayre highly and had 
endeavored to have him visit them during the Revolution, but permission 
was refused by the civil authority. They were now glad to call him as 
their rector. His services were peculiarly acceptable to them and they 
gave him a loyal and sincere support. 

The fixed conviction of Mr. Sayre that the revision of the Prayer Book 
at Philadelphia was unnecessary and deprived it of essential features; 
that laymen should never have any influence or authority in the Church, 
or sit in ecclesiastical conventions, he so strongly impressed upon the 
people of Christ Church that they determined never to use the new book 
or to approve the union of the Church in the United States. 

The text of the "Records" shows the serious and unpleasant conse- 
quences of this course. 

The Rev. John Bowden was then living in Stratford. He had the 
cordial good will and respect of the churchmen of the parish. With the 
desire of convincing them of their error and leading them to see the 
absurdity of their position, he wrote in March, 1792, an affectionate and 
logical "Address" and a "Letter" to Mr. Sayre. 1 His letter to Mr. Sayre 

1 An Address from John Bowden, A.M. to the Members of the Episcopal Church in 
Stratford, to which is added a Letter to the Rev. Mr. James Sayre. * * * New Haven : 
Printed by T. and S. Green, n. d. i2mo, pp. 39. 

— i3i — 

rehearses the manner in which Mr. Bowden was welcomed by Mr. Sayre, 
and their pleasant relations until Mr. Sayre made his "Protest." 

The change that then occurred is noted, Mr. Sayre's abuse of his 
brethren mentioned, and he is asked to reconsider and pause before lead- 
ing "a congregation into a separation that must in a few years end in 
their ruin." 

The effect of the "Address" upon the parish was slowly apparent and 
Mr. Sayre was compelled to resign at Easter, 1793. He removed to 
Woodbury and became the rector of St. Paul's Church. Here again he 
aroused the people of that staid old parish to open defiance of the whole 
Diocese and refusal to submit to the constituted authorities. But in July, 
1794, Woodbury conformed and Mr. Sayre was once more obliged to 
leave his home. He spent the remainder of his days in Fairfield. It 
is said that he continued to denounce bitterly the Bishop and clergy, 
finally renouncing the Church of his fathers. He died in 1798, in the 
fifty-third year of his age. It was learned after his death, that he had 
been for some years mentally unbalanced. 

His life is a sad instance of perverted energy and misdirected zeal. 

The Reverend PHILO SHELTON, M.A. 

Philo, a son of Samuel Shelton, was born in Ripton (now Hunt- 
ington), Connecticut, on May 5, 1754. His ancestors had been church- 
men in the days when it meant persecution and much personal abuse. 
His grandfather, Daniel Shelton, a pioneer of the town and a large 
land owner, had been one of the founders and benefactors of St. Paul's 
Church in that village. 

Mr. Shelton was carefully trained in the ways of the Church. He 
attended the district school, where only a slight knowledge of the rudi- 
ments of education could be obtained. He also came under the instruc- 
tion of his pastor, the Rev. Christopher Newton, aand when seventeen 
years old was ready for college. He was graduated with honor from 
Yale College in 1775. 

He had early determined to study for the holy ministry. His son, the 
Rev. Dr. William Shelton, states that his theological course was pursued 
with the Rev. James Scovill, Rector of St. John's, Waterbury, a man 
of excellent attainments and sound judgment. The condition of Con- 
necticut during the Revolution did not allow any new church work to 
be undertaken. 

As noted in the "Introduction," several clergymen were able to keep 
open their churches. 

It is probable that Mr. Shelton while with Mr. Scovill aided him as 
lay reader in his widely extended parish, which included Waterbury, 
Westbury (now Watertown), Northbury (now Plymouth), and New 
Cambridge (now Bristol). On July 8, 1779, Fairfield was burned by the 
British under General Tryon, when the church, rectory, meeting houses, 
and many dwellings were destroyed. The minister of Trinity Church, 


the Rev. John Sayre, with his family, lost everything and became a 
refugee in New York. 

On August 24, 1779, a meeting of members of the parish was held at 
the house of Mr. John Sherwood at Greenfield. 

It was resolved "to apply to Mr. Shelton at Ripton in order to hire 
him to officiate for them if Mr. Shelton will please to come." 

A regular routine for the three sections of the parish, Fairfield, Strat- 
field (now Bridgeport), and North Fairfield (now Weston), was made 
out. Mr. Shelton accepted and for six years faithfully read the service 
according to the routine, visited the people in every part of the parish 
and accumulated much experience for his future ministry. 

With several other Connecticut candidates, Mr. Shelton patiently 
waited for the return of the Bishop-designate invested with the Episcopal 

On August 3, 1785, he was presented in Christ Church, Middletown, 
to "Samuel, Bishop of Connecticut," to be made deacon. The others 
ordained at this memorable first ordination by a Bishop of the American 
Church were: Ashbel Baldwin, of Litchfield; Henry Van Dyck, of Mil- 
ford, and Colin Ferguson, of Maryland. The evidence of these "Records" 
and the tradition of Mr. Shelton's descendants and the older clergy of 
the Diocese show that he was the first deacon ordained in the Church 
in the United States. Mr. Shelton was ordained priest by Bishop 
Seabury in Trinity Church, New Haven, on September 16, 1785. 

Upon his return home, he entered upon the rectorship of the parish he 
had served as lay reader. His incumbency continued throughout his life. 

The work done by him was large and encouraging. 

His "Parochiales Notitiae" show that in the foFty years of his ministry 
he baptized nineteen hundred and seventy-eight persons, four hundred 
and fifty-four persons were confirmed, five hundred and eighty persons 
had become communicants, and eight hundred and thirty-eight persons 
had been buried. 1 

New churches were built in Fairfield in 1790, and in the borough of 
Bridgeport in 1801. Mr. Shelton paid much attention to developing the 
Church in the new borough, which was rapidly filling up with an intel- 
ligent population. He was, however, zealous in maintaining the work 
in the other portions of the parish. 

At Easter, 1824, as he felt the growing infirmities of age, he resigned 
the charge of St. John's, Bridgeport, and confined his attention to Fair- 
field. Mr. Shelton died on February 27, 1825, in the seventy-first year 
of his age. He was buried under the chancel of Trinity Church on 
Mill Plain, Fairfield. A tablet to his memory was placed in the church. 

Subsequently his body was removed to Mountain Grove Cemetery, 
Bridgeport, where an elaborate monument of Italian marble suitably 
inscribed has been erected. 

1 The Rev. Dr. Guilbert in his "Annals of an Old Parish " (New York : T. Whittaker, 
1898) has printed this valuable document as Appendix I., pp. 183-273. The original is in the 
possession of Mr. Hamilton Shelton of Bridgeport. 


Few clergymen were more beloved, honored and trusted. He held 
many responsible offices in the gift of the Convention and of the Con- 
vocation. He was almost continuously from 1795 a member of the 
Standing Committee, and from 1801 a deputy to the General Convention. 
During the vacancy in the Episcopate from 1813-1816, he as senior 
presbyter presided in the Diocesan Convention. In a letter to Mrs. 
Shelton, Bishop Brownell gives this estimate of his character : "I feel 
that I have lost one of my best friends and counsellors, and that the 
Diocese has lost one of its best patterns of ministerial faithfulness and 
Christian simplicity." 

The Reverend ASHBEL BALDWIN, M.A. 

Ashbel, a son of Isaac Baldwin, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, 
on March 7, 1757. 

His father, a graduate of Yale in 1735, had commenced life as 
licentiate for the Congregational ministry and preached for some time in 
that portion of Litchfield County now the town of Washington. He 
abandoned the ministry for farming and became a useful and public 
spirited citizen of Litchfield. 

Mr. Baldwin sent two of his sons to Yale College after they had been 
prepared in the common schools and under his own direction. Isaac, 
the elder, was graduated in 1774, and Ashbel, the younger, in 1776. 
Both achieved distinction in their classes. 

It was in the early days of the Revolution and Litchfield County was 
thoroughly patriotic. The young graduate with several of his class- 
mates was eager to enter the army. Circumstances, however, compelled 
Mr. Ashbel Baldwin to accept a private tutorship, as have many other 
of Yale's brightest men. He was pleasantly situated in a delightful 
home in Dutchess County, New York, near the Hudson River. The 
family were members of the Church of England. It was at that time 
customary for the tutors in the old colonial families to conduct the family 
worship, and when the house was remote from church to read the 
service and a sermon to the household and neighbors. When called 
upon for this duty, Mr. Baldwin, who had been brought up a strict 
Congregationalist, was perplexed, for his ignorance of the Prayer Book 
was profound. A friendly gardener on the place, whom he consulted, 
made him familiar with the Book. He then read the service with fervor 
and intelligence. From admiration of the pure English and devotional 
fervor of the prayers he advanced to a belief in the doctrines expressed 
in the Prayer Book. By study and examination, he became thoroughly 
convinced that the Church of England was a pure branch of the Catholic 
Church of Christ, and conformed to it. 

At the close of his tutorship, about 1778, he secured a position as 
quartermaster in the commissary department of the Connecticut line of 
the Continental army, and was stationed at Litchfield in charge of a 
large depot of stores, many of which had been surrendered at Saratoga 
by General Burgoyne. Much to his regret, he could not engage in active 


service, as imprudence in swimming when a boy had brought on a 
permanent lameness and shortening of one of his legs. 

His studies for the ministry were probably pursued by himself with 
the advice of his friend and neighbor, the Rev. Richard Clarke of New 

He was in attendance as a spectator at the convocation of the clergy 
at Woodbury, on the feast of the Annunciation, 1783, when the first 
Bishop of Connecticut was chosen. During the absence of the incum- 
bent, the Rev. James Nichols, in some other part of his mission, Mr. 
Baldwin read the service at Litchfield. When Mr. Nichols removed to 
Sandgate, Vermont, Mr. Baldwin was invited to take charge as lay 
reader. A parish by the name of Saint Michael's Church, Litchfield, was 
incorporated under the state law in October, 1784. 

Mr. Baldwin was invited by representatives of St. John's, North 
Guilford, and Christ Church, Guilford, in November, 1784, to take the 
lay readership in those parishes at a salary of eighty pounds, Connecticut 
currency, which was then equal to forty pounds sterling, and the rector- 
ship when ordained. As he had already commenced his work at Litch- 
field, he felt obliged to decline. 

At the first ordination by Bishop Seabury in Christ Church, Middle- 
town, on August 3, 1785, he, with three others, was made deacon. He 
was ordained priest in Trinity Church, New Haven, on September 18, 
T 785, by the same Bishop. 

He immediately entered upon the rectorship of St. Michael's, Litch- 

His work was well planned and carefully carried out, both in the 
parish and county. He went all over the beautiful hills of Litchfield 
County reviving the courage of neglected and depressed Church folk. 
He saw that closed churches were opened, officiated in them himself, 
and, whenever possible, had the parochial organization completed and 
clergymen provided for them. 

With sound wisdom he continued the excellent work of those ardent 
missionaries, Solomon Palmer, Thomas Davies, and Richard Clarke. 

In 1793 he became Rector of Christ Church, Stratford, and spent thirty 
years of faithful service in that parish, adding to his labors some success- 
ful missionary effort in the surrounding region. For many years he 
took charge of Christ Church, Tashua, which as North Stratford had 
once been part of the mother parish. As Mr. Baldwin grew older he 
felt that the work of the parish needed a younger man, and in 1824 
he resigned. 

But to one full of energy, although verging on old age, idleness was 
impossible, and Mr. Baldwin began to officiate at Southington and 
Meriden, where the Church was beginning to make progress. These 
places quickly felt the benefit of his ministrations. 

In 1827 he took charge of St. John's, North Haven, and St. Paul's, 
Wallingford. After five years of gratifying prosperity for these ancient 
parishes, he accepted temporarily the rectorship of St. Peter's, Oxford, 
and Christ Church, Quaker Farms. Here amid rural and pleasant sur- 


roundings, he spent two years. In 1834 he found that his eyesight was 
failing and other marks of old age were so apparent that active work 
for him must cease. For a few years after his resignation he lived 
in New Haven, Bridgeport, and Stratford. 

To the Convention of the Diocese in 1837 Mr. Baldwin sent a touch- 
ing and pathetic letter, resigning his office as trustee of the Episcopal 
Academy, in which he graphically contrasted the condition of the Church 
in Connecticut when he was ordained and its rapid progress in fifty- 
two years. "My days of pilgrimage, I know, are almost closed, and 
I can do no more than to be in readiness by the grace of God to leave 
the Church Militant in peace. May I be permitted, Sir, to ask the 
prayers of my Bishop and his clergy that my last days may be happy?" 

His closing years were spent in the family of an old friend who had 
removed from Connecticut to Rochester, New York, and who gladly 
made cheerful for him the weary hours of inaction. He ended his 
earthly life on Sunday, February 8, 1846, having nearly reached the age 
of eighty-nine years. Mr. Baldwin had a clear and logical mind. He 
was a ready speaker and could put into writing important papers, resolu- 
tions, or debates, with accurate rapidity. This made his service as 
secretary of the Convocation, as secretary of the Convention of the 
Diocese for thirty years, and as secretary of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies of the General Convention for twelve years, invaluable. 

Mr. Baldwin held nearly every position in the gift of the Diocese and 
filled each with efficiency and dignity. 

At the time of his death he was the oldest clergyman of the American 
Church and the oldest graduate of Yale College. 

The Reverend PHILO PERRY, M.A. 

Philo, a son of Dr. Joseph and Ruth (Preston) Perry, was born in 
Woodbury, Connecticut, on December 22, 1752. His father was a well 
known physician. 

His early education was received in the common schools and under the 
careful guidance of his father. In his twenty-first year he entered Yale 
College and was graduated in 1777. 

He studied medicine and settled in Stratford, where he built up an 
extensive practice. 

It is probable that he attended Christ Church, then lovingly served 
by the Rev. Jeremiah Learning, and through his influence entered upon 
a course of theology. 

With David Belden, "Tilley" Bronson and Reuben Ives, he was 
recommended for ordination by the Convocation at Derby in September, 
1786. The four candidates were made deacons on the feast of St. 
Matthew, September 21, 1786, in Christ Church, Derby, by Bishop 

On January 9, 1787, Mr. Perry became the Rector of Trinity Church, 

This parish, one of the very oldest in the Diocese, had been organized 
in 1732 by the Rev. John Beach, of blessed memory, whose long and 


brave witness for the truth as this Church hath received the same, had 
built up congregations in Newtown and Redding, which were the largest 
of our communion in the colony. 

The four years since the death of Mr. Beach, on March 19, 1782, 
and the ravages of the Revolution had somewhat impaired its strength. 

Mr. Perry entered upon his work with great enthusiasm; by faithful 
industry, patience and tact he repaired the waste places of the parish. 
Mr. Perry was ordained priest in St. John's Church, Stamford, on Trinity 
Sunday, June 3, 1787, by Bishop Seabury, "upon a Title," says the 
Bishop's Register, "from Christ's Church, Newton, and from the Church 
at Newberry." 1 

As a pastor Mr. Perry was constant, both in personal appeals for 
holiness of life and frequent in his visitations of his parishioners. He 
is represented as a man of genial manners, a modest demeanor, and 
sufficient learning. 

His ability as a preacher can be partly judged by an extract of a 
manuscript sermon of Mr. Perry in the possession of the writer from 
the text : "Endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of 
peace." Ephesians iv, 3. After considering the circumstances under 
which the Epistle was written he develops the theme : "We cannot 
preserve 'the unity of the Spirit' unless we hold to the doctrines taught 
by the Spirit." In the course of his argument, he insists upon true 
Christian charity to all men and the duty of Christian forgiveness. In 
conclusion, he says : "Now, to sum up the whole in a few words : If 
we have any regard to the welfare of the Church, if we have any regard 
to our own welfare in the present life, and to our complete felicity in 
the next, let us all, my friends & Brethren, endeavour, by all the 
means in our power, 'to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of 
peace.' As to doctrines, let us 'be perfectly joined together in the same 
mind & in the same judgment,' — unanimously grounded & settled in 
the truly excellent and apostolical doctrines of our Church ; — not being 
'tossed to & fro, & carried about with every wind of doctrine by the 
sleight of men, & cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; 
for this never fails to end in schism and separation. 

"As to our behaviour one toward another; let it be always such as 
to show forth that meek & quiet spirit, which in the sight of God is 
of great price,' that heavenly wisdom which is peaceable, gentle & easy 
to be entreated. Let us put away all bitterness & wrath & anger 
& clamour & evil speaking with all malice; & be kind one to another, 
tender hearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake 
hath forgiven us.' If we will thus be directed & governed by the Gospel 
law of Charity, it will be no difficult matter to preserve unity, peace, & 
concord in the Ch h which that we may do, & finally be united with the 
Church triumphant in Heaven, God of his infinite mercy grant, thro 
our Lord Jesus Christ. To whom &c, &c."2 

1 P. 6. A Reprint in fztll of the Registry of Ordinations by Bishops Seabury and farvis. 
As published in the Journal of A. D. 1882, by order of the Convention. 

2 From a collection of manuscript sermons, made by the Rev. Dr. Burhans. This sermon 
is endorsed: Newtown, Nov r . 6, 1791, and Sept r . 29, 1793. Another sermon of Mr. Perry 
from Romans viii, 16, is endorsed : Newtown, Aug'. 7, 1796, Aug'. 13, 1797, and Broo^- 
field, May 6, 1798. 

— 137 — 

Within five years after Mr. Perry's settlement in Newtown a new 
church seemed necessary. It replaced that built in 1746, which was forty- 
six feet long and thirty-five feet wide. 

The new church was considered very spacious and elegant and served 
the parish for nearly eighty years. 

The consecration was on Thursday, September 19, 1793, by Bishop 
Seabury, it being the fifth church consecrated by him in the Diocese. 

Mr. Perry continued for five years more to minister in holy things 
to the people of Newtown, but in the midst of his usefulness he departed 
this life on October 26, 1798, in the forty-sixth year of his age. 

While still young in his ministry, he had obtained the confidence and 
regard of his Bishop and brethren of the clergy. 

He was secretary of the Convocation, secretary of the Convention, a 
member and secretary of the Standing Committee, and a deputy to the 
General Convention. 

When the present Trinity Church, Newtown, was consecrated on June 
8, 1882, there were unveiled four mural tablets of marble and brass 
commemorating the founder and three other rectors of the parish. Upon 
that in memory of Mr. Perry there is this truthful inscription : 

"He was the devoted and efficient Rector of this Parish — and a Clergy- 
man of eminence in the Councils of the Church." 

The Reverend REUBEN IVES, M.A. 

Reuben, a son of Mr. Zachariah Ives, was born in Cheshire, Connecti- 
cut, on October 26, 1762. 

His early life and preliminary education were in his native town. 
In his twentieth year he entered Yale College, from which he was 
graduated in 1786. 

It had been from boyhood his cherished desire to enter the holy 
ministry. The lack of clergymen was so great in the Diocese that 
Bishop Seabury was willing to ordain him without full theological 
preparation with the understanding that he would give attention to such 
studies during his diaconate. Mr. Ives was recommended for ordination 
by the Convocation during its meeting at Derby in September, 1786. 

On St. Matthew's Day, September 21, 1786, he was made deacon with 
three others, in Christ Church, Derby, by Bishop Seabury. 

The great privilege was accorded to the young deacon of becoming 
a member of the Bishop's household and pursuing under his direction 
a thorough course in patristic and Anglican theology, liturgies and 
Church history. Mr. Ives also had practical instruction in pastoral 
theology by acting as the Bishop's assistant in St. James's Church, New 
London, and during the necessary absences of the Bishop taking charge 
of the pastoral work. 

On St. Matthias' Day, February 24, 1788, Reuben Ives, Tillotson 
Bronson and Chauncey Prindle were ordained priests, and Edward 
Blakeslee made deacon in St. James's Church, New London, by Bishop 

He became at once Rector of St. Peter's Church, Cheshire. 


The earliest services of the Church in that town, which was until 
1780 "the western society of Wallingford," although the name New 
Cheshire was given to it from 1720, were about 1750. It formed part 
of the mission field of the Rev. Ichabod Camp, Rector of Christ Church, 
Middletown, from 1752 to 1760. It was faithfully served by him for 
eight years. It then came under the care of the Rev. Samuel Andrews, 
missionary at Wallingford, who took great pains to implant true Church 
principles in the people of Cheshire. The first church, which was a 
square building, forty-two by forty-two feet, and very high, was erected 
in 1760. Upon Mr. Andrews' removal to Nova Scotia in 1785, there 
had been only occasional services until Mr. Ives was summoned home 
to be the first resident rector. By agreement he gave to Cheshire two- 
thirds of his time and spent the remainder in officiating in the neighbor- 
ing towns, particularly Wallingford and North Haven. 

By his faithful ministrations the congregations were so increased that 
in 1795 an enlargement of the church was necessary. 

There was long current among the elder clergy of the Diocese a story 
that when Bishop Seabury on a visitation to Cheshire was told by one 
of the parishioners that the parish was intending to add a steeple to the 
church, he quickly replied with one of his bright flashes of wit: "You 
had better build a Church to your steeple. 

When the plan for an Academy for the education of the children of 
the Church was proposed by Bishop Seabury and some of the clergy, Mr. 
Ives was one of its firmest supporters. He thought that Cheshire pos- 
sessed many advantages and was instrumental in locating there the 
Episcopal Academy. 

Until 1820 he was diligent in labor and careful in the administration 
of the parish. The causes of his resignation are only thus alluded to 
by Dr. Beardsley, the historian of the parish : "Circumstances then, of 
which it is needless now to speak, led to a dissolution of a connection 
which had existed for a period of more than thirty years. During this 
time, the Church had apparently been visited with the love and favor of 
God." 1 

Mr. Ives' work did not cease in other parts of the county when he 
resigned the rectorship of Cheshire, and it is the testimony of those who 
know that several parishes in the county of New Haven were by him 
rescued from an almost moribund condition and restored to vigor and 

Mr. Ives died at his home in Cheshire on October 14, 1836, having 
nearly reached his seventy-fourth year. 

He was one of the humble and meek of the earth, whose work and 
labor of love were indeed appreciated by his contemporaries, but did not 
make him well known to the Church at large. 

1 P. 10. A Historical Sermon delivered in St. Peter's Church, Cheshire, July 28 th , 1839 ; 
it being the last Sunday on which divine service was performed in the old Church. By 
Rev. E. E. Beardsley, Rector of the Parish. * * * Hartford ; Printed by Case, Tiffany & 
Co., Pearl Street, 1839. 8vo, pp. 16. 



Chauncey, the only son of Eleazar and Anna (Scovill) Prindle, was 
born in that part of Waterbury, Connecticut, then called Westbury, now 
Watertown, on July 13, 1753. After being instructed in the district 
schools he was carefully prepared for college by his uncle, the Rev. 
James Scovill, Rector of St. John's, Waterbury. He entered Yale College 
in his nineteenth year and graduated with honor in 1776. During the 
years of the Revolution he remained at home, and like other young men 
who could not serve in the Continental Army, cultivated his father's 
farm to supply a portion of the food needed by the troops in the field. 
It is also probable that he assisted his uncle in the wide missionary circuit 
assigned to Waterbury. 

With Philo Shelton he studied theology under his uncle's direction. 
After due examination he was recommended for ordination by the 
convocation at its meeting in Stamford on May 31, 1787. With Ambrose 
Todd and Bethuel Chittenden he was made deacon in St. John's Church, 
Stamford, on Friday, June 1, 1787. 

His uncle had in the fall of 1785 received an offer from the Venerable 
Society to settle in New Brunswick, with a competent salary. The neces- 
sities of his family by the withdrawal from Missionaries of the Venera- 
ble Society remaining in the United States of the stipends they had 
received induced him to accept. During his absences in New Bruns- 
wick, Mr. Prindle supplied his place. When finally Mr. Scovill gave up 
his temporary arrangement of spending the winters in Waterbury and 
the summers in his new parish of Kingston, New Brunswick, and in 
March, 1788, settled permanently in New Brunswick, Mr. Prindle was 
able to officiate until a rector was called for Waterbury. Mr. Prindle 
had been lay reader in Watertown for some years previous to his 

On February 15, 1788, he was formally called to be minister of St. 
Peter's, Northbury (now Plymouth), at a salary of thirty-seven pounds 
and ten shillings. During the same month he was also called to be 
minister of Christ Church, Watertown, at a salary of thirty pounds. It 
was stipulated that his time should be equitably divided between them. 

Mr. Prindle went to New London soon after accepting the calls and 
was, at the same time with Reuben Ives and Tillotson Bronson, ordained 
priest on St. Matthias' Day, February 24, 1788, in St. James's Church, by 
Bishop Seabury. His work in Watertown and Plymouth was earnest, 
judicious, and successful. So rapid was the growth of the parish that 
the church built in 1765, whose dimensions were thirty-seven by forty- 
five feet, was too small. A new church was determined upon, a better 
site procured for it and a building larger and upon "a more elegant 
plan" was erected. It was occupied in the fall of 1793, and consecrated 
by Bishop Seabury on November 18, 1794. This served the parish until 
^S, when a beautiful Gothic church was completed and consecrated. 

At Plymouth the increase was equally gratifying. A church was 
needed to replace that which had been built about 1740. The only 
difficulty was in agreeing upon a suitable location ; finally the new 

— 140 — 

St. Peter's was built in 1796, and opened during the fall of that year. 
It was consecrated on November 2, 1797, by Bishop Jarvis, being the 
second of those consecrated by that prelate. It still stands upon its hill- 
top and its doors are still open for the service of prayer and praise. 

Mr. Prindle continued to be the able pastor and persuasive preacher 
at Watertown until 1804. when he resigned to give his time more fully 
to Plymouth, which had felt severely the loss of many of its families 
who had removed to the '"western wilderness," which was then in the 
neighborhood of Whitestown, a few miles beyond Utica, New York. 
In his farewell sermon at Christ Church, Watertown, Mr. Prindle stated 
that thirty families had been added to the congregation, there had been 
three hundred and eighty-one baptisms, eighty-six marriages and sixty- 
six burials. 

An incident of his pastoral work was long told in Watertown as show- 
ing his determination to overcome obstacles. He had promised to 
preach at St. John's Church and to baptize some children in Waterbury 
whose parents were about to remove to the West. It was the mid- 
summer of 1795, and there was no clergyman in Waterbury. Between 
Watertown and Waterbury flows the Naugatuck river, which is about 
a third of a mile wide. It was usually crossed in a canoe or forded by 
travellers on horseback. Some distance beyond the village was a bridge. 
Mr. Prindle expected to cross in the canoe, but upon reaching the place 
where it was kept he found that the summer rains had so swollen the 
river that the canoe had disappeared. To retrace his steps and cross by 
the bridge would make him late for his appointment. He plunged boldly 
into the rapid stream and swam across in time to meet his friends, baptize 
their children and send them to their new home rejoicing. In 1806 
Mr. Prindle resigned the charge of Plymouth, where he had been able in 
the two years he devoted to that work to build up again the congregation. 
During the eighteen years of his pastorate he had baptized three hundred 
and thirty-nine persons, married seventeen couples, and buried sixty 

In 1806 he became rector of St. Michael's Church, Salem (now 
Naugatuck), and also of St. Peter's, Oxford. His charge of Salem 
continued until 1814, but he remained at Oxford to the close of his life, 
the same clear and sound preacher and good pastor as in his first 

A church was soon commenced at Salem, and that in Oxford improved. 
St. Peter's, Oxford, was consecrated by Bishop Hobart on his memorable 
first visitation of the Diocese, on October 21, 1816. 

Mr. Prindle was a real missionary and in every hamlet near his home 
was well known and honored. For some years he held services in 
Amity in Woodbridge, and in the later years of his life Christ Church, 
Bethany received his ministrations. Until extreme old age he labored in 
the Gospel without diminution of energy or fervor. 

He died at his home in North Oxford on August 25, 1833, in the 
eighty-first year of his age and was buried in the old cemetery at Gunn- 


The Reverend DAVID FOOTE, M.A. 

David, a son of Asa Foote, and a direct descendant of Nathaniel Foote, 
one of the original settlers of Wethersfield, Connecticut, was born in 
that part of Colchester now Marlborough, on October 5, 1760. His 
early years were spent in his native town, where he was fitted for college. 
In his twelfth year he entered Dartmouth College and was graduated in 

This college in the woods of New Hampshire had under Dr. Eleazar 
Wheelock, its first president, an enviable reputation for scholarship. 

There is no account of his occupations during twelve years after his 

The parish of St. Peter, Hebron, was the nearest to Colchester, and the 
few churchmen in that town attended its services. 

The greater part of St. Peter's congregation were patriots, but its 
rector, the Rev. Samuel Peters, one of the celebrities of the colony for his 
missionary zeal, intense dislike of the "Standing Order," and his literary 
ability, was an outspoken and aggressive loyalist. He went to England 
in 1774. It is possible that Mr. Foote officiated at St. Peter's although 
no traditions or records for that period of the parish history have been 

The Rev. John Tyler, of Christ Church, Norwich, went out from that 
centre into all the surrounding country upon periodical missionary 
journeys. Mr. Tyler may have encouraged Mr. Foote to study for holy 
orders and superintended his studies. In June, 1788, the rector of Nor- 
wich presented him to the Bishop at New London for examination for 
the order of deacon. This ordeal was successfully passed, and on St. 
Barnabas Day, June 11, 1788, David Foote was made deacon by Bishop 
Seabury in St. James's Church, New London. 

Mr. Foote was licensed to preach and was appointed "to serve in the 
congregations of Hebron and Chatham." 

The congregation that is meant in Chatham is evidently that at Middle 
Haddam, where a parish was formed in 1785 and a church built in 1787; 
for the parish in the portion of Chatham known now as Portland was not 
organized until September, 1788. There seems to be no records of Mr. 
Foote's ministrations in the archives of either parish in the town of 

Christ Church, Middle Haddam, was until 1791 under the charge of the 
Rev. Dr. Jarvis of Middletown, as was also Trinity Church, Portland. 
The first rector mentioned in the annals of the parishes who was resident 
is the Rev. Tillotson Bronson, in 1791. 

Mr. Foote, although he has been almost forgotten, did diligently in 
Chatham and Hebron the varied duties of the ministry. 

From his work of restoration and upbuilding he was called to the 
ancient parish of Grace (now Christ) Church, Rye, Westchester County, 
New York. 

In this well ordered and settled community he found his efforts for 
greater temporal prosperity and spiritual growth fully seconded by the 

— 142 — 

members of his new parish. A large increase in attendants and com- 
municants was soon apparent. But as he was maturing plans for the 
future he was suddenly taken from this world on August i, 1793, in the 
thirty-third year of his age. 

His brief ministry showed his courage, his endurance, and his patience 
and held large promise of a brilliant and faithful career. 

Mr. Foote retained his interest in the Diocese of Connecticut, attended 
regularly its convocations and conventions and was reckoned among its 
clergy. His name is also found upon the clergy list of the Diocese of 
New York. 


Abraham Lynsen Clarke is said to have been a native of Milford, 
Connecticut, but his parentage, date of birth, and the events of his early 
years do not seem to be known. 

He was graduated from Yale College in 1785, and then, according to 
tradition, became lay reader in St. Peter's Church in his native town. 

When the Rev Henry Van Dyck left Milford to assume the rectorship 
of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie and Trinity Church, Fishkill, Mr. Clarke 
was left in charge of St. Peter's Church. With Bryan Fairfax, of Vir- 
ginia, he was made deacon by Bishop Seabury in Christ Church, Stam- 
ford, on June 9, 1786. In the spring of 1787 he became rector of St. 
Paul's Church, Huntington, in succession to the Rev. Christopher New- 
ton, who had died on February 6, 1787. He was also rector of Christ 
Church, Tashua, to which he gave one-third of his time. 

He served these parishes with devotion and discretion during his 
diaconate. Upon Trinity Sunday, June 7, 1789, in St. Paul's Church, 
Norwalk, with the Rev. Ambrose Todd and the Rev. Ambrose Hull, he 
was ordained priest by Bishop Seabury. 

A new church was commenced at Tashua in 1789. It was fifty feet in 
length, thirty feet in breadth, and twenty-four feet in height. The 
church was finished in 1790 and consecrated by Bishop Seabury on June 

8, 1795- 

The death in September, 1792, of the Rev. Moses Badger, rector of 
King's Chapel, Providence, Rhode Island, made a vacancy in that 
important and desirable parish. The vestry followed the suggestion of 
the Rev. William Smith, then at Newport, and invited the Rev. John 
Bowden to the parish. His loss of voice compelled him to decline and 
he cordially commended Mr. Clarke as a clergyman who would fill 
admirably the rectorship of that parish. Bishop Seabury wrote to the 
vestry that Mr. Clarke was "not only a gentleman of good character and 
understanding, but also of easy and polite manners, and of diligence in 
his profession." 

Mr. Clarke commenced his duties on Easter Day, March 31, 1793, and 
remained with growing appreciation in Providence for seven years. 
There was increase in the congregation and general prosperity in the 
parish during his incumbency. In 1794 the name of the corporation was 
changed from King's Chapel to St. John's Church. 


Mr. Clarke resigned on March 30, 1800, and soon after took charge 
of St. Michael's Church, Bristol, Rhode Island. This was one of the 
oldest parishes in New England, having been founded in 1719. The 
beloved and venerated John Usher was then rector. He was the first 
child baptized in the parish, and after the death of his father, the Rev. 
John Usher, in 1775, whose connection with St. Michael's extended over 
fifty-two years, had kept it alive by reading the service. Mr. Usher in 
his seventy-third year received holy orders and with all the energy of a 
young man maintained the services and did his parish work. Feeling 
in his eightieth year the need of some relief, Mr. Clarke was called to 
his assistance. 

Mr. Clarke's work was commendable and he showed great considera- 
tion to his colleague. From some cause not fully ascertainable dissension 
arose in the parish and early in 1803 Mr. Clarke resigned. 

He accepted the united parishes of St. James, Newtown, and St. 
George's, Flushing, on Long Island, and was inducted into them in the 
spring of 1803. 

The Church of England had been established on Long Island in the 
beginning of the eighteenth century. Jamaica was the chief parish at the 
western end of the island. Newtown and Flushing had from their organi- 
zation been associated with it under the charge of one incumbent. 

The blindness and other infirmities of the Rev. William Hammell, 
rector in 1794, led to a severing of the long connection between Jamaica 
and the outlying parishes. The Rev. Henry Van Dyck became in 1795 
rector of St. James, Newtown, and also officiated at Flushing. 

The resignation of Mr. Van Dyck in the winter of 1802-03 led to a 
formal union of the two congregations at Newtown and Flushing. It 
was probably due to the knowledge Mr. Van Dyck had of Mr. Clarke 
that the call was made by the vestries of these parishes. 

In the exacting but pleasant and varied duties of a country parson 
Mr. Clarke spent the remainder of his life. He died at St. James's 
parsonage, Newtown, on December 31, 1810. 

The Reverend AMBROSE HULL, M.A. 

Ambrose Hull is, traditionally, a native of Cheshire, Connecticut. 

No authentic documents are available concerning his ancestry, early 
years, and many events of his life. 

He is known to have been graduated from Harvard College in 1785, 
and afterward to have pursued the study of theology. He was recom- 
mended by the convocation at its meeting in North Haven on October 
22, 1788. The entry in the Bishop's register gives the date of the ordi- 
nation of Mr. Hull as deacon as "Sunday the 12th day of October, 1788," 
in Trinity Church, New Haven. The candidate was presented by the 
Rev. Jeremiah Learning. To the entry in his register Bishop Seabury 
appends this : ''Note : The following registry of the ordinations of Mr. 
Foot and Dr. Nesbitt ought to have preceded that of Mr. Hull." 1 The 

1 P. 7. A Reprint in full of the Registry of Ordinations by Bishops Seabury and Jarvis. 


exact date of the ordination it is impossible now to ascertain. Mr. Hull 
was licensed to preach and "appointed to officiate as Deacon at Reading." 
The parish of Christ Church, Reading, is one of the oldest in the Diocese. 
Under the fostering care of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson the Rev. 
Henry Caner established Church of England services there in 1727. The 
congregation came under the pastoral oversight of the Rev. John Beach, 
that noble confessor, until his death in 1782. The first church was built 
in 1732, but as the congregation increased rapidly a larger church was 
erected in 1750. After the Revolution the Rev. Richard S. Clarke of 
New Milford officiated occasionally. Mr. Truman Marsh, of Litchfield, 
acted as lay reader until 1786, when Mr. David Belden was made deacon 
and began a brief ministry. 

On June 7th, 1789, Mr. Hull was made priest in St. Paul's Church, 
Norwalk, by Bishop Seabury at the same time with the Rev. Abraham 
Lynsen Clarke and the Rev. Ambrose Todd. Mr. Hull continued in 
charge of Reading until 1791, when he resigned. It is not certain that 
he took another parish immediately. In 1792 he was rector of the 
"Episcopal Church of Brooklyn," afterward St. Ann's Church. He suc- 
ceeded the Rev. Elijah D. Rattoone, who had become a professor in 
Columbia College. 

The incompleteness of the records of St. Ann's Church for this period 
is an obstacle to ascertaining the cause of Mr. Hull's sudden resigna- 
tion early in January, 1793. 

Mr. Hull's name does not appear in the Journal of any diocese or of 
the General Convention after 1792. There is no record of his deposition 
and there is no reason to suppose any moral delinquency on his part. 
Like two or three other clergymen of that period, notably the Rev. James 
Kilbourn, deacon, who became after a brief ministerial career a prominent 
politician in Ohio, Mr. Hull apparently ceased to execute the priest's 

His later years are said to have been spent in South Carolina, Ohio, 
and Florida. He is reported to have won political honors and ascended 
the judicial bench in East Florida, where it is supposed he died in 1821. 

The Reverend TRUMAN MARSH, M.A. 

Truman Marsh was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, on February 24, 
1768. After completing the course in the common schools he was well 
fitted for college by the Rev. George Beckwith, the Congregational 
minister of Litchfield South Farms (now Morris). He was graduated 
from Yale College in 1786. 

It was then customary for Yale graduates to seek employment as 
tutors in the southern states. Mr. Marsh went to Maryland and became 
an instructor in Cokesbury College, near Baltimore, under the Rev. Levi 
Heath. Mr. Heath gave him a full theological course, and probably was 
his presenter when he was made deacon by Bishop White on March 
5, I789- 


After his ordination, in addition to his duties in the college, he assisted 
Mr. Heath in the parochial work of St. John's parish, Baltimore. 

For various reasons Mr. Marsh was desirous to become a clergyman 
in his native state and on that account refused the principalship of 
Cokesbury College. 

In a letter to Bishop Seabury written from Philadelphia on August 
ii, 1789, Bishop White refers to the ordination of Mr. Marsh and his 
work in Maryland, which was earnest and acceptable. The Bishop also 
says : "I believe him to be a deserving young man and of unblemished 

The ancient and influential parish of St. John's, New Milford, founded 
in 1742 by the Rev. John Beach, became vacant by the removal of the 
Rev. Tillotson Bronson, who had been temporarily in charge. 

Mr. Marsh was invited in 1790 to become its rector and accepted. 

He entered upon his duties soon after his ordination to the priesthood. 
The "Records" show that this service was in the old "meeting house" 
near the Litchfield Green on June 2, 1790, by Bishop Seabury, and that 
Mr. Marsh had been recommended by the clergy of Connecticut. 

Mr. Marsh's work in New Milford, Roxbury, and New Preston, which 
were included in his cure, was characterized by tact, zeal and success. 

The second church building in New Milford, erected in 1765, had 
remained unfinished. The sale by the town of "highway lands" and the 
division of the proceeds among the several "ecclesiastical societies" of 
the town materially benefited the parish. Ultimately the share of St. 
John's Church was forty-six pounds. With twenty-seven pounds, which 
had been paid in 1793, and other contributions, the church was com- 
pleted. Among the "improvements" was a front gallery and a high 
pulpit with winding stairs. 

The church was consecrated by Bishop Seabury on September 25, 1793. 

In 1799 the Rev. David Butler resigned his charge of St. Michael's, 

Mr. Marsh's townsmen appreciated him and he was asked to become 
the successor of Mr. Butler. 

Mr. Marsh removed to Litchfield late in 1799. He there spent the 
remainder of his life; thirty years of it in hard and exacting work. 
He was ever punctual in the performance of his duty and went into every 
nook and corner of the town. He was known and beloved by every one. 

As his health and endurance began to fail after 1810, he was obliged 
to have the help of assistants ; among them were the Rev. Dr. Isaac 
Jones, the Rev. Dr. John S. Stone and the Rev. William Lucas. In 1830, 
having fallen into a state of nervous hypochondria, he felt obliged to 
resign, very much to the regret of his parishioners. 

It is said that during the later months of his active ministry he became 
so much depressed that he shrank from officiating. A simple remedy 
administered by his wife encouraged him. He mounted his horse and 
attended by his man servant proceeded to church, where he read the 

1 P. 338. Connecticut Church Documents, II. 

— 146 — 

service with dignity and preached with logical power and eloquence two 
admirable sermons. In his retirement he did not wholly omit clerical 

He remained to be the confidant and adviser of many of his former 
parishioners, the counsellor and friend of his successors in the parish, 
and a venerable and respected senior among his brethren of the clergy. 

Mr. Marsh ended his earthly life on March 28, 1851, in the eighty- 
fourth year of his age. 

His funeral was largely attended from the Congregational church, 
as the old St. Michael's had been demolished and the new one was not 
completed. The full Church service was used and a funeral sermon 
preached by the Rev. Benjamin W. Stone, rector of the parish. 

Mr. Marsh was entrusted with various diocesan offices, among them 
membership on the Standing Committee, trusteeship in several boards, 
and a clerical deputyship in the General Convention. 

In his Convention address in 1851, Bishop Brownell says : "Few of his 
brethren have surpassed him for clearness of mind, simplicity of char- 
acter, purity of life, and faithfulness to the trust committed to him. 
This venerable brother has been taken from us like a shock of corn fully 
ripe." The Rev. Alonzo B. Chapin in his "Sketches of the Early Clergy" 
gives this characterization : "a fine scholar, an acceptable preacher, an 
able instructor, a man of pure character and unblemished reputation." 1 


Edward, a son of Abraham Blakeslee, was born in North Haven, 
Connecticut, on June 27, 1766. He was educated in the common schools, 
and entered Yale College, where he took a high rank, before his twentieth 
year. He was compelled to leave college in his Junior year on account 
of the sickness and death of his parents. 

From 1786 he had acted as lay reader for St. John's Church, North 
Haven. The congregation were very much pleased with his manner 
of conducting the service and wished him to obtain holy orders. At 
"a meeting in the red school house near Dr. Trumbull's Church," Mr. 
Blakeslee was requested to ride to New London and be ordained. Three 
dollars were voted for his expenses. 

Mr. Blakeslee went to New London bearing letters of commendation 
from the Rev. Drs. Mansfield, Learning, and Hubbard, also the votes 
of the meeting of the congregation of St. John's Church. He had a 
pleasant interview with Bishop Seabury and successfully passed the 
required examinations. 

On Sunday, February 24, 1788, the feast of St. Matthias, he was made 
deacon in St. James's Church, New London, by Bishop Seabury. At the 
same service the Rev. Reuben Ives, the Rev. Chauncey Prindle, and the 
Rev. Tillotson Bronson were ordained priests. 

Mr. Blakeslee was expected by the people of St. John's to become their 
minister. He, however, accepted the invitation of Trinity Church, Bran- 

1 The Calendar, August 19, 1854. 


ford, and for two years worked with faithful diligence in that parish, 
with which were then associated Christ Church, Guilford, and St. John's, 
North Guilford. To properly care for them required much riding and 
constant vigilance. 

In 1790 Mr. Blakeslee resigned, returned to his native town, and 
accepted the pastorate of St. John's and St. Andrew's, Northford. He 
was also expected to explore the surrounding country for churchmen 
and organize new congregations wherever it could be done. During his 
ministry a parish was formed at Hamden and named Grace Church. 

In 1791 Mr. Blakeslee became assistant to the Rev. Dr. Mansfield at 
Derby. He was to assist in the services, preach occasionally, and also 
to visit and hold service in remote parts of the town. 

On Sunday, July 9, 1793, Mr. Blakeslee was ordained priest by Bishop 
Seabury at the same time with Rev. Solomon Blakeslee, the Rev. Russel 
Catling, and the Rev. David Butler in Christ Church, Middletown. In 
the Bishop's register is noted that he was appointed "to the cure of 
Woodbridge for one-half his time, the other half as assistant to the Rev'd 
Dr. Mansfield at Derby." 
In this double duty he was diligent and faithful. 

In that part of Derby then known as Chusetown, afterward 
Humphreysville (now Seymour), a parish was organized in February, 
1797. With this the congregation worshipping on Great Hill was united 
and the new corporation took the name of Union Church. Mr. Blakeslee 
laid the corner-stone of a church building for that parish during the 
early spring of 1797 which was framed and enclosed before the following 
winter. It was not fully completed and ready for consecration until 1817, 
when, on September 2, it was consecrated by Bishop Hobart. The 
ancient frame still remains sound. Upon it in 1857 a new church was 
built and consecrated by Bishop Williams on May 11, 1858, as Trinity 
Church, Seymour. 

Mr. Blakeslee died on July 15, 1797, in the thirty-first year of his age. 
His death was felt as a personal loss by many both in Derby and wher- 
ever he was known. His clerical brethren mourned for him and grieved 
that his earthly ministry had so soon ended, as they had anticipated for 
him a brilliant future. 

This brief extract from a manuscript sermon upon fasting will show 
his method of sermonizing. His text is from St. Luke v. 34, 35. "Can 
ye make the children of the bridechamber fast while the bridegroom 
is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom shall be 
taken away from them and then shall they fast in those days." 

He first states the circumstances under which our Lord spoke these words 
and then shows the necessity for joy while the Bridegroom is with His dis- 
ciples, and the reason for sadness and fasting when the light of His coun- 
tenance is withdrawn from them. He considers the reasons why Christians 
should fast and alludes to the practice of the Primitive Church and the 
obligation resting upon all Christians to follow its example. He then 
says : "Again this Duty is too often abused by considering y e bare per- 
formance of it acceptable to God, without regard to those other Religious 


exercises w h are inseparably connected with it — for Fasting consider* 1 in 
y e Abstract is but A Colateral Duty, & enjoined for no other Purpose 
y n to assist us in y e great & essential Duties of Prayer, Almsgiving & an 
holy life, & is intended to be wholly subservient thereto. If ergo we 
flatter ourselves with y* 5 Notion, y fc having modified our Appetites for a 
little Time, we may y n indulge y m at large, till y e return of the next 
stated Season of Fasting & Humiliation we grossely Deceive ourselves 
& add to our own Condemnation, by turning y* w h is intended for an 
Assistant to Virtue & Godliness, into an Instrument of Impiety & Wicked- 
ness ; since He who lives A good life without fasting, is a much better 
Man y n He who abstains from Meat only, without regarding those other 
ends, w h y 1 Abstinence was designed to promote. 

Notwithstanding, ergo, this as well as many other Religious Duties 
is often neglected or Abused, yet, let us not, for this Reason lay aside 
y e Use of it, but Deliberately consider those good Purposes for w h it was 
originally Designed, & y e great advantages y* will arise to us from a 
regular & conscientious Discharge of it. Fasting, it must be acknowl- 
edged, is a very fit & becoming Act of Humiliation to God for our past 
Offences against his Divine Majesty. The best of us all have abundant 
reason to pray with y e Devout Publican in y e Gospel, L d be merciful, &C." 1 


Solomon, a son of Zophar Blakeslee, was born at North Haven, 
Connecticut, on November 9, 1762. He was educated in the schools 
of the town and when nineteen years old entered Yale College, where 
he maintained a creditable rank and was graduated in 1785. 

He probably studied theology with the Rev. Dr. Mansfield of Derby, 
but was, like other candidates of the period, better versed in the practical 
duties of the ministry than in systematic divinity. The lack of ordained 
clergymen compelled the students to read the service in parishes which 
otherwise would be wholly without the ministrations of the Church. His 
time seems to have been spent largely in Claremont, New Hampshire, 
where a parish had been formed as early as 1770 and a church com- 
menced in 1773. Among the earliest services in Claremont were those 
of the Rev. Samuel Peters, of Hebron, Connecticut, who made a mis- 
sionary tour in 1770 which included Claremont. The parish then was 
occasionally visited by the itinerant missionary in New Hampshire, the 
Rev. Moses Badger, and in 1773 the Rev. Raima Cositt became rector 
and missionary. An outspoken loyalist, Mr. Cossit finally became a mis- 
sionary in Sydney, Cape Breton Island. There is evidence that Mr. 
Blakeslee was in New Hampshire in the closing months of 1788 and that 
he officiated until the time of his ordination. Mr. Blakeslee entered 
heartily into the work and did good service not only in Claremont but also 
in the new settlements of New Hampshire and Vermont. He is known to 
have made several journeys to Connecticut, where he officiated at North 

1 Dr. Burhans' Collection of Manuscript Sermons. The sermon is thus endorsed : Amity, 
March n, 1792 ; Great Hill, March 18, 1792 ; Derby, April i Bt , 1792. 


Haven and other places after his cousin, the Rev. Edward Blakeslee, 
had in 1791 gone to Derby. A recent writer upon North Haven says 
that he was "rather in advance of the older people, and locally known 
as the man who whistled on the sabbath day." 1 

For three years he was in New Hampshire during the greater portion 
of his time. The last services by him in Claremont are in September, 
1792. What he did for the upbuilding of the Church and the searching 
out of the scattered and uncared for people in the wilderness towns and 
hamlets merits high praise. 

A parish by the name of St. Stephen's Church had been formed at 
Haddam, on the Connecticut river, under the auspices of the Rev. Dr. 
Abraham Jarvis of Middletown in April, 1791. Dr. Jarvis in addition to 
his other onerous duties had cheerfully served it until 1792. On March 
1st, 1793, Mr. Blakeslee accepted the charge of it. He was a devoted 
parish priest and a preacher of sound common sense. He possessed a 
practical knowledge of men which made him attractive to his parish- 
ioners. Mr. Blakeslee was ordained priest in Christ Church, Middletown, 
on Sunday, June 9, 1793 by Bishop Seabury at the same time with Edward 
Blakeslee, Russel Catling and David Butler. 

A church was planned in February, 1792, which was to be "fifty- four 
feet long, thirty-seven feet wide, and twenty-one feet posts, with a 
steeple." This church was not finished and ready for consecration until 
October, 1795. The consecration was on St. Luke's Day, October 18, 
1795. It served the parish for nearly a hundred years until the erection 
and consecration of the present St. Stephen's, which is nearer the 
"Landing," in 1890. It still stands, a witness to the zeal of the 
fathers, and a conspicuous and cherished object to all vessels passing 
up or down the river. 

Mr. Blakeslee in 1803 was one of six clergymen who united in a 
memorial to Bishop Jarvis concerning the right of the Rev. Ammi Rogers 
to a seat in the Convention of the Diocese; basing their plea upon 
the principle that "each parish has a right to choose its own rector," 
subject to the approval of the Bishop. For one of his parishes the 
memorial stated Mr. Rogers had obtained approval. 2 

In thus joining with five of his brethren of undoubted loyalty to the 
Diocese and conspicuously successful as parish priests, Mr. Blakeslee 
did not intend to prejudge the case of Mr. Rogers or oppose the deci- 
sion of the Bishop. 

The rector of East Haddam had the pleasure of seeing the church 
well filled and new families of intelligence inquiring into the principles 
of the American Church, many of whom became earnest and consistent 

In 1815 the Rev. Charles Seabury, who had succeeded his father, the 

1 P. 155. North Haven A nnats, * * * by Sheldon B. Thorpe. New Haven : 1892. The 
Rev. Wm. Lusk's sketch of St. John's Church. 

* P. 31. Dr. Beardsley's "History " II. The other clergymen were the Rev. Dr. Mans- 
field, of Derby ; the Rev. John Tyler, of Norwich ; the Rev. Ambrose Todd, of Hunting- 
ton; the Rev. Joseph Warren, of Middletown : and the Rev. Smith Miles, of Chatham. 

— i 5 c— 

Bishop, as rector of St. James's Church, New London, resigned. On 
March 2.7, 1815, Mr. Blakeslee was chosen as his successor. He accepted 
immediately and soon after removed to New London. During his three 
years incumbency there was much activity and abundant life in the old 
parish. In 1816 the gallery in St. James's Church was lowered and in 
1817 a small organ of English manufacture and of excellent tone, was 
presented to the parish and placed in the gallery. Previously the music 
had been entirely vocal. This was the first organ in New London. Mr. 
Blakeslee's advocacy of the deposed priest, Ammi Rogers, in which his 
neighbor, the Rev. John Tyler, of Norwich, joined, brought him into 
disfavor with some of his brethren. It seemed expedient for him to 
resign St. James's Church, which he did early in 1818. East Haddam 
had been vacant since Mr. Blakeslee's departure for New London and 
had relied upon him for various clerical offices. 

Yielding to the wishes of his former parishioners, he accepted in April, 
1818, the call made by them and continued to serve the parish until 
October, 1821. 

Mr. Blakeslee then went to St. James's Church, Great Barrington, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he did excellent work until May, 1827. In 1828 he 
returned to Connecticut but without taking any parochial charge, and 
soon after removed to the state of New York. He made his home at 
New Lisbon, Otsego County, in that picturesque region made famous by 
the pen of James Fenimore Cooper. It was that part of the state long 
blessed with the unceasing labors of that apostolic missionary affection- 
ately known as "Father Nash." 

Mr. Blakeslee as he had health and opportunity engaged in mission 
work in Otsego and Chenango Counties with much acceptance and 

He died at New Lisbon on April 10, 1835, in the seventy-third year of 
his age. 

Bishop Onderdonk of New York in his Convention address for 1835 
says of him : "He had been for several years residing on an estate in 
Otsego County, and rendered important gratuitous service to the mis- 
sionary cause in this Diocese. * * * I am personally cognisant of 
much good which he had done to the Church in our Diocese." The 
Rev. Dr. Robert Hallam, who was a boy in St. James's in New London 
during Mr. Blakeslee's rectorship, gives these recollections of Mr. 
Blakeslee in his valuable "Annals of St. James's Church, New London": 
"He was a man of peculiarly cheerful, genial, and social temperament, 
an agreeable companion and associate; but was thought to be by many, 
perhaps not without reason, somewhat deficient in the gravity and 
seriousness which became his calling." 1 

1 P. 88. Annals of St. James's Church, Neiv London, /or one hundred and fifty years ; 
by Robert A. Hallam, D.D., Rector. The Church Press: M. H. Mallory & Co., Hartford, 
Conn., 1873. i2mo, pp. v, 120. 

Note II 

The edifice in which the opening service of the Convocation was held 
and the Rev. Truman Marsh was ordained priest, was the second built 
for the First Ecclesiastical Society of Litchfield. Its first house was 
commenced in April, 1723, and finished in 1726. It was a neat but plain 
building without a steeple, forty-five feet long and thirty-five feet wide. 
The second house was completed in 1762, and was a much more stately 
structure with a steeple. Its dimensions were sixty feet by forty-five feet. 
It stood until 1829. 

Its location was nearly in the centre of the Green. The Court House 
stood about opposite the centre of Town street with the "meeting house" 
on the east and the school house on the west. 

The Rev. Judah Champion, a native of East Haddam, Connecticut, 
who had been settled on July 4, 1753, was then the pastor. Mr. Cham- 
pion was the firm and helpful friend of the Continental soldiers, many 
of whom passed through Litchfield on their way to the American camps 
on the Hudson and in the Jersies. He often gave them substantial meals 
and provided clothing and other necessities. 

The story was long told in Litchfield of a Sabbath afternoon of weaving 
and knitting by the women of his congregation when the capture of St. 
John's New Brunswick, and the destitute condition of the American 
troops had been announced from the pulpit in the morning. 

A prayer of Mr. Champion's in which he implored the destruction of 
the enemies of America and the safety of its defenders has often been 
quoted. Mr. Champion served for some time as a chaplain in the Con- 
tinental Army. He retired from active service in the ministry in October, 
1798, and died in 1810, in his eighty-first year. Throughout his long life 
he was socially and religiously a power in the community. 

The first St. Michael's Church was built in 1747, on a hill about a 
mile west of the centre of the village. The second church was built upon 
one of the main streets in 1812. It was consecrated in 1824, by Bishop 

The third church was built upon the same site in 1851 and consecrated 
by Bishop Brownell on December 16, 1851. 1 

1 The Rev. Dr. Seymour, the present Rector of St. Michael's, has furnished some inter 
esting particulars for this note. 

Note III 

David, a son of Micah and Grace (Sturgis) Perry, was born in 1747. 

His ancestors were well known in Fairfield County and traced their 
descent from Richard Perry, an eminent lawyer, who had emigrated from 
England in 1637, settled in New Haven in 1642 and had acquired large 
tracts of land in Fairfield County. 

David Perry studied medicine, and at the age of twenty-five settled in 
Ridgefield. He soon had an extensive practice in that pleasant town and 
the surrounding region. He is said to have been both bold and successful 
in the trial of new remedies. Dr. Perry was a stanch supporter of St. 
Stephen's Church. 

This parish owes its existence to the missionary zeal of the Rev. Dr. 
Samuel Johnson, who visited the town in 1725. It was faithfully served 
by the Rev. Henry Caner, the Rev. John Beach, the Rev. James Wet- 
more, the Rev. Joseph Lawson, the Rev. Richard Clark, and the Rev. 
Epenetus Townsend during the Colonial period. Mr. Townsend left 
Ridgefield early in July, 1776. The services were then suspended. The 
first church had been built in 1740 "directly in front of the Sturtevant 
lot." It became a storehouse for supplies for the American Army and 
was burned by the British in April, 1777, on their return from the raid 
on Danbury. No regular services of the church seem to have been held 
until after the Revolution, when Dr. Perry acted as lay reader. A 
meeting to consider the building of a new church was held on June 19, 
1784. Dr. Perry seems to have been very active in arousing the latent 
energy of the parish and his name heads the call for this meeting. It was 
then determined to build a new church whose dimensions were to be 
"forty by thirty feet with eighteen foot posts" at "the northeast corner of 
the Sturtevant lot so called adjoining the town street in the first society of 
Ridgefield on a piece of ground given by Benjamin Smith for that pur- 
pose." While the frame of the church was finished and the building 
occupied in 1785, it was not fully completed and furnished until 1791. 

After the brief incumbency of four months in 1788 by the Rev. David 
Belden, deacon, Dr. Perry resumed his duties as lay reader, to the great 
satisfaction of the congregation. At a parish meeting held at the Town 
House on the first Monday in August, 1789, it was "voted that Doct. 
David Perry receive Holy Orders for this Society." The "Records" give 
the fact of his ordination as Deacon on June 6, 1790. In the "Register" 
the Bishop records the ordination as "special." The candidate had been 
recommended by the clergy and was "licensed to preach." * 

The double duty of priest and physician seems at first to have been 
performed with much vigor. Three parishes were under his care, Ridge- 

1 P. 8, Registry of Ordinations, by Bishops Seabury and Jarvis. 

— 153 — 

field. Redding, and Danbury. He fully earned the higher office of priest- 
hood to which he was ordained in St. John's Church, Stratfield (now 
Bridgeport), on October 16, 1791. 1 His presenter was the Rev. Philo 

The growth of the congregations made necessary more supervision 
than such a busy man as Dr. Perry could give. Discontent arose in 
some portions of the parish. Rumors of it at last reached the ears 
of the Bishop and his clerical brethren. They had been grieved that 
he did not attend the meetings of either the Convention or Convocation. 
Severe comments were made upon his conduct and urgent requests 
sent to him to show respect and regard for his brethren by attendance. 

The Convocation finally took action in 1794, as the "Records" show. To 
the Bishop's letter of admonition a reply was received from Dr. Perry, in 
which he declared his intention of resigning immediately his pastoral 
charge and relinquishing the exercise of his ministry. This letter, as the 
text of the Records informs us, was laid before the Convocation on June 

3, 1795- 

There seems to have been no more formal act of deposition than the 
resolution entered upon the "Records." 2 

Dr. Perry continued in lay communion, devoting all his time to the 
practice of medicine, until his death on May 8, 1822. 

His son and grandson became well known physicians in Ridgefield, 
where his descendants were for many years faithful members of the 
parish which he had served. 

1 P. 8, Registry of Ordinations. 2 See pp. 44, 45, 46, 47, ante. ' 

Note IV 

The Reverend DANIEL FOGG. 

Daniel Fogg, the son of a prosperous farmer, was born at Rye, New 
Hampshire, on August 18, 1743. 

The death of his father and mother while he was a child placed him at 
an early age under the care of his uncle, the Rev. Jeremiah Fogg, who 
was the Congregational minister of Kensington, a neighboring town. 

By him the boy was carefully trained, and in 1760 entered Harvard 
College. He maintained a high rank in his class and also excelled in all 
athletic sports, being, it is said, the best football player of his time. Mr. 
Fogg was graduated with high honors in 1764. 

It was while in college that he studied the doctrines and polity of the 
Church of England, and probably learned much of her excellencies from * 
the energetic young missionary of Christ Church, Cambridge, the Rev. 
East Apthorp, who was both a scholar and a busy parish priest* Becoming 
convinced of the primitive truth and apostolic order of the Church, he 
"declared" for it and studied theology under the Rev. Dr. Henry Caner of 
King's Chapel, Boston. This course of the nephew is represented as not 
displeasing to his uncle, who was "one of the small minority of his 
denomination holding Armenian tenets, thus naturally without any 
extreme antipathy to that very uncalvanistic body, the Communion of the 
Church of England in America." l To support himself he opened a 
school of high grade in Newburyport, which was well patronized. 

In the spring of 1770 he "went home" to England to receive Holy 
Orders. He was duly confirmed, passed successfully the Bishop of 
London's examination, and was made deacon on August 19, 1770, and 
was ordained priest on August 24, 1770, by the Rt. Rev. Richard Terrick, 
Bishop of London. 

Upon his return he became temporarily assistant to Dr. Caner. 

After a brief service in Boston, Mr. Fogg went to North Carolina, 
where he did faithful work as a missionary and a teacher. Ill health 
obliged him to seek again a Northern climate, and in May, 1772, he 
accepted the incumbency of Trinity Church, Brooklyn, in the town of 
Pomfret, Connecticut. 

The story of the building of this church through the determination of 
Colonel Godfrey Malbone, who owned a large estate in Pomfret, is one of 
the romantic incidents of our Connecticut Church history. 

Mr. Fogg was an industrious and painstaking pastor. 

During the Revolution he remained in Brooklyn, which was also the 
home of the patriot General Putnam, sharing with Colonel Malbone the 

1 The Rev. Thomas Bnnley Fogg, in The Herald, New London, Archdeaconry Quar- 
terly, March, 1891. Vol. I, No. 3. 

— 155 — 

odium of being a Tory. Neither was molested. While the church had 
to be closed, there was no disturbance of the services held at the house 
of Colonel Malbone. 

Mr. Fogg was one of the ten clergymen who, on the Feast of the 
Annunciation, 1783, met at Woodbury to elect a Bishop for Connecticut. 
The importance of his letters on the subject has been already noted. 

In the quiet discharge of his duty in a parish which was neither 
wealthy nor able to expand largely, he passed the remainder of his life. 

He is described as the kind friend and adviser of his parishioners, fond 
of society and an agreeable companion. His sermons, it is said, were 
highly esteemed by persons of good judgment. 

Mr. Fogg departed this life on June 29, 1815, in the seventy-second year 
of his age. The burial was in Trinity Churchyard on July 2. The Rev. 
Philander Chase came from Hartford to perform this last office for his 
brother in the ministry. 

The Reverend JOHN TYLER. 

John, a son of John and Mary (Doolittle) Tyler, was born in Walling- 
ford, Connecticut, on August 15, 1742. He was descended from Roger 
Tyler, one of the original proprietors of Wallingford. 

Mr. Tyler was graduated from Yale College in 1765 with distinction 
and pronounced the valedictory oration. He took a post graduate course 
at King's College, New York City (now Columbia University), under 
that versatile, accomplished man, President Miles Cooper. This was 
then very unusual. He received both the Bachelor's and Master's 
degrees from that institution. Like many other young men in Con- 
necticut, he abandoned the "Standing Order" in which he had been 
brought up, declared for the Church, and studied theology under the Rev. 
Dr. Samuel Johnson, then enjoying a well earned rest at Stratford. He 
assisted Dr. Johnson on Sundays, and by some of the people of Christ 
Church was thought worthy to be the successor of that Nestor of the 
Colonial Church. He had also read the services in Dr. Johnson's native 
town, Guilford, vacant by the removal of the Rev. Bela Hubbard to New 

Mr. Tyler went to England on May 10, 1768, sailing from New York 
in the ship Edward. He bore testimonials from Dr. Johnson and the 
Connecticut clergy to the Bishop of London and the Venerable Society. 
He also carried a petition from the Wardens and Vestry of Christ 
Church, Guilford, for the erection of a new mission, of which Guilford 
should be the central station and the appointment of Mr. Tyler as the 

Upon his arrival in England he sought first the powerful personal aid 
of the Hon. William Samuel Johnson, a son of Dr. Johnson, then the 
agent of the Colony of Connecticut in London. By him he was intro- 
duced to many persons of influence and the object of his quest facilitated. 
He was examined on June 20, by Dr. Carr, chaplain to the Bishop of 
London. On Friday, June 24, the feast of St. John Baptist, "at nine 


o'clock in the morning," Mr. Tyler was made deacon by the Rt. Rev. Dr. 
Terrick, Bishop of London. On Wednesday, June 29, St. Peter's Day, 
he was ordained priest in Fulham Chapel by the same prelate. 

It was a very great disappointment that Dr. Burton, the Secretary, and 
other authorities of the Venerable Propagation Society would not erect 
Guilford into a mission. Mr. Tyler was chosen by the Society for the 
mission at Norwich, made vacant by the removal of the Rev. John 
Beardsley to Poughkeepsie, New York, with a salary of thirty pounds a 

Mr. Tyler sailed for New York on August 2 in the same vessel in 
which he went to England. After a stormy passage and much detention 
by contrary winds, the Edward reached New York on September 26, 

He made several visits to friends in New York and Stratford, spent 
some days with his family at the home in Wallingford, and commenced 
his duties at Norwich on November r. 

A journal kept by him during the six months he spent in obtaining 
Holy Orders, which give many interesting glimpses of his life on ship- 
board and sojourn in London, was privately printed in 1894 by Mr. 
Tyler's grandson, the Rev. Dr. Alfred L. Brewer, the founder of St. 
Matthew's Hall, San Mateo, California. 

Mr. Tyler was an earnest and faithful pastor. When Trinity Church, 
Pomfret, was ready for use, Colonel Malbone invited Mr. Tyler to preach 
the opening sermon. It is said that the service of opening "was made as 
nearly one of consecration as was possible." 

During the Revolution the Rector of Norwich remained in his parish. 
The church was closed from 1776 to 1779, but services were held in the 
Rector's house. He suffered little indignity from the patriots, although 
it is traditional that there were attempts to poison his well. 

In 1779 Mr. Tyler, after consultation with his parishioners, agreed to 
open the church and use the prayer for Congress, provided the congrega- 
tion desired it. The church was then opened, to the great satisfaction of 
the people. There were no startling events in the parish of Christ 
Church. Harmony and progress were apparent. As the years went on, 
Mr. Tyler became more endeared to the people. He practiced medicine 
freely among the poor, and this often won them to a true religious life. 

Upon Sunday, February 28, 1796, Mr. Tyler had the distinction of 
officiating at the funeral of the first Bishop of the American Church, Dr. 
Samuel Seabury, at New London. Mr. Tyler died on January 20, 1823, 
in the eighty-first year of his age. 

Two sermons of Mr. Tyler's were printed, that at the "Opening of 
Trinity Church, Pomfret, April 5, 1771," and one upon "The Blessing of 
Peace," preached at Christ Church, Norwich, on the "Continental 
Thanksgiving," February 19, 1795. An extract from the sermon on 
Peace will show his style : 

"I might, indeed, upon this Occasion congratulate with Views of our 
National Prosperity — of the extensiveness of our Territory — of the 
various and happy Climates in it — of our rapidly growing Numbers — of 


the great Increase of New Settlements — of the Security we enjoy by 
being so distant from powerful and corrupted Nations — of our various 
great and increasing Resources for Wealth or War. I might remind you 
that the natural means of our Subsistence are so great, that in a measure 
we are become the Granary of other Nations — that Knowledge and all 
useful arts are making great Progress among us — and I might boast of 
the Liberality and Prosperity of our free and happy Constitution of Gov- 
ernment. But what are all these things without the divine Blessing and 
Protection? And what purpose would all this Adulation serve, but, 
instead of promoting real Gratitude to God, rather perhaps to excite and 
encourage pride ; which is the great Bane of Man : and it is one great 
Purpose of God, in national as well as private Judgments to hide Pride 
from Man. I might indeed have said little else, except what would con- 
tribute something to promote the Arrogance of National Prosperity. 
But perhaps I should have fallen under the condemnation of the false 
Prophets in Judah; of whom Jehovah of Hosts said, — They have healed 
the hurt of the daughter of my People slightly, saying Peace, peace, when 
there is no Peace. For says the Prophet There is no Peace, saith my 
God, to the wicked. This last is what innumerable Facts in every Age 
have proclaimed. But more especially this holds true in free popular 
Governments, like ours. For there must be public Virtue, or they can not 
flourish with Peace and Prosperity. There must also be' private Virtue 
or there will be no such thing as public Virtue. There must be Religion, 
or there will be neither public nor private Virtue. There must be true 
Religion, otherwise there will be generally abundance of false Religion. 
And there must be attendance on the Worship of God, otherwise there 
will soon be no Religion at all." 1 

The Reverend AMBROSE TODD, M.A. 

Ambrose Todd was born in that portion of the town of Branford, 
Connecticut, known as Northford, on December 7, 1764. 

He was educated in the common schools, studied assiduously to pre- 
pare himself for college and was graduated with honor from Yale College 
in 1786. He spent a year pursuing a course of theology and was made 
deacon by Bishop Seabury in St. John's Church, Stamford, on June 1, 
1787, at the same time as Mr. Chauncy Prindle and Mr. Bethuel Chit- 
tenden. 2 

He at once took charge of St. Andrew's Church, Simsbury (now St. 
Andrew's, Bloomfield) , which was vacant by the final removal in 1787 of 
the Rev. Roger Viets, one of the most accomplished clergymen in the 
State and Diocese, to Digby, Nova Scotia. 

Mr. Todd was ordained priest in St. Paul's Church, Norwalk, by 
Bishop Seabury, on Trinity Sunday, June 7, 1789, at the same time as the 
Rev. Ambrose Hall and the Rev. Abram Lynsen Clark. 3 

1 Pp. 17, 18, The Blessing of Peace, * * * by John Tyler, A.M., 8vo, pp. 20. Printed 
by John Trumbull, Norwich, MDCCXCV. 

2 P. 6, Registry of Ordinations. 3 P. 8, Registry of Ordinations. 


Mr. Todd's work in Simsbury, Granby and other places in the vicinity 
was both conscientious and successful. He was a man of profound 
earnestness and strict in his attention to all the duties of his ministry. 
His direct and plain speaking caused Mr. Alexander Viets Griswold, a 
nephew of the Rev. Roger Viets, to study for the ministry. The whole 
Church knows the result ; a faithful priesthood, followed by an energetic 
episcopate in the association of dioceses, known as the Eastern Diocese, 
which revived the Church in the greater part of New England. 

After eleven years of hard work, to the great sorrow of his par- 
ishioners, Mr. Todd accepted the rectorship of St. Paul's Church, Hunt- 
ington, Connecticut, where he remained until the close of his earthly life, 
using all faithful diligence in building up the parish. 

Mr. Todd died of consumption, after an illness of three months, on 
July 25, 1809, in the forty-fifth year of his age. 

A writer in The Churchman's Magazine describes Mr. Todd as 
"prudent in his secular concerns, and an active and faithful servant in 
the vineyard. He was much beloved by his parishioners, heard with 
attention and treated with respect, and died much lamented. His life 
and conversation were such as to leave a lasting impression." 1 

Two of his sons entered the ministry. The Rev. Charles Jarvis Todd 
was for many years a missionary in Illinois, where he died in 1859. The 
Rev. Ambrose Seymour Todd spent two years as rector of Christ Church, 
Redding, and St. James' Church, Danbury, and then became the honored 
and beloved rector of St. John's Church, Stamford, for nearly forty 
years. He died in 1861. 

The Reverend GEORGE OGILVIE, M.A. 

George, a son of the Rev. John and Catharine (Symes) Ogilvie, was 
born at Albany, New York, in 1758. His father, probably the most 
finished pulpit orator in the Colonial Church, was then the incumbent of 
St. Peter's Church, Albany, and missionary to the Mohawk Indians. Dr. 
Ogilvie in 1764 became an assistant minister of Trinity Church, New 
York City. His son George was very carefully educated at home and in 
the best schools of the city. He was graduated from King's College 
(now Columbia University), of which his father was a governor, in 

Great responsibility came to him at this early age, for his father died 
suddenly of apoplexy on November 26, 1774. 

During the Revolution, like many others in the City of New York, it 
is said that he joined the Royal American Regiment of Colonel Edmund 
Fanning and became a commissioned officer. It is traditional that at the 
close of the war he went to England, but his visit could not have been a 
long one, as he was living in Newark, New Jersey, in 1785, and studying 
theology under the Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden, Rector of Trinity Church, 
Newark. At the second Convention of the Diocese of New Jersey, which 
was held in St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy, on May 16, 1785, Mr. 
Ogilvie was a lay delegate. 

1 P. 374, The Churchman' s Magazine, September and October, i8og, Vol. 6, No. 5. 


At the first ordination held by Bishop Provoost on July 15, 1787, in St. 
George's Chapel, New York City, Mr. Ogilvie was made deacon at the 
same time with Mr. Joseph Grove John Bend and Mr. Richard Channing 
Moore. Mr. Ogilvie became minister of Christ Church, New Brunswick, 
New Jersey, soon after his ordination. He was a good reader of the 
service and a preacher of marked originality. He had a pleasant manner, 
and in person is said to have resembled his father, who was a large, 
portly man with a highly intellectual countenance. 

St. Paul's Church, Norwalk, Connecticut, to its very sincere regret, 
had accepted the resignation of the Rev. Dr. John Bowden, whose health 
required a total cessation from work, in the summer of 1789. At the 
termination of a six months' engagement with the Rev. David Foote in 
May, 1790, Mr. Ogilvie was invited to the rectorship. Upon his arrival 
in that pleasant shore town he found some of the congregation who still 
recalled with pleasure the brief term forty years before when Dr. John 
Ogilvie had officiated. Mr. Ogilvie was energetic and industrious. The 
congregation generously seconded his plans for the improvement and 
completion of the church edifice, which had taken the place of the one 
burned by the British during the Revolution, and which had been conse- 
crated by Bishop Seabury in 1786, on the first occasion when the office 
of consecration was used in the United States. 

The six years spent by him in this parish were pleasant and profitable 
to both priest and people. 

Mr. Ogilvie resigned the rectorship of St. Paul's in October, 1796. It 
was accepted by the Vestry with expressions of unqualified respect and 

Upon October 26, 1796, a call was extended by the Vestry of Christ 
Church, Rye, Westchester County, New York. This was one of the 
most ancient parishes in that diocese and had been served by many strong 
and eminent men, among them the Rev. George Muirson, the first clergy- 
man of the Church who held regularly services in the Colony of Con- 

Mr. Ogilvie assumed his new duties in the fall of 1796 and was rapidly 
gaining the affection of his parishioners when, after a brief illness, he 
died on April 3, 1797, in the fortieth year of his age and the tenth of his 
ministry. He was buried in the plot reserved in the old cemetery of the 
parish for its rectors and sincerely mourned by all his friends. 

Note V 

The adjourned session of the General Convention of 1789 met in Christ 
Church, Philadelphia, on Tuesday, September 29, 1789, the feast of St. 
Michael and All Angels. As there was no quorum present, the Conven- 
tion adjourned until Wednesday, September 30, when the representatives 
of the Church in New England, Bishop Seabury, Dr. Parker, Mr. 
Hubbard and Mr. Jarvis, were cordially welcomed. 

The Rt. Rev. Dr. White of Pennsylvania presided, ex officio. 

The testimonials of the New England deputation were read and 
"deemed satisfactory." 

Bishop Seabury then "produced his letters of consecration to the holy 
office of a Bishop in this Church," which after being read were ordered 
to be recorded. 

A resolution to go into committee of the whole on the subject of the 
proposed union with the Churches in the States of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts and Connecticut, as now represented in the Convention, 
was then unanimously adopted. 

On Thursday, October 1, the Committee of the Whole sat with the Rev. 
Dr. Robert Smith of Charleston, South Carolina, in the chair. 

The discussion was long but without bitterness. Bishop White had 
some apprehension that political considerations might enter into the 
debate, as several of the lay deputies were ardent patriots and held high 
positions in the State and nation. There was still a feeling of bitterness 
toward all who had sympathized with England. Bishop Seabury had not 
only given his sympathy, but had ably argued in pamphlets the cause of a 
United British Empire. He had also served as chaplain to the Royal 
American Regiment of Colonel Edmund Fanning and received from the 
British Government a half-pay pension. The scruples of some who 
approached Bishop White with this objection to his eligibility to sit in the 
Convention were met by that wise and amiable prelate with the state- 
ment that Bishop Seabury received his pension for past and not present 
or future services; that it was no bar to his being a citizen of Con- 
necticut, with all its rights and privileges, and that he or any other citizen 
of that State similarly circumstanced could be returned as a member of 
Congress. This satisfied them and no objection on that score was 
raised in the Convention. 1 

The final action of the Committee was to report a resolution that, for 
the better promotion of an union with the deputies from the Eastern 

1 Pp. 167, 168, Memoirs of the Churck. William White, D.D. Edition of 1880. New 
York : E. P. Dutton & Co. 

— i6i — 

Churches," the General Constitution previously established was open to 

Upon its report to the Convention the resolution, after a division had 
been called for, passed in the affirmative. The Rev. Dr. William Smith, 
Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, the Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, 
Rector of St. Philip's Church, Charleston, South Carolina, the Rev. 
Dr. Benjamin Moore, of Trinity Church, New York, the Hon. Richard 
Harison, of New York City, and the Hon. Tench Coxe of Philadelphia, 
were appointed a Committee of Conference with the Eastern representa- 

The chief objection of Bishop Seabury and the New England clergy 
was to the impairment of the rights of the Episcopal office. They con- 
tended that the Bishops should deliberate by themselves, have the right 
to originate business, and the power to veto any proposition from the 
lower house, and that no act should be valid without the concurrence of 
the two houses. The proposed Book of Common Prayer was too very 

It was hoped that the Convention would remedy its defects and return 
to the sounder presentation of doctrine in the English Book. 

A spirit of harmony and conciliation was apparent at the formal con- 
ference held on Thursday evening, October I. The full Episcopal 
negative was granted and a House of Bishops was to be organized when 
there were three Bishops or more. 

Dr. William Smith drew up the report in which these changes in 
Article III of the Constitution were proposed. The Episcopal negative 
was said to be "desirable in itself," and would have "a tendency to give 
greater stability to the Constitution without diminishing any security that 
is now possessed by the clergy or laity." 

In the course of the debate there was manifest reluctance to yield all 
power to the upper house, although every one admitted the necessity of a 
union of the Church in the United States. Finally the article was 
amended so as to require that the Episcopal veto should be subject to 
revision by the lower house, and any act could be passed over the veto by 
four-fifths of the house of clerical and lay deputies. The Bishops were 
also to send in writing the reasons for their disapproval. 

To this modification, which was largely due to the attitude and argu- 
ment of Mr. Robert Andrews of Virginia, who said that the full negative 
would not be allowed or upheld in his State, "the Eastern gentle- 
men acquiesced, but reluctantly," 1 

The granting of the full negative was left to the consideration of the 
several dioceses for action at the next General Convention. 

The amended Constitution was submitted to Bishop Seabury and the 
Eastern deputies, who gave their assent in this brief document : 

1 P. 170, Memoirs of the Church. Bishop White. 


— 1 62 — 

We do hereby agree to the Constitution of the Church as Modified this 
Day in the Convention — 2d October 1789 

Samuel Seabury, D.D. Bp. 
Epl Ch'ch Connect. 
Connecticut — 
Abraham Jarvis A. M. 
Rector of Christ's Church, 

Bela Hubbard, A.M. 

Rector of Trinity Church, 
New Haven. 
Samuel Parker, D.D. 
Rect r Trinty Church Boston 
Massachusetts & Clerical Deputy 
for Massachusetts & New Hampsh re . 

The original is written on a half sheet of letter paper, five and three- 
quarters by seven inches in size. It is among the most precious docu- 
ment preserved in the archives of the General Convention and is 
the witness to the final union of the Church in America. 1 

Bishop Seabury and the Eastern deputies then took their seats as 
members of the Convention, amid general rejoicing. 

After adding Dr. Parker and Mr. Jarvis to the committee on the 
revision of the Canons, the Convention adjourned for the day. 

Upon Saturday the Convention met, and after prayers read by the Rev. 
Uzal Ogden of Newark, New Jersey, and listening to some letters from 
the Rt. Rev. Dr. Provoost of New York, who was detained by illness, 
resolved that there was now in this Convention, agreeably to the revised 
Constitution, a separate House of Bishops. The Bishops withdrew to 
another room in the State House, where the sessions had been held since 
Friday. Both houses considered the revision of the Prayer Book, or 
rather the setting forth of a new book. By general consent the proposed 
Book was not mentioned. The lower house proceeded on the assumption 
that they were preparing an entirely distinct form of Common Prayer 
according to their resolutions. In the House of Bishops, over which the 
Bishop of Connecticut presided, the English Book served as the basis 
with such modifications as seemed necessary to adapt it to the circum- 
stances of the American Church. It is not intended to detail here what 
was then done. The work of the Convention gave to the American 
Church the Prayer Book as it was until the revision of 1892. In that 
work Bishop Seabury and the Connecticut deputies had an influential 

That nearly a year should have elapsed before any action was taken by 
this Diocese is to be explained by the fact that the new standard Prayer 

1 For the action of the Convention, see pp. 70-74, Bioren's reprint of Journals of the 
General Convention ; also pp. 356-359, Connecticut Church Documents. II. For the agree- 
ment, seep. 74, Bioren's reprint of Journals; also p. 355, Connecticut Church Documents 
II. It is given in reduced fac-simile in Fac-Similes of Church Documents. Papers issued 
by the Historical Club of the American Church. 1874-1879, privately printed. 

— 163— 

Book was not issued from the press of Hall & Sellers in Philadelphia 
until August, 1790. 

The Rev. Dr. Samuel Farmar Jarvis has preserved this interesting 
statement taken from the manuscripts of his father, Bishop Jarvis, one 
of the proctors of the Connecticut clergy: 

"With respect to the extent of the proposed alterations the Convention 
was equally divided. The delegates from five of the States, viz : New 
Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey, 
were averse from any alterations, except the omission or adaptation of 
particular prayers in the daily service to the Government of the United 
States. Of the two Bishops present (Bishops Seabury and White), the 
former advocated the alteration in the Communion Service and the 
addition of some occasional prayers ; in all other particulars he strenu- 
ously opposed even such as were verbal. Strong impressions that 
a disunion would work ruin to the American Church induced that part 
of the Convention most attached to her interest and sound doctrine to 
submit to a compromise, in hopes that at some future day the real friends 
of the Church would be enabled to correct these defects to which the 
want of right principles and the fervor for innovation in their opponents 
had obliged them reluctantly to consent. 

This may account for all the departures from the English Prayer Book, 
and for the latitude given in many rubrics to the officiating minister 
which laid the foundation of diversity in the use of the Liturgy." 1 

Dr. Jarvis adds to these written words of his father the substance of 
many conversations in which he learned fully the events of the critical 
period of the American Church, and states "the remarkable fact that 
notwithstanding all the prejudice against Bishop Seabury which existed 
in the minds of some of the deputies, principally of the laity from the 
State of Pennsylvania, Virginia and South Carolina, all the alterations 
which he advocated were passed without a dissenting voice. I look with 
devout thankfulness to God that the Prayer of Consecration from the 
Connecticut Liturgy, modelled as I have said on that of 1549, was 
admitted without opposition and in silence, if not in reverence. In 
common with the clergy and laity of the five Northern States the Bishop 
lamented the exclusion of the Athanasian Creed, the displacement of the 
Nicene as the Creed of Communion and the false views of absolution 
which broke down the distinction between Communicants and Non-Com- 
municants." 2 

1 Pp. 25, 26, A Voice from Connecticut. 

2 Pp. 26, 27, A Voice from Connecticut. 

For an account of the alterations see : pp. 104-107, Bp. Perry's "Early American Prayer 
Books" in "The Genesis of the American Prayer Book" edited by C Ellis Stevens, 
LL.D., D.C.L. New York : James Pott & Co. 1893. i2mo, pp. xi, 169. 

Liturgiae Americanae, or the Book of Common Prayer as used in the United States of 
America, compared with the Proposed Book of 1786 and with the Prayer Book of the 
Church of England, and An Historical Account and Documents . . . by William 
McGarvey, B.D. 8vo, pp. lxxxiii, 490 + 90. Philadelphia : MDCCCXCV. 

Note VI. 

St. James's Church (now St. John's), Waterbury, was then vacant by 
the final removal of the Rev. James Scovill to Kingston, New Brunswick. 
He seems to have officiated in Connecticut for the last time in May, 1788. 
Mr. Scovill served Kingston for twenty years, building up a strong and 
extensive parish. He died on December 19, 1808, in the seventy-sixth 
year of his age and the fiftieth year of his ministry. It is an interest- 
ing fact that he was succeeded in turn by his son and grandson, their 
united ministry extending over a period of ninety years. St. Paul's 
Church, Woodbury, was then vacant by the death of that gentle scholar, 
benevolent friend, and conscientious parish priest, the Rev. John Rutgers 
Marshall, on January 21, 1789, in the nineteenth year of his ministry 
and the forty-fifth of his age. 

St. Michael's Church had been established in that part of Salem 
Society (now Naugatuck) known as Gunntown, on February 16, 1786, 
by fourteen persons at the house of Jobannah Gunn. It was visited 
monthly by Mr. Scovill as long as he remained in Waterbury, and on 
the other Sundays Mr. Gunn or some other layman acted as lay reader. 
A church forty-four by thirty-four feet was built on the hill fifty feet 
west of Mr. Gunn's in 1803. 

The advice of the Convocation seems to have been followed, as the 
records of St. John's, Waterbury, show services for brief periods held 
in that parish at that time by the Rev. Chauncy Prindle, the Rev. 
David Foote and the Rev. Solomon Blakeslee. The records of St. 
Paul's, Woodbury, mention these clergymen as officiating. 

The services at Gunntown were maintained until 1806 in connection 
with Waterbury, when the Rev. Chauncy Prindle took charge of the 
parish, giving it one-half of his time. 

The Rev. Seth Hart, deacon, was placed in charge of St. John's, 
Waterbury, in October, 1791. 

The Rev. James Sayre became the incumbent of St. Paul's, Woodbury, 
in the spring of 1793. 

Note VII 

The earliest degrees in divinity were conferred by the University of 
Paris in 1150. The first recipients of that of doctor in divinity were 
the famous Peter Lombard Gilbert de la Portree according to the 
authority of the learned English antiquarian, Antony de Wood. 

Other continental universities soon followed its example. 

Divinity degrees were introduced into England either during the 
reign of King John (1199-1216), or that of King Henry III (1216-1272) , 
the actual date being uncertain. They were conferred only by the 
Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. 

King Henry VIII (1509-1547), bestowed upon the Archbishop of 
Canterbury the right of conferring such degrees. It has been exercised 
by the various Archbishops infrequently and discreetly, for a "Lambeth 
degree" has not in England the same significance as one conferred by 
a university. 

It was the theory of the middle ages that the Pope was the head of 
the Visible Church. An outcome of that theory was the acknowledgment 
of him as the head of all the universities of learning. This gave to 
him the power to bestow degrees, which he sometimes exercised, but 
usually delegated to the universities. 

This was a perversion of the Episcopal prerogative by which each 
Bishop in his own Diocese exercised authority over both religion and 

The manner in which the Bishops in Scotland governed their dioceses 
greatly impressed Bishop Seabury. The Bishops formed a college and 
acted as one body, but in their respective jurisdictions they called upon 
three or four of the most learned of their clergy to advise them in 
matters of diocesan interests or controversy. 

It was evidently the intention of the Bishop of Connecticut to have 
the College of Doctors perform similar duties, and especially to approve 
and examine candidates for Holy Orders. The "Records" bear witness 
to the activity and usefulness of the college. Each one of the four 
chosen for this honor received afterward the degree of Doctor in 
Divinity from an incorporated university, Dr. Mansfield, Dr. Jarvis, 
Dr. Hubbard from Yale College and Dr. Dibblee from Columbia College. 

Note VIII 

This canon provides for the recommendation to the Bishop "by a 
Standing Committee of the Convention of the State wherein he resides" 
of every candidate for Holy Orders, and gives a form of the testimonial 
to be signed by at least a majority of the Standing Committee. It 
also makes necessary the presentation by the candidate to the Standing 
Committee of testimonials of "good morals and orderly conduct" from 
the minister and rector of the parish in which he lives. 1 

The essential features of this Canon are embodied in the present 
Title I, Canon 3 "Of Candidates for Holy Orders" of the Digest of 
Canons. 2 More detailed information is now required to be given, and 
there are various additional regulations which the experience of more 
than a century have shown to be prudent. 

Note IX 

A careful search of the files of the Journal shows that the publica- 
tion here ordered was never made. 

1 P. 95, Bioren's Reprint of the Journals of the General Convention. 

2 Pp. 19-25, Digest of the Canons, appended to the Journal of the General Convention of 

Note X 

The Reverend SETH HART, M.A. 

Seth Hart was born at Berlin, Connecticut, on June 21, 1763. After 
his preliminary course in the common schools and privately, he entered 
Yale College, from which he was graduated in 1784. During his period 
of waiting for ordination he probably acted as lay reader under the 
direction of the Rev. Chauncy Prindle. He was made deacon in 
Christ Church, Westbury (now Watertown), on Sunday, October 9, 
1701. 1 He was at once placed in charge of St. James's Church (now St. 
John's), Waterbury, which served with Salem (now Naugatuck) 
until 1793. The "Records" give an account of his ordination as 
priest in St. Paul's Church, Huntington, on Sunday, October 14, I79 2 -* 

In 1794 he became Rector of St. Paul's Church, Wallingford, and 
St. John's Church, North Haven. He served these parishes with abun- 
dant zeal. In 1798 he resigned St. John's Church and took charge of 
the churches in Worthington (now New Britain) and Wethersfield 
(now Newington). With three parishes to care for, he found leisure 
to instruct several young men in the classics and mathematics, and 
prepare them for college. The old Colonial parish of St. George, Hemp- 
stead, Long Island, where the Rev. Samuel Seabury, father of the 
Bishop, had served for many years, became vacant in the fall of 1800 by 
the resignation of the Rev. John Henry Hobart after a brief incumbency. 
Mr. Hobart was willing to delay his departure for New York until his 
successor was appointed. Mr. Hart was commended by Bishop Jarvis, 
the Rev. Dr. Beach of Trinity Church, New York, and the Rev. Ambrose 
Hull, to the Vestry of St. George's. Mr. Hart was duly elected, and 
entered upon his new duties on the feast of St. Thomas, Sunday, 
December 21, 1800. The parish was an extensive one, its boundaries 
stretching for fourteen miles in one direction and with two places of 
worship some miles apart. It was estimated by Mr. Hobart that one 
thousand souls were under his pastoral care, and the number had 
increased when the new rector came to Hempstead. During his incum- 
bency, Christ Church, Manhansett, was built and set off as a separate 
parish, and a new church erected in Hempstead. 

In addition to his parish work Mr. Hart continued to receive and 
educate pupils in his own house. He was considered a successful 

A stroke of paralysis in January, 1829, caused Mr. Hart to resign 
the rectorship of St. George's on February 16, 1829. He was given a 
small retiring annuity, and lived in Hempstead until his death on March 
14, 1832, in the sixty-ninth year of his age and the forty-first of his 

Mr. Hart was a sound and practical preacher and a careful pastor. 
He was "a good classical scholar and an amiable man of a cheerful 
and almost jovial temperament." 3 

1 P. 8, Registry of Ordinations. 2 P. 43. ante. 

s P. 197, History of St. George's Church, Hempstead, Long Island, N. K, by the Rev. 
Wm H. Moore, D.D., Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, N. Y. E. P. Dutton 
& Company. 1881. nmo, pp. 308. 

Note XI 


The personal history of Mr. Catlin is almost unknown. He was born 
in Harwinton, Connecticut. He became after his ordination the incum- 
bent of St. James's Church, Arlington, Vermont. The Church in that 
State had received in the Colonial period and after the Revolution the 
services of several Connecticut clergymen, notably the Rev. Dr. Mans- 
field, the Rev. Samuel Peters, the Rev. Samuel Andrews, and the Rev. 
Gideon Bostwick. Arlington was largely settled from Litchfield County. 
The first Convention of clergymen and laymen was held at Arlington 
in September, 1790, with the Rev. Daniel Barber of Arlington, who 
had been ordained by Bishop Seabury, and the Rev. James Nichols of 
Sandgate, and representatives from eight towns in attendance. 

Mr. Catlin was ordained priest on Sunday, June 9, 1793, by Bishop 
Seabury in Christ Church, Middletown. Mr. Catlin seems to have 
succeeded Mr. Barber when that ardent missionary removed to Clare- 
mont, New Hampshire, and been a laborious and successful clergyman. 
In the Convention of Vermont Mr. Catlin was prominent, serving upon 
the Standing Committee, acting as its President, and being appointed 
upon important committees. 

Previous to 1804 Mr. Catlin removed to Hartland, Vermont, and 
organized a parish at Plainfield, New Hampshire. In 1804 he was 
recognized by the diocesan convention of New Hampshire and declared 
to be entitled to the leases of the glebe lands in that town. 1 Mr. 
Catlin was the preacher at the Convention of Vermont held at Man- 
chester on September 24, 1806. 2 The last mention of Mr. Catlin is 
in August, 1808, when he is censured by the New Hampshire Convention 
as acting in "an irregular and improper manner" concerning the glebe 
lands. The Convention does "not consider him as a clergyman of this 
State, he not having a parish or cure within the same." 3 This makes it 
probable that the organization at Plainfield was only temporary. 

There appears to be no definite information as to his subsequent life, 
and there is no record of his deposition. 

The Reverend DAVID BUTLER, D.D. 

David Butler was born in Harwinton, Connecticut, in 1763. While 
a very young man he learned a mechanical trade which he abandoned 
temporarily to serve in the Connecticut line of the American army 

1 P. 13, Journals 0/ the first Twenty Eight Conventions of the Diocese of New Hamp- 
shire . . . Tilton : George Burnham Munsey. MDCCCLXXXIII. 8vo, pp. 290. 

2 P. 103, The Documentary History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
Vermont. New York : Pott & Amey. 1870. 8vo, pp. 418. 

3 P. 23, Journals of the first Twenty Eight Conventions. 

— 169 — 

during the later months of the Revolution. At its close he resumed his 
trade with every prospect of success. He had been much impressed 
with the beauty of the church service, although a member of the 
"Standing Order," and his intimacy with the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin 
caused him to examine the claims of the Church, and especially the 
origin of the Episcopate. He became convinced of the truth of her 
doctrines and polity, and soon conformed. He became a candidate for 
holy orders and was made deacon by Bishop Seabury, as noted in 
the "Records." Mr. Butler immediately began his work as incumbent 
of Christ Church, Guilford, St. John's, North Guilford, and the Church 
at Killingworth (now Clinton). There are no details of his ministra- 
tions available. We only know that Mr. Butler lived in the new 
parsonage at North Guilford, and that he was diligent in his visiting 
every portion of his hard and laborious mission field, Killingworth 
(now Clinton) being sixteen miles southeast of his home. 

The Bishop visited the parishes on October 17, 18 and 19, 1792, when 
seven persons were confirmed in North Guilford, one in Guilford, and 
five in Killingworth; a second visitation was made in June, 1794, when 
twenty-four were confirmed in North Guilford, four in Guilford, and 
twenty-seven in Killingworth. This shows honest and faithful work. 
Mr. Butler was ordained priest on Sunday, June 9, 1793, in Christ 
Church, Middletown, at the same time with the Rev. Solomon Blakeslee, 
the Rev. Edward Blakeslee, and the Rev. Russell Catling. 1 

The parishes felt keenly the loss of such an energetic pastor, when in 
the fall of 1794 Mr. Butler resigned to accept St. Michael's Church, 
Litchfield, which had been without a rector for a year, as Mr. Baldwin 
had gone to Stratford in November, 1793. 

Mr. Butler found the people cordial and pleasant, the work exacting 
and the results gratifying. The secession of some families in 1797 
who built a church at Bradleyville (now Bantam) rendered it expedient 
for him to resign, which he did on February 21, 1799- He had already 
been called to Christ Church, Reading. In this position he served with 
great fidelity, doing much missionary work for five years. 

In 1804 he received an urgent request from the Hon. Mr. Buel and 
other churchmen in the new village of Troy, six miles above Albany, 
New York, to be their pastor. 

Mr. Eliakim Warren and other men of ability and wealth were removing 
from Norwalk to Troy. Mr. Butler was earnestly desired by them to be 
the pioneer priest in Troy and the region round about. They sailed in 
a sloop from Norwalk through the Sound, the East River, and the 
Hudson River to Troy. The services of the Church had been com- 
menced twelve years before by the Rev. Thomas Ellison, Rector of St. 
Peter's Church, Albany. During his residence with Mr. Ellison, from 
1796 to 1798, as a student in divinity, Philander Chase, afterwards Bishop 
of Ohio, officiated as lay reader. 

No parochial organization, apparently, was effected until Mr. Butler 
arrived, when St. Paul's Church was organized, of which Mr. Warren 

1 P. 9, Registry of Ordinations. 

— 170 — 

became the senior warden. Mr. Butler showed in his labors for the 
Church in Troy, Lansingburgh and Water ford, sound judgment, patient 
tact, persevering energy. Under him the Church, both in the growing 
village and neighboring towns, was firmly established. In 1827 the 
present spacious Gothic church of St. Paul's parish was built. He 
became recognized in the town as a leader in every good work and his 
missionary zeal led him into many places remote from Troy. His intense 
application had undermined his health, and in 1834 he resigned his 
rectorship, retaining, however, a fatherly interest in the rapid expansion 
of the Church in Troy and watching with interest the moral and material 
growth of the city. 

Dr. Butler died in his eighty-first year and the fiftieth of his ministry, 
on July 11, 1842. 

A parishioner who knew him well gives this description : "His personal 
appearance was at once commanding and attractive. He had a well built, 
well proportioned frame, indicating a habit of activity and more than 
common power of endurance. His eye was large and dark, and his 
whole visage indicative at once of a vigorous intellect and an amiable and 
genial temper." 1 

Mr. Butler received the degree of Doctor in Divinity from Washington 
(now Trinity) College, Hartford, in 1832. Dr. Butler published several 
sermons, including one delivered before a Masonic Lodge in St. Paul's 
Church, Woodbury, on the feast of St. John, December 27, 1804. 

A son of Dr. Butler, the Rev. Clement M. Butler, D.D., filled many 
positions of eminence in the Church, and died recently while Professor of 
Ecclesiastical History in the Philadelphia Divinity School. 

1 Letter of Judge David Buel of Troy in sketch of the Rev. Dr. Butler on p. 390, Annals 
of the American Pulpit, V, by the Rev. William B. Sprague, D.D. New York: Robert 
Carter & Brothers. 1861. 8vo, pp. xxi, 822. 

Note XII 

No action seems to have been taken under this vote. The only editions 
of the American Book of Common Prayer known to have been published 
in the eighteenth century are those by Hall & Sellers in Philadelphia, 
which included the standard already noticed and a "twenty-fourmo" 
(24mo) book in 1791 and 1794; the second standard published by Hugh 
Gains in New York in 1793, an octavo volume, and a folio Prayer Book 
in 1795, and a "twenty-fourmo" edition in 1798; Thomas & Andrews 
in Boston published a "twelvemo" edition in 1794 and a "sixteenmo" 
edition in 1800; Young & Omrod of Philadelphia published a "twenty- 
fourmo" book in 1795; T. Allen of New York published a "twenty-four 
mo" book in 1797; and Peter Brynberg of Wilmington a "twenty- 
fourmo" book in 1800. 1 Other editions may have escaped the research 
of the custodian of the Standard Prayer Book, Dr. Samuel Hart, and his 
able coadjutors, the Rev. Dr. L. C. Manchester and Mr. J. Pierpont 

The "Family Prayer Book" prepared by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Brownell, the 
third Bishop of the Diocese, appears to be the first issued in Connecticut. 

This valuable compilation gave the full text of the Prayer Book with 
notes and comnents, which were distinct from the text. It was issued 
from Sidney's Press, New Haven, in 1823, in a large quarto volume. 
Other editions were published in Hartford, and finally Stanford & 
Swords, in New York City, became the publishers. 

The earliest edition of the Prayer Book without commentary with a 
Connecticut imprint is one in thirty-two mo published by Andrus & Judd 
in Hartford in 1826; in the same year a forty-eightmo edition appeared 
from the press of S. Andrus in Hartford. Other editions, or new impres- 
sions from the same plates, by the same publishers, appeared in 1831, 1832, 
1837, 1844, 1845. Gurdon Robbins, of Hartford, published a thirty-two 
mo edition in 1843, which was reprinted in 1844 by Robbins & Smith of 
the same city. Sumner & Goodman of Hartford published a sixteen 
mo edition in 1848. In 185 1 A. C. Goodman & Co. of Hartford printed 
a sixteenmo edition. 2 This completes the list of known editions of the 
Book of Common Prayer printed in Connecticut. 

1 See Appendix to the Report of the Custodian of the Standard Prayer Book, p. 535, 
Journal of the General Convention, 1898. 

2 See pp. 536, 537, 538, 539, 540 of journal of General Convention 1898, for entries in Cata- 
ogue of Custodian's Collection. 

Note XIII 

No proceedings were taken under this vote. The subject of the 
Bishop's support was one which was much discussed both in Con- 
vocation and Convention, and resolutions appointing a committee to 
memorialise the General Assembly were adopted at the second Conven- 
tion of the Diocese, held in Middletown on June 5, 1793. Twenty 
trustees, eight clergymen and twelve laymen were then appointed. 1 
Nothing was done and the motion was renewed in 1794. Finally, after 
special convention in New Haven, October 18, 1797, a formal motion to 
continue the Committee on the Memorial with directions to apply to the 
May session of 1798, was adopted. It would seem that the Memorial 
was not presented until May, 1799, when it was favorably received and 
a resolution incorporating "The Trustees for receiving Donations for the 
Support of the Bishop" was passed and approved. 1 

The formal thanks of the Convention were given on June 6, 1799, to 
Messrs. Isaac Beers, Elias Shipman, Ephraim Kirby and the Rev. 
Ambrose Todd, "for their liberal and spirited exertions before the Legis- 
lature, to obtain an act of Incorporation for the Bishop's Fund." 

The Trustees named in the resolution were : the Rev. Dr. Bela Hub- 
bard, the Hon. Jonathan Ingersoll, Mr. John Morgan, the Hon. Samuel 
William Johnson, Mr. William Herron, Mr. Jonathan Starr, and Mr. 
Evan Malbone. 

1 Pp. 6, 7, Journals of the Annual Conventions of the Diocese of Connecticut, 1792-1820 
New Haven : Printed and published by Stanley & Chapin. 1842. 

2 Pp. 8, n, 13, 19, Journals, 1790-1820. For a copy of the Resolution see pp. 326, 347 
Private Laws, 1789-1830, pp. 23, 24. 

Note XIV 

The Rev. Dr. Burhans has preserved this interesting account of his 
examination for Holy Orders : 

"On the first of June I accompanied the Rev. Mr. Bostwick to Middle- 
town, Ct., to attend the annual Convention of that Diocese, who intro- 
duced me as a candidate for holy orders. The next morning I was 
examined in the presence of the Bishop by the late venerable Rev. 
Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rev. Dr. Hubbard & Rev. Mr. Fogg. They 
were courteous & familiar. I was soon at ease & unembarrassed, sup- 
porting myself [with] confidence, with becoming humility. 

The most puzzling and difficult question was put by Dr. Mansfield as 
follows : 'Aside from the fulfilment of Prophecy & Miracles, on what 
ground would you defend Divine Revelation?' By its internal effects 
upon the external conduct. Contrast the Civilization & Morality of 
nations who receive & make the Bible the measure (P) 1 of their Council, 
with the Nations destitute of the Holy Scriptures ; you have ocular 
demonstration of the prosperity of the one & the depression of the other. 
These with a few of the conclusive arguments of Soame Jennings in his 
unanswerable defence of Christianity from its Internal Evidence. 

This was perfectly satisfactory, & Testimonials were cheerfully signed 
with many flattering remarks. — In time & due form a Procession of the 
Bishop, Clergy & Laity proceed to the Church where I was soon robed & 
presented to the Bishop with his son Charles & received the Order [of] 
Deacon, June 5, 1793 in the 30th year of my age. 

The mingled sensations of joy & fear under the high responsibilities 
of the office is better realized by the Novitiate properly impressed than 
by any language he can express. 

The next day I parted from the Bishop & Clergy with mutual and 
Christian wishes." 2 

The Reverend DANIEL BURHANS, D.D. 

Daniel, a son of Henry Burhans, an officer in the British army during 
the "old French war," was born at Sherman, Connecticut, on July 7, 
1763. As his father had a large family to support by his work upon a 
small farm, the only opportunity his son Daniel had for education was 
in the district school during the brief winter terms. He early showed a 
desire for knowledge and so impressed his teachers that one of them 
promised to aid, provided Mr. Burhans would consent to send his son to 
college. This he finally agreed to do. When seventeen he commenced 

1 This word is abbreviated in the manuscript. It may be "medium." 

2 An extract of a portion of the MS. Autobiography of the Rev. Daniel Burhans, D.D., 
in possession of the writer. 


his preparation for college, combining with it work upon the farm in 
summer and teaching in the winter. At the end of two years he was 
ready for college, but upon visiting his old teacher found him dying. 
This disappointment was severe, but determined him in a newer part of 
the country to make his own way and secure an education. He went to 
Lanesborough, Massachusetts, in the heart of the Berkshires. Here at 
first working for his board he attended a school of high grade and made 
as rapid progress as the incompetence of the teacher would permit. 
Finally his natural ability and acquired knowledge was recognized. The 
teacher was dismissed and Mr. Burhans offered the principalship, which 
he accepted. The school grew and flourished and a large brick school 
house was built for him. 

Lanesborough was a part of the missionary circuit of the Rev. Gideon 
Bostwick. During a revival in the Congregational Church, which Mr. 
Burhans attended, several theological and philosophical questions con- 
cerning Regeneration, Election, and the Means of Grace, were brought 
before him. In his examination of these abstruse subjects he found that 
his views of them were widely different from those of his fellow worship- 
pers. While his mind was puzzled with the problems, the Thirty-Nine 
Articles of Religion were put into his hands by a friend, but without his 
knowing with what body of Christians they originated. Their state- 
ments seemed to him forcible, just, and true. When informed of their 
origin he immediately sought out Mr. Bostwick, found in him a friend 
and counsellor, became an attendant and soon a communicant in St. 
Luke's Church. So fully had his thoughts dwelt upon religious matters 
that he determined to study for the holy ministry. 1 It was, however, ten 
years before his intention was carried out. In the meantime he had 
aided Mr. Bostwick by reading the service at Lanesborough on three 
Sundays in each month. For some months he read the service at 
Lebanon Springs, Columbia County, New York, on the western slope of 
the Berkshires, ten miles from his home, then becoming a fashionable 
resort. After his ordination he became the minister in charge of Lanes- 
borough and Lenox, for Mr. Bostwick had died at New Milford on June 

13, 1793- 

Dr. Burhans vividly pictures his work in Berkshire County and the 
surrounding country. It was thorough and faithful. He was ordained 
priest in Trinity Church, New Haven, by Bishop Seabury on Whitsun- 
Day, June 8, 1794. 

In August, 1799, he accepted the rectorship of Trinity Church, New- 
town, vacant by the death of the Rev. Philo Perry. He entered upon his 
duties in October and began a long course of usefulness. "The church," 
he records, "was filled to overflowing. I had a large number of candi- 
dates for Communion at Easter, & to have all things done decently & 
in order according to the excellent provision made in the Rubrics I 
invite [d the Bishop] to hold a Confirmation, & rising of eighty were 
confirmed. And a great proportion of [them] were admitted [to] the 

1 This religious experience is stated in very nearly the exact words of Dr. Burhans in 
his communication to Dr. Pitkin, who prepared his funeral sermon. 


Holy Communion on Easter Sunday. At this Revival while there was a 
Jubilee in the Church, the sectarians stared with astonishment! And 
were ready [to cry] out '[Is] Saul among the Prophets'?" 1 

Dr. Burhans became very active in Diocesan affairs and was honored 
with many offices. He was especially energetic as an agent in securing 
funds for the General Theological Seminary, both at its inception in 1817 
and when in the Diocese from 1820 to 1822. Upon the verge of old age 
he resigned his parish on November 1, 1830. Without accepting another 
charge he officiated in St. Paul's, Woodbury, Christ Church, Bethlehem, 
and Christ Church, Roxbury. In 183 1 he became rector of St. Peter's 
Church, Plymouth, where he served six years, when he resigned, as the 
infirmities of old age were increasing upon him. He temporarily served 
at Oxford and Zoar for some time, and in 1844 he retired from the active 
duties of the ministry and spent the remaining years of his life at Pough- 
keepsie, New York. He retained his vigor of mind and body to the last. 
In his ninety-first year he commenced his "Autobiography," of which 
only a portion seems to have been preserved. He was a storehouse of 
information upon all matters of Connecticut diocesan history, and his 
recollections of Bishop Seabury and Bishop Jarvis, recorded in Dr. 
Sprague's "Annals of the American Pulpit," are graphic and lifelike. He 
departed this life peacefully on December 30, 1853, in the ninety-first 
year of his age and the sixty-first of his ministry. 

He received from Washington (now Trinity) College the degree of 
Doctor in Divinity in 183 1. 

While he wrote much he seems to have published only one sermon : 
The Scripture Doctrine of the Election of Jacob and the Rejection of 
Esau Considered. 2 

The Rev. Dr. Buel, Rector of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, at the 
time of Dr. Burhans' residence, says that he was "a man of com- 
manding personal appearance, of a large and well built frame, of a 
healthy and ruddy countenance, of a nervous temperament and somewhat 
quick in his movements. His manners, though not highly polished, 
were simple and natural, and evinced what he actually possessed, a fine 
genial spirit." 3 

Dr. Burhans was the last survivor of those ordained by Bishop Sea- 
bury. During the session of the General Convention of 1853 in the City 
of New York he was formally welcomed in the House of Bishops. 


Charles, the youngest son of the Rt. Rev. Samuel and Mary (Hicks) 
Seabury, was born at Westchester, New York, on May 20, 1770. When 
he was five years old he was taken by his father to New York City, where 
the family remained during the Revolution and until Bishop Seabury 
assumed his Episcopal duties and made his home at New London. 

1 MS. Autobiography of Dr. Burhans. 

2 Vergennes, 1810 ; reprinted, 1828. 8vo, pp. 32. 

3 P. 414, Dr. W"m. B. Sprague's Annals of the American Pulpit, V. 

— 176 — 

He studied theology under the Rev. Dr. Mansfield and the Rev. Dr. 
William Smith the younger, then at Narragansett, Rhode Island. With 
these well read divines he was made ready for ordination. Upon his 
return to New London he pursued a special course of systematic divinity 
with his father. He was made a deacon, as the "Records" note, on 
June S, 1793. He spent the year after his ordination at Ripton (now 
Huntington) in charge of St. Paul's Church. He assisted his father in 
New London during his frequent absences until the fall of 1795, when he 
was called for six months to Grace Church, Jamaica, Long Island. Here 
his services were appreciated and he found much parish work to be done. 
The sudden death of his father on February 26, 1796, summoned him once 
more to New London. 

On March 28, 1796, he was called to the rectorship of St. James's 
Church, New London, which he accepted. Without the force and grace of 
his father or the profound knowledge of men and books which made the 
Bishop preeminent, his son Charles was an excellent parish priest. Few 
events occurred during his rectorship, which covered the period of depres- 
sion, financial and spiritual, immediately preceding and during the War of 
1812. On July 17, 1796, Mr. Seabury was ordained priest by Bishop 
Provoost in St. George's Chapel, New York City. In 1814 Mr. Seabury 
removed to Long Island and became Rector of Caroline Church, Setauket. 
Here, in pleasant surroundings, in the busy and unnoted cares of a 
rural parish he spent the remainder of his days. For several years he 
had charge also of Huntington and Islip. 

In 1843 he resigned and accepted a retiring pension from the Aged 
and Infirm Clergy Fund of the Diocese of New York. His home was 
still in Setauket, where he died on December 29, 1844, in the seventy- 
fourth year of his age, fifty-first of his ministry. 

Bishop Onderdonk, in announcing his retirement to the Convention, 
said that he had since he was commissioned to the ministry given him- 
self to his Master's work, "unweariedly, disinterestedly, and with no 
small share of trial and self sacrifice." 1 

Dr. Hallam says : "His was the fate of too many of our clergy even now, 
whose life is but the trial of the varieties of starvation, and it is believed 
that his removal to Setauket brought with it little alleviation of his con- 
dition, so that his whole life, that of a good, kind-hearted, sensible and 
faithful man, was but a long struggle with adversity, which after being 
maintained for more than half a century with a zeal and ardor which 
trouble and privation could not abate, and age could scarcely dull, has 
ended at last we doubt not in a better and enduring substance." 2 

Mr. Seabury was the third in the illustrious line of clergymen in one 
family, his grandfather, Samuel Seabury, having been the first resident 
missionary in New London. His son was the well known Dr. Samuel 
Seabury, editor, theologian, and professor, and his grandson is the present 
senior professor in the General Theological Seminary, Dr. William 
Jones Seabury, the eminent canonist. 
1 P. 401, Sprague's Annals, V. 2 P. 83, Annals of St. James's, New London. 

Note XV 

This refers to an inhibition of Mr. Sayre from officiating in any of the 
churches of the Diocese until he accedes to the Constitution of the 
Church and conforms to the Book of Common Prayer of the American 
Church. No copies of this paper seem to be in existence. 

Note XVI 

The Reverend CALEB CHILD. 

Nothing seems to be known of the birth or parentage of Mr. Child. 

He was made deacon in Christ Church, Stratford, on the first Sunday 
after Trinity, June 7, 1795, at the last ordination held by Bishop Sea- 
bury. 1 

He was placed in charge of St. James's Church, Great Barrington, 
Massachusetts, where he remained for nearly two years. He seems to 
have returned to Connecticut and officiated wherever there was a 

As early as 1800 rumors affecting his character were in circulation and 
a formal complaint made to the Convocation. The report of the Com- 
mittee was made at Newtown on June 2, 1S01. It had found the charges 
true and the Bishop was asked to publish his sentence of degradation in 
such way and manner as he shall judge proper. 1 

The sentence was pronounced on Wednesday, June 2, 1802, by the 
Bishop of the Diocese and entered on the "Records." 3 No details of 
his subsequent life have been found after a careful investigation of 
probable sources of information. 

The Reverend SMITH MILES, M. A. 

Manoah Smith Miles was born in Derby on March 19, 1766. He was 
educated in the schools of the town and studied by himself and under 
competent tutors until ready for college. He was graduated with honor 
from Yale College in 1791. He evidently soon determined to study for 
the ministry, as the "Records" show. He was made deacon on June 7, 
1795. in Christ Church, Stratford, by Bishop Seabury, at the same time 
with Mr. Caleb Childs and Mr. Alexander Viets Griswold. 4 

1 P. 10, Registry of Ordinations. 

2 P. 55, ante. 3 P. 58, ante. 4 P. 10, Registry of Ordinations. 


-i 7 8- 

Mr. Miles took charge of Trinity Church, Branford, Christ Church, 
Guilford, and St. John's, North Guilford. His work was difficult and 
required much effort, as the parishes were several miles from each other. 
He made here full proof of his ministry. In 1796 he became the min- 
ister in charge of Christ Church, Middle Haddam, and Trinity Church, 
Chatham. In this field of labor he was most earnest and successful. 
His charge of Middle Haddam continued until 1810, when he devoted 
himself wholly to Chatham. He was a good pastor and considered an 
instructive preacher. Like many of the country parsons he kept for 
many years a classical school, which gained a high reputation. After a 
ministry of nearly thirty-four years, he died on January 30, 1830, in the 
sixty-fourth year of his age. 


Alexander Viets, a son of Elisha and Eunice (Viets) Griswold, was 
born in Simsbury, Connecticut, on April 22, 1766. His ancestry was 
distinguished in the annals of the Colony, and his father was a man of 
high reputation in the community. His mother had the charge of his 
early education and taught him carefully the rudiments of what was then 
considered essential for one not designed for the law or ministry. He 
then came under the instruction of his uncle, the Rev. Roger Viets, 
Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Simsbury, whose attainments in both 
literature and the classics were remarkable. It was intended by the 
family and Mr. Griswold that he should accompany his uncle to Nova 
Scotia, where he accepted the parish of Digby. Mr. Griswold's early 
marriage, however, interfered with their plan. He temporarily aban- 
doned the study of theology and commenced to read law. It was the 
faithfulness of his pastor, the Rev. Ambrose Todd, that brought him to a 
renewed sense of his duty and led to his becoming a candidate for holy 
orders. He was made deacon in Christ Church, Stratford, on June 7, 

I795- 1 

His first charge was at Cambridge (now Bristol), Harwinton and 
Northfield. The stations were eight miles distant from each other. He 
gave to Trinity Church, Northfield, and to St. Mark's, Harwinton, one- 
quarter each of his time. The remainder he devoted to St. Matthew's, 
East Plymouth, to which church the people of Cambridge then came. In 
this work Mr. Griswold was extremely useful. He was honored and 
respected by every one in a wide region of country. A few months after 
his incumbency the new church of St. Matthew's was ready for conse- 
cration. The Convocation met on October 22, 1795, and, as the Records 
state, the Church of St. Matthew's was consecrated and the Rev. Mr. 
Griswold ordained priest. 2 

"Then, too, it was, though with no thought or expectation of such a 
thing, that the clergy proposed to the Bishop and to myself that I should 

1 P. 10, Registry of Ordinations. 

2 P. 10, Registry of Ordinations. P. 49, ante. 


be ordained priest, which was accordingly done." 1 Mr. Griswold now 
redoubled his efforts, and by his long missionary journeys extended a 
knowledge of the Church to many hamlets very remote from his home. 
In June, 1804, after much solicitation he accepted the very pressing call 
of St. Michael's Church, Bristol, Rhode Island. Here, amid happy sur- 
roundings, with a parish compact and aggressive, he spent twenty-six 
years. He was the most prominent clergyman in Rhode Island, although 
his extreme modesty and self-distrust caused him to shun publicity. In 
1810 he was about to accept the charge of St. Michael's, Litchfield, as the 
Rev. Truman Marsh was unable to do full duty, when, to his surprise, he 
was informed of his election on May 29, 1810, as Bishop of the Eastern 
Diocese, that confederation of the existing dioceses of Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Vermont which had been made 
necessary by the extreme feebleness of the Church in them. 

The consecration of Dr. Griswold took place in Trinity Church, New 
York City, on May 29, 181 1 by Bishop White, Bishop Provoost and 
Bishop Jarvis. At the same time the Rev. John Henry Hobart was 
consecrated assistant Bishop of New York. This event was the turning 
point in the history of the American Church, the end of the period of 
extreme depression and the beginning of a constant growth and 

It is unnecessary here to follow minutely the details of Bishop 
Griswold's work as Bishop. It was wise, judicious, fruitful. The 
Church recovered from her despondency throughout New England. The 
design of the Eastern Diocese was accomplished. Bishop Griswold 
became Presiding Bishop of the American Church on the death of Bishop 
White in 1830. 

From 1830 to 1835 he was Rector of St. Peter's Church, Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. He then relinquished all parochial cares and removed to 
Boston, giving himself fully to his Episcopal functions. Upon the 
morning of February 15, 1843, he made a call upon his recently conse- 
crated coadjutor in Massachusetts, Dr. Eastburn, and fell upon his door- 
step and died instantly. He was in the seventy-sixth year of his age and 
the thirty-fourth of his Episcopate. 

Bishop Griswold published a few sermons and charges, among them 
one before the General Convention of 1817. 

He received from Brown University, Princeton University and Har- 
vard University the degree of Doctor in Divinity. 

1 P. 70, Extracts from Bp. Griswold's Autobiography in Memoirs of the Life of the Rt. 
Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold^ D.D. S by John S. Stone, D.D. Philadelphia: Stavely & 
McCalla, 1S44. 8vo, pp. xl, 620. 

Note XVII 

The Bishop had early in his Episcopate set forth prayers for the Civil 
authorities. 1 These prayers for the use of the Courts do not appear to 
have been printed. Manuscript copies may have been sent to the clergy 
who desired them. They are printed here through the courtesy of the 
Rev. Professor Seabury. 

Occasional Prayers prepared by Right Reverend Samuel Seabury, D.D. 
Bishop of Connecticut and recorded in his handwriting in a manuscript 
book entitled, Occasional Prayers and Offices. 


At the opening of a Court of Justice. 

Remember no (sic) Lord our offences, etc: Liturgy. 

O Lord, We beseech Thee mercifully hear our prayers etc — Comminution. 

O God, Who art the Author of Peace &c : { Morning 

O Lord, our Heavenly Father &c \ Prayer. 

The Prayer for the President. 
The Prayer for all conditions of men. 

This Collect. 

Almighty God, Who upholdest and governest all things in heaven and 
on earth ; Hear the humble supplications which we make before thy 
divine Majesty in behalf of the Court now opened for the administration 
of Justice to thy People. Let thy wisdom guide and direct all their 
determinations ; that impartiality and truth being the directors of all 
their proceedings, they may promote the peace, order, and happiness of 
Civil Society : and that we and all thy People being in constant safety 
under the protection of thy good providence, may, under the impartial 
administration of just and equal laws, lead godly and quiet lives in this 
world ; and, by thy mercy, obtain everlasting life in the world to come, 
through Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. Amen. 

General Thanksgiving. 
Aim. God, the fountain of all wisdom etc : 

Post Communion. 
The Lord's Prayer & Blessing. 


At the supreme Court, New London September 1795. 
Enter not into judgment etc: Ps. cxliii. 2 

If we say we have no sin etc: 1 John 1. 8, 9. 

1 See pp. 29, 30 of Dr. Hart's Bishop Seabury's Communion Office. 

— i8i— 

Collect for Ashwednesday. 
Almighty and everlasting God etc : 

Lord's Prayer. 
Our Father etc : 

Collect for Peace, Morning Prayer. 
O God, from whom etc : 

Prayer for the President & all in authority. 
O Lord, our heavenly Father, the high and mighty etc: 

Prayer for the people & government of the U. States. 

O Almighty & everlasting God, we make our supplications to thy divine 
majesty, humbly imploring thy protection & blessing on the people and 
government of the United States of America, and especially on the 
people & government of this State in which we live — entreating thy 
favour and gracious goodness towards them. Particularly we make our 
prayers to thee in behalf of this Court, by thy good providence, now 
assembled for the administration of justice to thy people. Look with 
favour, O God, on the Judges of the Court, on the subordinate officers 
belonging to it, and on all concerned in the administration of justice in 
it. Direct them by thy grace in whatever business shall come before 
them; and grant that all their decisions may be grounded on the 
principles of truth and equity: So that peace and happiness, justice and 
righteousness, religion and piety may flourish among us for all genera- 
tions : And that thy people being secure, thro' the protection of equal 
laws and the administration of impartial justice, may joyfully serve thee 
in all godly quietness, and may live in peace and unity with each other, 
and in peace and friendship with all mankind. Hear us, we beseech thee, 
O God, for the sake of Jesus Christ, our Redeemer and Saviour. Amen. 

Prayer for all conditions of men. 

O God the Creator and Preserver of all mankind etc : 

General Thanksgiving. 

Almighty God, Father of all mercies etc : 

2 Cor. xiii. 14. 

The Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ etc : 


I certify that I have compared the foregoing copy with the original 
manuscript in my possession, and that the same is in all respects a true 
copy of the said original and of the whole thereof, except that the words 
"Occasional Prayers" have been in one case omitted (as the heading of 
a page in the original not needed in the copy), and except that the 
character "&" has been sometimes written out as "and." 

Dated New York, November 27th, 1903. 

Wm. J. Seabury. 



Oyster River was a part of the boundary between New Haven and 
Orange, in which the ancient parish of Christ Church, West Haven, was 
situated. It also gave its name to a locality where were many church- 
men, prominent among them the descendants of Thomas Clark, one of 
the founders of the parish in 1732. Thaddeus Clark afterwards removed 
to Genesee County, N. Y., where he continued to do a good work for the 
Church in a pioneer community. 

Note XIX 

The Hon. John Adams, President of the United States, was at this 
time making a tour through New England on his way to the seat of 
Government at Philadelphia. It was the custom for all public bodies 
and towns to present to the President a formal address. No publication 
of that period contains that from the Convocation, Mr. Adams does not 
refer to it in his "Diary," nor does his biographer allude to any address 
from religious organizations. 

Note XX 

The need of such an office had been long felt. The comparative 
insecurity of the tenure of office by the clergy, it was thought, would be 
taken away if such a solemn service of induction was used. The com- 
piler was the Rev. Dr. William Smith, then Rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Norwalk, a native of Scotland, a man of varied accomplishments and a 
liturgical scholar at a period when few knew much of such an abtruse 
subject as liturgies. The Office, after its adoption, was used in the 
Diocese. It formed the basis of the New York Office of 1802, and with 
a few changes was set forth for general use by the General Convention 
of 1804. In 1868 its title was changed to "An Office of Institution." 
Its use was compulsory by Canon until 1832. 

Note XXI 

The early history of the Church in Hartford, the organization of Christ 
Church and some particulars of the consecration will be found in the 
carefully compiled volume of the present senior warden of Christ Church, 
Dr. Gurdon W. Russell, entitled Contributions to the History of Christ 
Church, Hartford. 1 

The first church edifice was erected on land which had been originally 
purchased for the newly organized parish in 1762, and comprehended the 
northeast corner of the lot on which the present church building stands. 
The French and Indian War, soon followed by the Revolution, made it 
impossible to build as originally intended. After the Revolution the land, 
which had passed out of the possession of the churchmen of Hartford, 
was reclaimed. On November 28, 1786, a subscription paper was issued 
and a little more than three hundred pounds obtained. In March, 1792, 
a contract was entered into with Ebenezer Clark, joiner, to build the 
frame of the church, which was raised in June, 1792. It was ninety feet 
by forty-four in breadth. It was incomplete in 1795, when five hundred 
and seventy-five dollars were secured to finish it. Mr. Calvin Whiting, 
of Needham, Massachusetts, served as lay reader from July to October, 
J 795- There seems to have been no settled clergyman in the parish until 
July 1801, when the Rev. Menzies Rayner of Elizabeth Town, New 
Jersey, took charge. The parish had previously sought to obtain the 
services of the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, and the Rev. Ammi Rogers. 

The formal organization as a parish under the charge of the Bishop 
was on September 15, 1796, when thirty-four gentlemen signed the 
articles of incorporation. Among them were Mr. John Morgan, Mr. 
Wm. Imlay, Mr. Wm. Burr, Mr. Thomas Sanford, Jr., Horace Church, 
John Bull, John McCracken. 2 

The day of the consecration was very rainy. Dr. Russell gives the 
contemporary account of the service from the C our ant and a fac simile 
of the sentence of consecration. The Instrument of Donation was read 
by Mr. John Morgan, the Senior Warden. 3 

1 Hartford : Belknap & Warfield. i8g8. 8vo, pp. 787. 
2 P. 54. Contributions. 3 Pp. 55, 56, Contributions. 

Note XXII 

This is the first formal mention of this erratic and pestilent man, the 
disturber of the peace of the Church in Connecticut. 

Ammi Rogers, a native of Branford, had studied theology with the 
Rev. Mr. Jarvis, of Middletown. Detected in a flagrant act of immor- 
ality, he was sent from the home of the Rector. For a short time he 
studied with the Rev. Dr. Mansfield and the Rev. Edward Blakeslee at 
Derby. He then went into the recently settled region about Saratoga, 
locating at Ballston. His work seems remarkable, and much of it was 
permanent. When he sought Holy Orders in New York in the summer 
of 1792 rumors of his misconduct had reached Dr. Beach, an influential 
member of the Standing Committee, and he demanded a certificate of 
good moral character from the Bishop and clergy of Connecticut. This 
Mr. Rogers did not obtain, but he did secure from a friend who was 
visiting the Rev. Philo Perry, Secretary of the Standing Committee, a 
certificate in the name of Mr. Perry that no proceedings had ever been 
taken against him. Made deacon on June 24, 1792, by Bishop Provoost 
in Trinity Church, New York City, he remained at Ballston for nine years 
longer and then returned to Branford in August, 1801. He took charge 
of Trinity, Branford, St. John's, Northford, St. Paul's, Wallingford, and 
East Haven. 

Mr. Rogers attributes the hostility and suspicion of the Bishop and 
clergy to politics. "Although I have never interfered in politics, yet 
I now thought it best for the Bishop and all the clergy, to join with the 
republicans and vote for Colonel Ephraim Kirby to be Governor of Con- 
necticut, that he was a worthy man, a well informed Churchman, and 
would without doubt use his best endeavors to have those offensive laws 
repealed which gave to one sect or party a superiority. At this the 
Bishop and some of the clergy were very much displeased ; and this has 
been the cause of persecution, slander and abuse, of civil prosecution, 
of distress, of imprisonment, of disgrace and ruin to myself, to my chil- 
dren and friends." 1 

Mr. Rogers claimed that he was a clergyman in good standing and had 
presented in his behalf to the Convocation at Danbury in June, 1803, a 
petition from the churches in Branford, East Haven, Northford, Wal- 
lingford, Durham, and also one from Dr. Mansfield, Mr. Tyler, Mr. 
Blakeslee, Mr. Todd, Mr. Mills and Mr. Warren, stating their knowledge 
of Mr. Rogers, his character and standing in the Church, of the union 
and uncommon prosperity of the churches under his care, "and prayed 
the Bishop and clergy to be reconciled to him, or to bring forward their 

1 Pp- 37. 38, Memoirs of the Rev. Ammi Rogers . . . Composed, compiled and written 
by the Rev. Ammi Rogers. i2ino. Published for subscribers by the Author. 1824. 

-i8 5 - 

accusations, if any they had. In answer to which the Bishop arose and 
standing within the rails of the altar, and near the communion table in 
the church in Danbury, and as president of the Convention in 1803, 
declared and said, We (meaning the Bishop and clergy) have nothing 
against Mr. Rogers. We acknowledge his character and authority to be 
good, and on receiving a single line from the Bishop of New York we 
would receive him with open arms.' "* 

Mr. Rogers's statements are not corroborated by any member of the 
Convention or Convocation. 


This is the first periodical publication of the American Church. It was 
issued with the cordial approval and aid of Bishop Jarvfs. Its articles 
were clear and direct and their teaching was sound and practical. The 
first number appeared in January, 1804, with a well written address 
stating its objects. Several of the clergy of literary ability, including Mr. 
Baldwin, Mr. Rayner, Mr. Burhans, Dr. Mansfield and others, con- 
tributed to its pages. The first editor was the Rev. Dr. William Smith, 
then the Principal of the Episcopal Academy at Cheshire, Commenced 
as a private enterprise, its promoters felt the need of the support of the 
whole Church in Connecticut, and knew that through the Convocation 
this could be obtained. 

Its original title was The Churchman's Magazine or Treasury of 
Divine and Useful Knowledge, edited by a Committee of the Convocation 
of Connecticut A. D. 1804. Its publishers were Oliver Steele & Co., New 

1 P. 39, Memoir. 

Note XXIV 

The action of Bishop Jarvis was based upon the decision of the House 
of Bishops in September, 1804, to which Mr. Rogers had appealed. 
There was a full hearing of both the representatives of Mr. Rogers and 
the Church in Connecticut. Finally the conduct of Mr. Rogers was 
declared during his residence in Connecticut to have been "insulting, 
refractory, and schismatical in the highest degree." The action of the 
Church in Connecticut was approved and the Bishops were of opinion 
"that he deserves a severe ecclesiastical censure — that of degradation 
from the ministry. 

Upon the question as to what authority Mr. Rogers was amenable, they 
were unanimous in declaring that, as there was no Canon regulating 
clerical removals until that Convention, he was amenable to the authority 
of that diocese exclusively." 1 

Note XXV 

No action seems to have been taken under this appointment, nor does 
it appear that the same committee prepared a history of the action 
relating to Mr. Rogers. 

Note XXVa 

After 1808 the Churchman's Magazine was published in Connecticut, 
but with the cooperation and financial aid of Dr. Hobart and others in 
the City of New York. Dr. Hobart had been anxious for its removal to 
that city. The publication had never commanded the support, literary 
and pecuniary, which it deserved. This action was only preliminary to 
the transfer of the publication, which took place early in 1808, when the 
Rev. Dr. Hobart became its editor. 

1 The full decision is in Bioren's Reprint Journals of the General Convention ; also pp. 
34-36 Dr. Beardsley's History. 

Note XXVI 

The Reverend DAVID BALDWIN. 

David, a son of William Baldwin, was born in Litchfield on February 
4, 1780. While carefully educated, he did not enjoy the advantages of a 
college course. He was a student in theology with his cousin, Dr. Ashbel 
Baldwin, and is known to have been officiating as lay reader in Guilford 
and North Guilford in November, 1806. In March, 1807, he was called 
to be the minister of Christ Church, Guilford, but was not made deacon 
until September 1, 1807. 1 Mr. Baldwin served with great fidelity and 
unwearied patience the three parishes of Guilford, North Guilford and 
North Killingworth, sometimes called North Bristol. There are still 
living those who remember him with gratitude and affection. At Easter 
1834 he resigned the charge of Guilford, but retained the other parishes 
and added Branford until 1838. In 1851 he resigned North Guilford. 
He continued to serve Zion Church, North Branford, and Union Church, 
Killingworth, until 1858, when his age and infirmities made his retire- 
ment from all active service necessary. Bishop Williams said of him 
then, that he was "the senior presbyter of the Diocese and carried with 
him into his retirement the affectionate veneration of his brethren, and 
the blessing of those to whom he had so long and faithfully ministered." 
He died at Guilford on August 2, 1862, in the eighty-third year of his 
age and the fifty-sixth of his ministry. 

The present Rector of Christ Church, in his history of the parish, 
says of him that "he was to all men a model of Christian fidelity, and 
the members of his widely scattered flock, whom he never neglected in 
heat or cold, in sunshine or storm, though often exposed as he went to 
and fro on horseback, to severe hardship, and to whom his house was 
open for unstinted hospitality, found in him a noble example of that 
unswerving devotion to pastoral duty which distinguished the early 
representatives of Connecticut Churchmanship." 2 

1 Registry of Ordinations. 

2 P. 70, History of Christ Episcopal Church. 


The condition which led to this appointment was the controversy 
aroused in May, 1811, by the publication of the Rev. Cave Jones, an assist- 
ant minister of Trinity Church, New York City, of "A Solemn Appeal 
to the Church." In it he arraigned Dr. Hobart, his colleague, for over- 
bearing and insulting conduct ; he accuses him of love of power and with 
a desire to make the whole diocese yield to his will. This aroused a 
fierce controversy and pamphlet war, which was continued for nearly two 
years and divided the Church in New York City and throughout the 

The overtures of this Committee of the Convocation were received 
with coldness by the authorities in New York and no conference was 
ever held. Connecticut was even accused of "officious meddling." But, 
as Dr. Beardsley well says, "It was not officious meddling in them to 
wish that the parties involved might correct their misunderstandings, 
sacrifice their worldly resentments, if they had any, at the foot of the 
Master's Cross, and henceforth proceed hand in hand, as champions of 
the faith, to build up the Kingdom, whose sublime watchword was 
'Glory to God in the highest; and on earth peace, good will towards 

men.' *» 


This was one of several unsuccessful attempts to obtain a charter for 
Seabury College, a cherished plan of our spiritual ancestors. 

Note XXIX 

The origin of this Library is obscure. It is claimed that the intention 
was to form a collection for the benefit of the clergy of Christ Church, 
Stratford, and for others in Fairfield County. There is no tradition 
remaining concerning it in Stratford, and nothing appears upon the 
records of Christ Church in regard to it. None of the books are now in 
the library of the Episcopal Academy. 

1 P. 78, Dr. Beardsley's History, II ; see also Case of Cave Jones. New York, 1813. 

Note XXX 

The question of the propriety of allowing deacons who had not been 
instituted into any parish to vote in Convention and take part in the 
election of a Bishop had been very widely and acrimoniously discussed. 

The Rev. Philander Chase of Hartford had written upon the subject 
to Bishop Claggett of Maryland. He evidently led the opposition to the 

Note XXXI 

Article 3 of the Constitution of the Diocese as adopted on June 6, 
1792, by the first Convention of the clergy and laity of the Diocese 
reads : 

When the Episcopate of this Church shall become vacant by death or 
otherwise, the Presbyters, Deacons, and Lay Deputies from the several 
Churches in the Diocese, shall meet within three months of the time 
when said vacancy shall happen, either at New Haven or Middletown, in 
order to elect a person to fill the Episcopal Chair, and the time and place 
of such meeting shall be notified by a Standing Committee annually to 
be appointed for that and other purposes, by publishing the same in two 
or more Newspapers in this State, at least four weeks successively, 
previous to said Meeting. And whosoever shall be elected by a majority 
of the votes of the clergy then present, shall be considered as duly 
elected, provided the person chosen shall be approved by a majority of 
the Lay Deputies. 1 

The Constitution was evidently quoted from memory by the mover of 
this resolution. The new paragraph would follow in the original con- 
stitution the words : "by death, or otherwise." It was intended to 
exclude unemployed deacons. 

1 P. 4, Reprint of the Journals^ 1792-1820. 


The career of defiance to constituted authority pursued by Mr. Ammi 
Rogers can be followed in the pages of Dr. Beardsley's admirable 
"History." 1 

This attempt to force recognition of his claims upon the clergy is the 
last made by him. He thought that when the Diocese came under the 
charge of Bishop Hobart that his case could be reopened. In this he 
was mistaken and the Convocation took the only proper and consistent 
course. Mr. Rogers' Memoirs contain letters written at this time by the 
Rev. Solomon Blakeslee and the Rev. John Tyler pleading for the 
degraded priest. There is also one from Mr. Rogers to Bishop Hobart, 
plausible and full of pious and fervent expressions. 2 


The needs of the poorer clergymen in their old age had been much 
considered in private. The deaths of several whose families had been 
left destitute brought the matter before the clergy at this time. 

But no method suggested seemed feasible, and even the fuller and 
more acceptable plan presented in 1823 met with little favor. In 1845 the 
necessities of the aged clergy were brought before the Convention again 
and a fund was created by Canon to be disbursed by the Bishop and 
Standing Committee. There was such an accumulation of money that 
in 1855 a separate board called "The Trustees of the Aged and Infirm 
Clergy and Widows Fund" was incorporated. The management and 
increase of that fund is still under their wise and prudent care. 

1 Se e PP. 47-53, 54-89, 154-159, History, II. « Pp. 54-63, Memoirs. 


The successive steps taken to establish a second college in the State 
of Connecticut, one which should be under the exclusive control of the 
Church, are well detailed by Dr. Beardsley in his historical address on 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of Trinity College. 1 

To all petitions and memorials presented on behalf of the Episcopal 
Academy to confer upon it collegiate privileges and rights the full 
negative of the Senate, then called Council, defeated the large majority 
in its favor in the Assembly. With the consecration of Dr. Brownell 
as Bishop the opportunity came. The more liberal Constitution of the 
State adopted in 1818 made it possible to urge the plan, which was well 
matured. The members of the Committee of the Convocation and a 
general committee selected by Bishop Brownell and Dr. Wheaton were 
men of much sagacity and knew what could be accomplished. A 
memorial to the General Assembly was drawn up and copies widely 
circulated throughout the parishes of the Diocese. It was largely 
signed and presented on May 13, 1823. The charter applied for was 
granted in the lower house on May 16, and soon after approved by the 
Senate and signed by the Governor. It incorporated a body politic to 
be known as the "Trustees of Washington College." 

Bishop Brownell was chosen President of the College, and with him 
were associated as professors the Rev. George W. Doane, Belles Lettres 
and Oratory; Mr. Frederick Hall, Chemistry and Mineralogy; Mr. 
Horatio Hickok, Agriculture and Political Economy; the Rev. Hector 
Humphrey, Greek and Latin. 

The Trustees named in the Charter were : Thomas C. Brownell, Harry 
Croswell, Elijah Boardman, Samuel W. Johnson, Birdsey G. Noble, 
Samuel Merwin, Nathaniel S. Wheaton, Elisha Cushman, Charles 
Sigourney, Thomas Macdonough, Richard Adams, David Watkinson, 
Ebenezer Young, Jonathan Starr, Jr., Nathan Smith, John Thompson 
Peters, Asa Chapman, Elias Perkins, John S. Peters, Luther Loomis. 

The College was located upon an elevated plateau in the City of Hart- 
ford, the people of that city having made the largest subscription. 

The grounds were carefully laid out and ornamented under the 
direction of the Rev. Dr. Wheaton, who succeeded Bishop Brownell in 
the presidency. To both of these founders the Church in this Diocese 
owes a debt of gratitude. 

In 1848 the name was changed to Trinity College. 

The original site of the college is now occupied by the Capitol of the 

1 An Historical Address pronounced before the House of Convocation of Trinity Col- 
lege, Christ Church, Hartford. July 30th, 1851, on the occasion of the Twenty-Fifth Annual 
Commencement of that Institution, by the Rev. E. E. Beardsley, M.A. Hartford : Han- 
mer & Co., Calendar Press, 1851. 8vo, pp. 30. 

Note XXXV 

The first series of the Churchman's Magazine ended with December 
1811. The second series commenced in 1813, with the Rev. John C. 
Rudd of Elizabeth Town as editor. It ended in 1816. Bishop Hobart 
established in 1817 in New York City The Christian Journal to be his 
official organ. It contained much general church news and original and 
valuable articles, and obtained a wide circulation. This periodical con- 
tinued until 183 1, when The Churchman, a weekly paper, was established 
by Bishop Onderdonk. 

Connecticut churchmen had always regretted the necessity which com- 
pelled them to consent to the transfer of the Magazine to New York. 

In 182 1 Bishop Brownell and other clergymen of literary talent com- 
menced the publication of a new series of The Churchman's Magazine 
after the Convention of 1820 had formally requested them. All loss or 
deficiency was to fall upon the publishers, without any direct or indirect 
obligation on the part of the Convention to make up losses or deficiencies. 
This third series was issued until 1823, when for lack of support the 
publication was suspended. 

The final series, under the editorship of Dr. Bronson, became a source 
of strength to the Diocese. Its articles were eminently readable and its 
comments on Church events fresh and entertaining. It was continued 
until the close of 1826. 


Mr. Barlow's plan, which he carefully worked out and presented in 
an attractive manner, was for an American society similar to the well- 
known Christian Knowledge Society in England. Its chief function was 
to be the publication of books of information upon the Church, brief and 
popular tracts and sometimes reprint standard English Church classics. 
He had received much encouragement from Bishops and other clergymen. 
The plan was presented to the General Convention of 1826 and referred 
to a committee to report, but no practical action was taken. 

Its chief features were used in the establishment three years later of 
the Protestant Episcopal Press in New York City. Mr. Barlow's 
printed scheme is a plain and practical document. It is entitled 

"Consideration on the Employment of the Press as a means of dif- 
fusing the Principles of the Church, with the Plan of a Society and the 
draft of a proposed Constitution adapted to that object," by the Rev. 
William Barlow, Rector of Claremont. 1 

1 New York : T. & J. Swords, 1826. 8vo, pp. 24. 


So far as can now be known the Committee never carried out this 


The remainder of this letter cannot be found. 


This tour was the outcome of Bishop Brownell's sermon before the 
Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society in Philadelphia in August, 
1829. It was upon "Christian Zeal" and referred feelingly to "the vast 
territory of our Union, spreading to the west and south," not then under 
the jurisdiction of any Protestant Bishop. 

The needs of the southwest, while not urged as frequently and ably 
as those of the west, were nevertheless pressing. Many opportunities 
were lost because no Bishop has visited them. 

The proposal was to send Bishop Brownell to make a thorough 
exploration. The Directors requested him to take the journey, perform 
Episcopal functions and inquire into the condition of the few missions 

After some deliberation he accepted the duty laid upon him. He left 
Hartford on November 5, 1829, went by boat to New York, and was joined 
by the Rev. William Richmond, a man of intense zeal and missionary 
energy. Their route was from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh and down the 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans. On their way they visited 
all the churches. The Bishop ordained some, confirmed others and 
blessed all. 

In the course of his journey of six thousand miles he consecrated 
six churches, ordained one priest, confirmed one hundred and forty-two 
persons, preached or assisted in the services seventy-four times, bap- 
tized twenty-two children and twelve adults. 

It was a journey of great extent, free from any serious illness or 
accident, and set forward the Church in that region. The Bishop pre- 
sided at the organization of the dioceses of Louisiana and Alabama. He 
returned to his home in Hartford on March 14, 1830. A detailed 
account from his Journal was published in The Spirit of Missions in 

Note XL 

Mr. Phoebus was the organist of Trinity Church, New Haven. He 
had acquired much celebrity as a musician. His small publication of 
chants was long used both in New Haven and elsewhere. 

Its title page is : 

Chants adapted to the Service of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States Compiled by John H. Phoebus New Haven Pub- 
lished by Durrie and Peck 183 1 

i2mo pp 24 Baldwin and Treadway print 

In his preface he says : 

"The following compilation is offered to the public in compliance 
with a wish expressed by many Episcopalians of this city, that the 
chants commonly used in the Church, might be published in such form, 
and on such terms as would induce the members of the parish generally 
to procure them. 

Considering it also as better the whole congregation should join in 
the chants, no less than in the responses of our services, the compiler 
endeavored to select such pieces as may be easily learned; admitting 
only those which are calculated to give expression force & solemnity 
to the language of devotion." 

Note XLI 

The Chronicle of the Church was a weekly paper of high character, 
the first work undertaken by Mr. A. B. Chapin for the Church. Its 
contents were well arranged and readable. The report of the Com- 
mittee to the Convention embodied resolutions calling for new and 
vigorous efforts for its support, urging the duty of the clergy to con- 
tribute more largely to its literary support, and the third that political 
intelligence should be omitted in the civil summary. The resolutions 
led to a debate upon the general question of supporting Church periodi- 
cals and commending the Chronicle. 1 This paper continued until 1842 
in several forms and was succeeded by The Calendar. 

1 Pp. 194, 195, The Chronicle, 1837. 

Note XLII 

The Society was organized in 1818, reorganized in 1837, and had 
charge of the mission work of the Diocese. With a changed title it 
still cares for the missionary work. Its present style is the Board of 
Directors of the Missionary Society of the Diocese of Connecticut 



The Convocation of the Episcopal clergy was held in the City of New 
London on the 15th inst. agreeably to the order of the Bishop. Divine 
Service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Griswold, a discourse and charge 
to the clergy was delivered by the Rt. Rev. Abraham Jarvis, from whom 
the Apostolic rite of Confirmation was received by nearly fifty. The day 
following the Rev. Evan Rogers, was ordained a Priest, and is soon to 
be inducted Rector of the Church in Hebron. 

It appears from the statement of the Clergy to the Bishop, that the 
Church in this State is generally flourishing and respectable. 1 


In consonance with the ancient custom of the diocese, the semi-annual 
Convocation of the clergy of Connecticut was held in Christ Church, 
Stratford, on Tuesday, Nov. 6, as appointed by the Bishop. The 
evening service was performed by the Rev. Ambrose S. Todd, Rector 
of St. John's Church, Stamford, and the sermon preached by the Rev. 
Professor Doane, of Washington College, from 1 Peter, v. 2, 3, 4. In 
the absence of the Secretary of the Convention, the Rev. Professor 
Doane was appointed Secretary. The attendance of the Clergy, though 
very respectable, was not as large as on some former occasions — a cir- 
cumstance always to be regretted, as the opportunities thus afforded of 
mutual encouragement and advice is eminently valuable. The Con- 
vocation, in addition to the usual business transacted at such meetings, 
giving information as to the state of the several parishes, making pro- 
vision for the supply of such as are vacant, consulting together on 
questions of discipline and order, &c, &c, united in a suitable tribute 
of respect to the memory of the late lamented Bishop of Maryland. 
The Rev. Dr. Wainwright and the Rev. Mr. Bulkley of New York 
were present as visitors. 

We avail ourselves of this opportunity to record our decided and 
earnest approbation of the practice peculiar, we believe, to our own 
diocese, of periodical assemblies of the clergy. 

1 American Mercury. Published by Elisha Babcock. [Vol. xvii], Thursday, October 
23, 1800. [No. 851.] 

— 196 — 

The best possible opportunity is thus afforded for giving such informa- 
tion as will enable the Episcopal head to set in order such things as are 
wanting, while the members, besides being strengthened in their 
Master's work, by the interchange of free and friendly advice and 
encouragement, are thus more closely bound together in unity of spirit, 
of doctrine and of practice. Behold, saith the Psalmist, and God 
grant that our diocese may always continue to be, as it has always 
been, an apt illustration of its truth and beauty, behold how good and 
how pleasant it is for brothers to dwell together in unity. 1 

The clergy of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
Connecticut, assembled in Convocation at Stratford on Tuesday, 
November 6, unanimously adopted the following Preamble and Reso- 

Whereas the Convocation have heard with deep and unfeigned regret 
of the late melancholy decease of that distinguished and faithful servant 
of God, the Rt. Rev. James Kemp, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Maryland. Therefore Resolved, 
that this Convocation do heartily sympathize with their brethren, the 
Clergy and laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
Maryland, in the late afflictive dispensation of Divine Providence by 
which that Diocese has been deprived of its venerated head and the 
Church of its brightest ornaments and firmest and most able supporters ; 
and that they do most devoutly offer up their prayers that the Great 
Head of the Church will, in His mercy, visit this sorrowing portion of 
His household with the spirit of peace and consolation, of wisdom and 
ghostly Counsel, that they may be sustained and comforted in their 
present bereavement, and that a successor apt and meet, under God, and 
with his heavenly blessing, to promote its interests and build it up in 
peace and holiness, and all spiritual grace and blessedness, may speedily 
be raised up. 

Resolved that the Secretary of the Convocation transmit this preamble 

and these resolutions to the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the 

Diocese of Maryland, and cause a copy of the same to be inserted in 

The Episcopal Watchman. 

G. W. Doane, 

Secretary • 
Nov. 6, 1827 2 

1 P. 370, Episcopal Watchman, Nov. 12, 1827. 

4 Episcopal Watchman, p. 371. Hartford, Nov. 12, 1827. Vol. 1, No. 34. 



Titles and degrees are given to clergymen and others acquired sub- 
sequently to events mentioned in these "Records." 


Aberdeen, Scotland 21, 124 

Adams, the Rev. Jasper, D.D 1 12 

Hon. John 53, 182 

Richard 191 

Addison, the Rev. Daniel D., D.D. 

Life and Times of Edzvard Bass 15 

Address of the Connecticut Clergy, 1785 12 

Alabama 193 

Albany, N. Y 169 

American Church 3, 163, 185 

Amity, Conn 140, 148 

Andrews, the Rev. George B 96, 97, 102, 108 

Robert 161 

the Rev. Samuel 8, 138, 168 

the Rev. William G., D.D 

A History of Christ Episcopal Church in Guilford, 

Connecticut 187 

Apthorp, the Rev. East, D.D 154 


Diocese of Connecticut 9 

Commission on 3, 4 

Arianism 19 

Arlington, Vt 168 

Armor, the Rev. Samuel 17 

Arnold, the Rev. Jonathan 6 

Articles of Confederation of the United States 20 

Articles of Religion, proposed revision of 43, 53 

Athanasian Creed 163 

Atkins, Dudley 15 

Attwater, the Rev. Henry S 114 


— 200 


Badger, the Rev. Moses 142 

Baldwin, the Rev. Ashbel, 

sketch of 133-135 

mentioned 22, 23, 33, 39, 40, 41, 43, 46, 48, 49, 

SO, 51, 52, S3, ss, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 
61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 70, 71, 74, 75, 76, 
77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 88, 
89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 100, 102, 
106, 112, 118, 132, 168, 183, 185 
the Rev. David, 

sketch of 187 

mentioned 76, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 85, 86, 88, 90, 

91,92,93,94,96,97,99, 100, 102, 
106, 112, 114, 118 

Ebenezer 41 

Isaac 133 

Baldwin and Treadway 194 

Ballston, N. Y 184 

Barber, the Rev. Daniel 168 

the Rev. Virgil H 64, 71, 72, 74, 78, 80, 81, 82, 85, 86, 88, 89 

Barlow, the Rev. William 105, 112, 118, 119, 192 

Considerations on the Employment of the Press. . . . 192 

Bartlet, Jonathan 49 

Basfield, Mr 55 

Bass, the Rt. Rev. Edward, D.D 15, 25, 26, 28, 126, 127 

Batchelder, the Rev. Charles R. 

The Documentary History of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Vermont 168 

Beach, the Rev. Abraham, D.D 78, 167, 184 

the Rev. John 6, 9, 135, 144, 145, 152 

the Rev. Stephen 102, 116, 118 

Beardsley, the Rev. Eben Edwards, D.D., LL.D. 

mentioned 3, 6, 10, 12, 188, 190, 191 

History of the Episcopal Church in Connecticut 

3, 6, 7, 149, 188, 190 
Life of the Rt. Rev. Samuel Seabury 3, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 24 

History of St. Peter's Church, Cheshire 138 

Historical Address, Trinity College 191 

the Rev. John 129 

Beasley, the Rev. Frederic, D.D 126 

Beckwith, the Rev. George 144 

Beers, Isaac x 7 2 

Belden, the Rev. David 44, 46, 50, 92, 135, 152 

Thomas 4 1 

Bend, the Rev. Joseph G. J., D.D 159 

201 — 

Benham, the Rev. Benjamin 77, 78, 81, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 92, 

93, 95, 96, 102, 103 

Bennington County, Vt 128 

Berkshire County, Mass 174 

Berlin, Conn 167 

Bioren, John, 

Reprint — Journal of the General Convention 166, 186 

Bishop, Mr. Alexander 65, 66 

Blakeslee, Abraham 146 

the Rev. Edward, 

sketch of 146-148 

mentioned 33, 34, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 

49, 50, Si. m, 169, 184 
the Rev. Solomon, 

sketch of 148-150 

mentioned 33, 40, 43, 46, 48, 49, 51, 56, 57, 60, 

71, 80, 81, 92, 95, 164, 169, 184, 190 

Zophar 148 

Boardman, Hon. Elijah 99, 191 

Boston, Mass 7, 12, 14, 15, 179 

Bostwick, Esther 127 

the Rev. Gideon, 

sketch of 127, 128 

mentioned 8, 9, 33, 34, 39, 43, 168, 174, 

Harry 47,50 

Captain Nathaniel 127 

Bowden, the Rev. John, D.D 29, 40, 41, 42, 43, 46, 48, 50, 

52, 53, 54, 55, 127, 130, 131, 
142, 159 

Bradley, the Rev. Charles William 1 14 

the Rev. Ezra 56, 62 

Mr 49 

Bradleyville, Conn 169 

Branford, Conn 42, 125, 184 

Brewer, the Rev. Alfred L., D.D 156 

Bridgeport, Conn 132, 135 

Bristol, Conn 49, 131 

Bronson, the Rev. Abraham, D.D 59, 78 

the Rev. Tillotson, D.D 22, 34, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 

46, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 55, 57, 
58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 
66, 67, 70, 71, 72, 74, 75, 78, 
80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 
89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 97, 
98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 

107, 109, 135, 137, 139, 141, 
Brooklyn Ferry, N. Y 129 

— 202 — 

Brownell, the Rt. Rev. Thomas C, D.D., LL.D 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 

101, 102, 103, 104, 
105, 106, no, III, 
112, 116, 117, 118, 
133, 146, 151. 192, 

The Family Prayer Book 171 

Southwestern Missionary tour 113, 114, 193 

Brown University 179 

Bruce, the Rev. Nathaniel F 106 

Buckley [Bulkely], the Rev. Barzillai 64, 65, 75, 94, 195 

the Rev. Wm. J ; 92, 94, 99 

Buel, Hon. David 170 

the Rev. Samuel, D.D 175 

Bull, John 183 

Burhans, the Rev. Daniel, D.D. 

sketch of 173-175 

account of his examination for Orders 173 

mentioned 9, 44, 45, 53, 55, 56, 59, 60, 61, 62, 

63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 70, 72, 75, 76, 
77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 86, 90, 
9i, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 100, 
102, 103, 105, 106, in, 112, 114, 
118, 128, 185 
The Scripture Doctrine of the Election of Jacob 

and the Rejection of Esau 175 

Henry 173 

Burgis [Burgess], the Rev. Nathan B 64 

Burgess, the Rev. Nathan B 55, 57, 61, 63, 75, 78, 80, 95, 96, 103, 114 

Burgoyne, General John 133 

Burham [Benham], the Rev. Benjamin 76 

Burr, William 183 

Burton, the Rev. Daniel, D.D 156 

Butler, the Rev. David, D.D. 

sketch of 168-170 

mentioned 42, 43, 44, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 55, 56, 

59, 60, 61, 147, 149 
the Rev. Clement M., D.D 170 

Calendar, The 3, 146, 194 

Cambridge, Conn 178 

Camp, the Rev. Ichabod 126 

Mr 55 

Canaan 47, 58 

Caner, the Rev. Henry, D.D 144, 152, 154 

Canterbury, Archbishop of 5, 10, 12, 165 


Carr, the Rev. Dr 155 

Catlin, the Rev. Russell, 

sketch of 168 

mentioned 42, 43, 44, 147, 149, 169 

Champion, the Rev. Judah 151 

Chandler, the Rev. Thomas B., D.D 123, 125 

Chapman, Asa 191 

Chapin, the Rev. Alonzo B., D.D 3, 116, 146, 194 

Sketches of the Early Clergy 146 

The Chronicle of the Church 194 

Chase, the Rt. Rev. Philander, D.D 84, 86, 88, 89, 90, 93, 155, 169, 189 

Chatham, Conn 141, 178 

Chenango County, N. Y 150 

Cheshire, Conn 71, 97, 100, 112, 138 

Chewstown, Conn 60 

Child, the Rev. Caleb, 

sketch of 177 

mentioned 48, 52 

degradation of 58 

Chittenden, the Rev. Bethuel 62, 139 

Captain 55 

Christian Knowledge Society, The 195 

Christian Journal, The 192 


Connecticut — Christ, Bethany 140 

Christ, Bethlehem 175 

Trinity, Branford 59, 129, 130, 146, 178, 184 

St. John's, Bridgeport 132, 155 

St. Matthew's, Bristol .' . 49 

Trinity, Brooklyn 154 

Trinity, Chatham 178 

St. Peter's, Cheshire 62, 100, no, 137 

Christ, Derby 137 

St. James's, Derby 51 

Christ, East Haven 59 

St. Stephen's, East Haddam 41, 149, 150 

St. Matthew's, East Plymouth 178 

Trinity, Fairfield 131, 132 

Christ, Hartford 56, 183 

consecration of 56 

St. Mark's, Harwinton 49, 178 

St. Peter's, Hebron 141 

St. Paul's, Huntington 43, 81, 131, 142, 158, 167, 176 

Union Church, Killingworth 79, 187 

St. Michael's, Litchfield 134, 145, 151, 169, 179 

Christ, Middle Haddam 141, 178 

— 204 — 

Connecticut — Christ, Middletown 9, 11, 12, 112, 125, 126, 147, 149, 

168, 169 

St. Peter's, Milford 142 

St. Paul's Chapel, New Haven 116 

St. Paul's Church, New Haven 117 

Trinity, New Haven 16, 17, 40, 41, 45, 79, 108, 125, 

126, 132, 134, 143, 174 
St. James's, New London. .. .22, 123, 137, 139, 141, 150, 176 

St. John's, New Milford 127, 145 

Trinity, Newtown 35, 135, 137, 174 

Zion Church, North Branford 187 

St. Peter's, Northbury 139, 140, 175 

St. John's, Northford 184 

Trinity, Northfield . . . , 178 

St. John's, North Guilford 79, 130, 134, 146, 169, 178 

St. John's, North Haven 23, 134, 146 

St. Paul's, Norwalk . . * ^24, 58, 144, 157, 159 

Christ, Norwich 141, 156 

St. Peter's, Oxford 134, 140 

St. Peter's, Plymouth 81, 112 

Trinity, Portland 141 

Christ, Quaker Farms 134, 153 

Christ, Redding 169 

St. Stephen's, Ridgefield 152 

Christ, Roxbury 175 

St. Michael's, Salem 140, 164 

St. John's, Salisbury 51, 53 

Trinity, Seymour 147 

Union, Seymour 147 

St. Andrew's, Simsbury 157, 178 

St. John's, Stamford 58, 134, 136, 157, 158, 195 

Christ, Stratford 40, 48, 130, 131, 134, 135, 142, 

155, 177, 178, 195 

Christ, Tashua 134, 142 

St. Paul's, Wallingford 59, 134, 184 

Christ, West Haven 53, 125, 182 

Christ, Wethersfield 54 

St. Paul's, Woodbury 131, 164, 175 

England — Royal Chapel of St. James, Westminster 125, 126, 128 

Parish Church of St. James, Westminster 125, 126, 128 

Maryland — St. John's, Baltimore 145 

Massachusetts — King's Chapel, Boston 7, 154 

Trinity, Boston 10, 23 

Christ, Cambridge 154 

St. Paul's, Dedham 9 

St. James, Great Barrington 128, 150, 177 

St. Luke's, Lanesborough 174 

Trinity, Lenox 128 

— 205— 

Massachusetts — St. Paul's, Newburyport 25 

St. Peter's, Salem 179 

New York — St. Peter's, Albany 158, 169 

St. Ann's, Brooklyn 129, 144 

Trinity, Fishkill 142 

St. George's, Flushing 143 

St. George's, Hempstead 167 

Christ, Hudson 128 

Grace, Jamaica 123, 129, 176 

Christ, Manhansett 167 

St. James's, Newtown 143 

Christ, Poughkeepsie 142 

Christ, Rye 5, 159 

Grace, Rye 141 

Caroline, Setauket 176 

St. Andrew's, Staten Island 123 

St. Paul's, Troy 169 

St. George's Chapel, New York City 169 

Trinity, New York City 11, 129, 158, 167, 184, 188 

St. Peter's, Westchester 123 

New Jersey — Trinity, Newark 158 

Christ, New Brunswick 123 

St. Peter's, Perth Amboy "... 158 

Pennsylvania — Christ, Philadelphia 26, 160 

Rhode Island — King's Chapel, Providence 142 

St. Michael's, Bristol 143, 179 

Trinity, Newport 129 

Scotland — Bishop Skinner's Chapel, Long Acre, Aberdeen .... 124 

Churchman, The 192 

Churchman's Magazine, The 11, 61, 62, 63, 75, 76, 77, 101, 107, 

108, 158, 185, 186, 192 

Church, Horace 183 

Claggett, the Rt. Rev. Thomas J., D.D 75, 126, 189 

Claremont, N. H 148 

Clarke, the Rev. Abraham L., 

sketch of 142, 143 

mentioned 33, 34, 38, 40, 41, 42, 48, 141, 157 

the Rev. Peter G 96, 100, 103, 106, 112, 114 

the Rev. Richard S 134, 145, 169 

the Rev. William 9 

Clark, Ebenezer 183 

James 59 

the Rev. Joseph P 114 

Thaddeus 182 

Coit, the Rev. Thomas W., D.D., LL.D 118 

Cokesbury College 144 

Colchester, Conn 141 

— 206 

Coleman, Dr. Xoah 42 

College of Philadelphia 129 

Columbia College, New York Cits 144, 165 

Columbia Count}-, X. Y 128 

Commissary requested 7 

Concordate with the Bishops in Scotland 17 

Connecticut, Diocese of, see Diocese of Connecticut, 

Church Documents 6, 7, 16, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28 

General Assembly of 172, 190 

State Capitol of 191 

mentioned 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 20, 160, 162, 163 

Connecticut Courant, The 7, 8, 183 

Connecticut Journal, The 39.- 166 


term denned as used in England 12 

powers and duties in England 13 

Convocation of the Clergy of Connecticut 12 

convoked by the Bishop 12 

powers and duties 13 

list of early meetings 3° 

Records of 33- x 20 

mentioned, see Records of Convocation. 
Action of, on 

Constitution and Canons of the American Church 34, 35 

Prayer Book of 1789 37,39 

College of Doctors 37. 39 

Articles of Religion 43. 53 

Candidates for Holy Orders 38 

Office of Induction 54 

Requirements for election of a Bishop 88, 89, 90, 91 

est; ent . of a College 99 

proposed Society for decayed Clergymen 96, 97 

proposed Society for relief of the widows and 

orphans of Clergymen 105, in, 114. 190 

Sunday Schools 107, 109, 1 19 

Christian Knowledge Society 105, 112, 116, 117, 119 

proposed new Church periodical 108 

mentioned 135. *37 

Cooper, James Fenimore 15° 

the Rev. Myles, LL.D 155 

Cornwall, the Rev. Asa 64, 74, 75. 76, 77, 80, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 

92, 93, 96, 97, 99, 100, 102, 106, 112 

Cossit, the Rev. Ranna 148 

Cranson [Cranston], the Rev. William 94 

Croswell, the Rev. Harry', D.D 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 

103, 106, 108, in, 112, 114, 
115, 116, 118, 119, 191 

Cruse, the Rev. Christian F 112 

Cushman, Elisha 191 

— 20/ — 


Danbury, Conn 40, 48, 49, 59, 153, 184 

Dartmouth College 141 

Davies, the Rev. Thomas 127, 134 

Dedham, Mass 9 

Degrees in Divinity 165 

Deism 19 

DeLancey, Col. Oliver 129 

Dexter, Professor Franklin B 17 

Dibblee, the Rev. Ebenezer, D.D 37, 41, 165 

Digby, Admiral 124 

Digby, Nova Scotia 157, i~8 

Diocese of Connecticut, 

Bishop's Fund of 172 

Candidates for Orders in 71 

Constitution of 45 

Article Til of Constitution of 189 

Standing Committee of 51, 133, 146, 165, 184, 190 

Trustees for receiving Donations 172 

mentioned 38 

Diocese of New Hampshire 168 

Diocese of New Jersey 158 

Diocese of New York, 

Aged and Infirm Clergy Fund of 176 

Office of Induction in 182 

Standing Committee of 1S4 

Doane, the Rt. Rev. George \V., D.D 100, 103, 106, 190, 195. 196 

Doctors, College of 37, 39 

Documentary History of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 

Connecticut 6 

Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society 192 

Dudley, Joshua 60 

Duncan, the Rev. * 64 

Durham, Conn 1S4 


Eastburn, the Rt. Rev. Manton, D.D 179 

Eastern Churches 161 

East Haddam, Conn 40 

East Haven, Conn 184 

Edinburgh, Scotland 123 

Ellison, the Rev. Thomas 169 

England T 54- T 58, 160 

Church of 5- 35- 36, 154 

Episcopal Academy, Cheshire, Conn. 

discussion of 1 10 

1 This entry on the "Records" is evidently a mistake of the Secretary and should 
be: Blackburn, the Rev. John Lynn. 

— 208— 

Episcopal Academy, Cheshire, Conn. 

petition to erect into a college 84 

inquiry requested 98 

mentioned 25, 41, 51, 62, 112, 127, 135, 138, 185 

Episcopal Watchman, The 196 

Exeter, Conn 42 

England ^5, 126 


Fairfax, the Rev. Bryan 142 

Fairfield, Conn 6, 7, 8, 130, 131 

County i$2 

Fanning, Col. Edmund 124, 158, 160 

Ferguson, the Rev. Colin, D.D 132 

First Ecclesiastical Society, Litchfield, Conn 151 

Fishkill, N. Y I2 9 

Florida !44 

Fogg, the Rev. Daniel, 

sketch of 154, 155 

mentioned I0 , 35, 55, 173 

the Rev. Jeremiah 154 

Foote, the Rev. David, 

sketch of 141, 142 

mentioned 23, 33, 34, 41, 164 

Nathaniel 141 

Fredericksburgh Precinct 129 

French and Indian War 183 

Fulham, London, England, 

Chapel 150 

Palace 123 

Fundamental Principles 19 


Garfield, the Rev. John M 99, 103, 106 

Gear, [Geer], the Rev. Alpheus 92, 94, 96, 97, 100, 103, 112, 114, 118 

General Convention, the, 

Adjourned session, 1789 160 

Amendment of Constitution 161 

Assent of the New England deputies 162 

Canon VI, 1789 38, 166 

Constitution and Canons of 34, 186 

Digest of Canons, 1901 166 

House of Bishops formed 162 

mentioned 68, 69, 73 

Office of Induction , 182 

Office of Institution 182 

mentioned 19, 24, 26, 27, 38, 40, 67, 135, 137, 

144, 146, 175, 176 

— 209 — 

General Education Society no 

General Sunday School Union no 

Gibson, the Rt. Rev. Edmund, D.D 7 

Gilbert, the Rev. Sturgis 81, 88, 90, 92, 95, 96, 101, 102, 103 

de la Portree 165 

Granby, Conn 158 

Great Barrington, Mass 47, I2 7 

Great Hill, Conn 148 

Green, T. and T 42 

the Rev. William 49, 50, 51 

Greenwich, Conn 6 

Gregson, William 6 

Glebe 6 

Griswold, the Rt. Rev. Alexander Viets, D.D., 

sketch of 178, 179 

consecration of T 79 

Presiding Bishop '. 179 

mentioned 46, 48, 49, 50, 53, 55. 56, 57, 58, 60, 

76, 158, 177, 195 

Elisha 178 

Eunice (Viets) 178 

the Rev. Samuel 60, 61, 64 

Guilbert, the Rev. Edmund, D.D., 

Annals of an Old Parish 132 

Guilford, Conn 78, 94, 124, 155, 187 

Gunn, Jobannah 164 


Hall, Prof. Frederick 191 

Hall and Sellers 163, 170 

Hallam, the Rev. Robert A., D.D., 

Annals of St. James's Church, New London 150, 176 

Hammell, the Rev. William 143 

Hanmer, and Co 191 

Harison, Hon. Richard 161 

Hart, the Rev. Seth, 

sketch of 167 

mentioned 40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 54, 57, 164 

the Rev. Samuel, D.D., D.C.L., 

The Seabury Centenary 10 

The Election of Bishop Seabury 10 

Convention Sermon, 1896 10 

Bishop Seabury s Communion Office 14, 180 

Report of the Custodian of the Standard Prayer 

Book, 1898 171 

Hartford, Conn 55, 84, 100, no, 116, 126, 189, 191, 193, 196 

Hartland, Vt 168 

Harvard College 143, 154 

University 179 


Harwinton, Conn 49, 168, 178 

Harwood, the Rev. Edwin, D.D., 

The Beginning of the Episcopal Church in New 

Haven 6 

Hawks, the Rev. Francis L., D.D 6 

Hawley, Isaac 65, 66 

Heath, the Rev. Levi 144 

Hebron, Conn 7, 42, 45, 46, 48, 141, 148 

Hempstead, N. Y 123 

Henry III, of England 165 

VIII, of England 165 

Herron, Wm 172 

Herschel, Mr 42 

Hickok, Prof. Horatio 191 

Hilliar [Hilliard], the Rev. Timothy 64 

Hoadley, George E 7 

Hobart, the Rt. Rev. John Henry, D.D 65, 75, 94, 140, 147, 167, 

179, 186, 188, 190 

Holcomb, the Rev. Frederick, D.D 85, 86, 88, 90, 91, 92, 95, 96, 

97, 98, 100, 103, 106, 112, 118 

the Rev. Origen P., D.D 96, 97, 99, 103, 118 

Holly [Hawley], Isaac 66 

Holmes, the Rev. Abiel, D.D 17 

Hopkinson, Hon. Francis 27 

Hopkinston, Mass. ? 7 

Horse Neck, Conn 6 

Howell, the Rev. Orson V 106 

Hubbard, the Rev. Bela, D.D., 

sketch of 124, 125 

mentioned 7, 8, 9, 12, 29, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 

42, 43, 49, 50, Si, 52, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 
61, 62, 64, 65, 70, 71, 75, 77, 80, 81, 82, 
83, 84, 146, 155, 160, 162, 165, 172, 173 

Daniel 124 

Diana (Ward) 124 

the Rev. Reuben 81, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 95 

Hudson River 151 

Hull, the Rev. Ambrose, 

sketch of 143, 144 

mentioned 33, 34, 38, "8, 142, 157 

the Rev. Lemuel B 100, 103, 106, 112, 114, 115 

Humphrey, the Rev. Aaron 92, 94, 95 

the Rev. Prof. Hector, D.D .103, 106, 112, 114, 115, 191 


Humphry [Humphrey], the Rev. Aaron 91 

Huntington, Conn 42 

Long Island, N. Y 123 

the Hon. Samuel 18 

Huse, the Rev. Nathaniel 85, 90, 92 

— 211 


Imlay, William 183 

Ingersoll, the Hon. Jonathan 39. 4 1 . : 72 

Ives, the Rev. Edward J 100, 102, 103 

the Rev. Reuben, 

sketch of 137-139 

mentioned 33, 34, 38, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 

50, si, 52, 53, 57, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 7i» 
72, 74, 78, 79, 84, 86, 89, 92, 93, 96, 97, 
99, 103, 112, 135, 146 
Zachariah 137 


Jarvis, the Right Rev. Abraham, D.D., 

sketch of 125-127 

mentioned 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 17, 29, 33, 37, 41, 

43, 44, 46, 50, 52, S3, 54, 55, 56, 57, 
58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 69, 
7i, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 80, 82, 84, 
91, 124, 149, 160, 162, 165, 177, 184, 
186, 195 

Registry of Ordinations 187 

Naomi (Brush) 125 

Capt. Samuel 125 

the Rev. Samuel Farmar, D.D 81, 118, 127 

A Voice from Connecticut . .'. 163 

the Rev. William 100, 103, 106, 1 12, 1 14, 1 18 

John, King of England 165 

Johnson, the Rev. Samuel, D.D 6, 7, 124, 125, 144, 152, 155 

Hon. Samuel William 172, 191 

Capt. Timothy 78 

the Rev. 1 18 

Jones, the Rev. Cave 188 

the Rev. Isaac, D.D 85, 86, 90, 92, 94, 96, 102, 103, 106, 145 

the Rev. Jasper D 53, 55, 57, 90, 92, 95, 97 

Judah, the Rev. Henry R 99, 103 

Judd, the Rev. Bethel, D.D 53, 55, 77, 83, 84, 86, 88, 89, 90, 

91, 92, 103, 105, 118, 119 
the Rev. Jonathan 72, 86, 89, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96 


Keeler, the Rev. James no, 112 

Kemp, the Rt. Rev. James, D.D 196 

Kensington, N. H 154 

Keppel, the Rt. Rev. Frederick, D. D 125, 126 

Kewley, the Rev. John, M.D 77, 78 

Kilbourn, the Rev. James 57, 144 

— 212 — 

Kilgour, the Rt. Rev. Robert, D.D 124 

Killingworth, Conn 169 

King, the Rev. 46 

King's College, N. Y 124, 155, 158 

Kingston, N. B 

Kirby, Col. Ephraim 172, 184 

Kneeland, the Rev. Ebenezer 8 


Lambeth degree 165 

England 26 

Landaff [Llandaff ] , Bishop of, thanked 50 

Lanesborough, Mass 44. I2 8, 174 

Lansingburgh, N. Y 170 

Lawson [Lamson], the Rev. Joseph 152 

Lay Delegates, Convention of 25 

Leaming, the Rev. Jeremiah, D.D 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 21, 24, 

52, 130, 135, 143, 146 

Lebanon, Conn 42 

Lebanon Springs, N. Y 174 

Leeds, Carey 65, 66, 67, 70 

Lenox, Mass 174 

Litchfield, Conn 33, 61, 125, 133, 134, 145, 187 

London, England 155 

Bishop of 5, 123, 154, 155 

Long Acre, Aberdeen, Scotland 124 

Long Island 123 

Sound 169 

Louisiana 193 

Lucas, the Rev. William 145 

Lyttleton, the Rt. Rev. Charles, D.D 125, 126 


Macdonough, Commodore Thomas 191 

Magaw, the Rev. Samuel, D.D 27 

Malbone, Evan 172 

Col. Godfrey 154, 156 

Manchester, the Rev. Dr. L. C 171 

Mansfield, the Rev. Richard, D.D 7, 17, 21, 34, 37, 38, 39, 4i, 

42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 52, 
53, 54, 57, 58, 59, 60, 72, 80, 
84, 90, 92, 96, 97, 98, 102, 
103, 106, 118, 119, 146, 147, 
148, 149, 165, 168, 173, 175, 
184, 185 

Markham, the Most Rev. William, D.D 10 

Marlborough, Conn I4 1 


Marsh, David 65 

the Rev. Truman, 

sketch of 144, 146 

mentioned 33, 34, 39, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 51, 

55, 56, 58, 61, 64, 72, 74, 75, 78, 80, 
84, 90, 92, 96, 97, 98, 102, 103, 106, 
118, 119, 145, 151, 179 

Marshall, the Rev. John Rutgers 10, 164 

R- B 38 

Maryland 132 

Massachusetts, 7, 9, 160, 162, 163 

Mason, the Rev. Henry M., D.D 100 

McCracken, John 183 

McDonald, the Rev. Daniel, D.D 85, 86, 87, 88 

McGarvey, the Rev. William, 

Liturgiae Americanae 163 

Merriam, the Rev. Clement 61, 62, 64, 71 

Meriden, Conn 134 

Merwin, Samuel 191 

Middletown, Conn 11, 12, 14, 43, 64, 100, 114, 115, 125, 126, 161 

Middle Haddam, Conn 141 

Miles, the Rev. Smith, 

sketch of 177, 178 

mentioned 45, 46, 48, 49, 51, 64, 81, 84, 86, 88, 92, 

93, 95, 96, 97, 149, 184 

Mohawk Indians 158 

Moore, the Rt. Rev. Benjamin, D.D ; . .11, 13, 14, 28, 68, 69, 75, 161 

the Most Rev. John, D.D 10 

the Rt. Rev. Richard C, D.D 159 

the Rev. Wm. H., D.D., 

History of St George's Church, Hempstead, Long 

Island 167 

Morris, Conn 144 

Morgan, John 84, 172, 183 

J. Pierpont 171 

Munday, widow Sarah 65 

Muirson, the Rev. George 159 

Munsey, George Burnham, 

Journals of the first twenty-eight Conventions of 

the Diocese of New Hampshire 168 


Narragansett, R. 1 176 

Nash, the Rev. Daniel 150 

Newark, N. J 158 

New Brunswick, N. J 139 

Newburgh, N. Y 129 

— 214 — 

Newburyport, Mass 154 

New Concord, N. Y 128 

New Hampshire, Diocese of 14, 25, 160, 168 

New Haven, Conn 6, 8, 14, 16, 29, 40, 41, 42, 50, 62, 82, 87, 

88, 93, 98, 100, 106, 116, 124, 135, 194 

New Lisbon, N. Y 150 

New London, Conn 6, 7, 10, 14, 22; 54, 139, 156, 175, 176, 195 

New Milford, Conn 7, 44, 127, 144 

New Orleans, La 193 

New Preston, Conn 145 

Newport, R. 1 124, 142 

Newton, the Rev. Christopher 8, 131, 142 

Newtown, Conn 6, 34, 54, 72, 105, 118, 136, 137, 146, 177 

New York 5, 6, 9, 21, 78, 124, 156, 175, 186, 192 

City of 124, 175, 186, 192 

Diocese of 176, 182, 184 

Nichols, the Rev. James 134, *68 

the Hon. Philip 41 

Nisbett, the Rev. Samuel, M.D 23, 143 

Noble, the Rev. Birdsey G 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 103, 104, 105, 

106, 108, 109, no, 118, 119, 191 

Nobles [Noble], the Rev. Birdsey G 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 94 

Nobletown, N. Y 128 

North Bristol, Conn 187 

North Carolina 154 

Northfield, Conn 178 

Northford, Conn 184 

North Groton, Conn 6 

North Guilford, Conn 125, 187 

North Haven, Conn 23, 138, 143, 146, 149 

North Killing-worth, Conn 187 

North Oxford, Conn 140 

Norwalk, Conn 8, 77, no, 144, 169 

Academy m 

Norwich, Conn 8, 75, 141, 156, 157 

Notitia Parochialis 4 1 

Nova Scotia 124, 138 


Office of Induction 54, J 82 

Ogden, the Rev. Uzal, D.D 158, 162 

Ogilvie, Catharine (Symes) !58 

the Rev. George, 

sketch of 158,159 

mentioned 35, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49 

the Rev. John, D.D 158 

Ohio 144 

River 193 


Old French War 128 

Oliver, the Rev. Thomas F Vj 

Onderdonk, the Rt. Rev. Benjamin T., D.D 150 

Osbaldiston, the Rt. Rev. Richard, D.D 123, 125, 126 

Otsego County, N. Y 150 

Oxford, Conn 175 

Oyster River, Conn 5 2 


Paddock, the Rev. Seth B 103 

Palmer, the Rev. Solomon 127, 134 

Pardee, the Rev. Amos 59. 61 

Parker, the Rt. Rev. Samuel, D.D 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 21, 23, 25, 

26, 68, 160, 162 

Pauquatannok [Poquetanuck], Conn 46 

Peekskill, N. Y 129 

Pennsylvania 20, 26, 163 

Perkins, Elias 191 

Perry, the Rev. David, M.D., 

sketch of * 152, 153 

mentioned 34, 40, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49 

Grace (Sturgis) 152 

Joseph, M.D 135 

the Rev. Joseph 57, 90, 94, 96, 99, 106 

Micah 152 

the Rev. Philo, 

sketch of 135, 137 

mentioned 33, 34. 37, 38, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 

49, 50, 51, 174, 184 

Richard 152 

Ruth (Preston) 135 

the Rt. Rev. William S., D.D., LL.D 6 

Historical Notes and Documents 16 

Peter Lombard I0 5 

Peters, John Thompson l 9 l 

Hon. John S 191 

the Rev. Samuel, LL.D 141, 148, 168 

Petrie, the Rt. Rev. Arthur, D.D 124 

Philadelphia, Penn 26, 28, 51, 52, 145, 193 

Phoebus, John H ll 5 

Chants adapted to the Service of the Protestant 

Episcopal Church i I 5, J 94 

Pittsburgh, Penna x 93 

Plainfield, N. H J 68 

Plumb, the Rev. Elijah G 76, 77, 79, 86, 88, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95 

Plymouth, Conn 80, 81, 131, 139 

Pomfret, Conn J 55, J 56 

Potter, the Rt. Rev. Horatio, D.D., D.C.L 106, 112, 114 

William T • "8 


— 2l6 — 
POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y 129, 175 

Prayer Book, the, 

English 15 

American 19 

Proposed Book 19, 162 

Changes proposed 14, 15, 20, 162, 163 

Changes adopted 163 

Use of 39 

First edition of 162 

Early editions of 171 

Connecticut edition proposed 42, 161 

editions issued 171 

Prindle, Anna (Scovill) 139 

the Rev. Chauncey, 

sketch of 139, 141 

mentioned 33, 34, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 

48, 49, 50, si, 52, S3, 55, 57, 58, 59, 
61, 62, 64, 65, 71, 72, 74, 80, 81, 84, 
86, 88, 90, 92, 93, 96, 118, 137, 146, 
164, 167 

Eleazar 139 

Propagation Society, the venerable 5, 6, 123, 125, 126, 127, 128, 

130, 139, 156 

Protestant Episcopal Press, the 192 

Providence, R. 1 142 

Provoost, the Rt. Rev. Samuel, D.D 11, 20, 21, 127. 159, 162, 184 

Price, the Rev. Roger 7 

Pyne, the Rev. Smith, D.D 114, 115 

Punderson, the Rev. Ebenezer 124 

Purdee [Pardee], the Rev. Amos 48 


Rattoone, the Rev. Elijah D., D.D 144 

Rayner, the Rev. Menzies 77, 78, 81, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 

95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 102, 105, 183, 185 

Reading [Redding], Conn 40, 48, 49, 144 

Records of Convocation, 

mentioned 3, 123, 124, 127, 153, 165, 167, 175, 177, 178 

Redding Ridge, Conn 9, 136 

Revolution, the American 5, 9, 123, 125, 130, 154, 157, 175, 183 

Reyner [Rayner], the Rev. Menzies ... .56, 57, 61, 62, 63, 64, 71, 72, 75, 76 

Rhode Island 12, 14 

Church in 52 

Richmond, the Rev. Wm 193 

Ridgefield, Conn 40, 49, 152, 153 

Ripton, Conn 8, 131 

Rochester, N. Y 135 

— 217 — 

Rogers, the Rev. Ammi 56, 57, 59, 65, 66, 67, 73, 75, 127 

suspension of with sentence 62, 63 

degradation of 63 

petition of 93 

mentioned 149, 150, 183, 184, 185, 186 

the Rev. Evan 55, 57, 65, 77 

Rossiter, the Rev. Rodney 96, 97, 100, 103, 112, 114 

Roxbury, Conn 145 

Mass 124, 125 

Royal American Regiment 124, 158, 160 

Rudd, the Rev. John C, D.D 91, 192 

Rutledge, the Rev. Edward 106, 108, 1 1 1 

Rye, N. Y 5,65 


Salem, Conn 37, 167 

Mass 25 

Salisbury, Conn 47 

Sandersfield [Sandisfield], Mass 47 

Sandgate, Vt 168 

Sanford, Thomas 183 

Saybrook 125 

Platform 6 

Sayre, the Rev. James, 

sketch of 129, 131 

protest of 35, 36 

Inhibition of 45, 177 

mentioned 33, 34, 164 

the Rev. John 129 

Scotland 21, 123, 124, 129 

Scovill, the Rev. James 8, 131, 139, 164 

Seabury, Abigail (Mumford) 123 

the Rev. Charles, 

sketch of 175, 176 

mentioned 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 53, 56, 58, 64, 

7i, 75, 79, 84, 86, 88 

Mary (Hicks) 175 

the Rev. Samuel 123, 126, 167, 176 

the Rt. Rev. Samuel, D.D., 

sketch of 123, 124 

Consecration of 11 

first ordination of 12 

first charge of 12 

second charge of 19 

mitre of 23 

burial of 156 

The Communion Office 18 

Collects for Courts of Justice 49, 180, 181 

— 2l8— 

Seabury, Registry of Ordinations 152, 167, 169, 177 

Letters of a Westchester Farmer 123 

mentioned 3, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 

21, 22, 23, 25, 33, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 
41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 52, 129, 
130, 132, 134, 136, 137, 139, 141, x 42, 
143, 145, 152, 153, 157, 160, 161, 162, 
165, 168, 169, 174, 175, 177 

the Rev. Samuel, D.D 176 

the Rev. William J., D.D., 

The Election in Order to Consecration of the First 

Bishop of Connecticut 10 

mentioned 176, 180, 181 

Searle, the Rev. Roger 64, 71, 72, 80, 81, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 

89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 142 

Service, form of, during the Revolution 9 

Setauket, Long Island 176 

Seymour, Conn 147 

Shelton, Daniel 131 

the Rev. George 106 

Hamilton 132 

the Rev. Philo, 

sketch of I3I-I33 

mentioned 17, 33, 34, 38, 40, 41. 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 

49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 
60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 70, 71, 72, 74, 
75, 77, 79, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 
89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 99, 100, 139, 153 

Mrs. Philo 104, 133 

Samuel 13 1 

the Rev. William, D.D 106, 131 

Sherlock, the Rt. Rev. Thomas, D.D 123 

Sherman, Conn 173 

Sherwood, John 132 

the Rev. Reuben, D.D 92, 94, 95, 96, 99, 100, 103, 

106, in, 114 

Shipman, Elias 172 

Sigourney, Charles 99 

Simsbury, Conn 8, 178 

Skinner, the Rt. Rev. John, D.D 21, 23, 124 

Slafter, the Rev. Edmund F., D.D 9 

Smith, the Rev. Charles 95, 96, 97 

Hon. Nathan 99 

the Rt. Rev. Robert, D.D 126, 160, 161 

the Rev. William, D.D 20, 23, 26, 27, 28, 161 

the Rev. William, D.D., of Connecticut 51, 52, 53, 54, 58, 60, 

62, 63, 64, 71, 86, 88, 
9h 92, 93, 126 

— 219 — 

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
See Propagation Society. 

Somaster's Library 87, 107, 188 

Somers, the Rev. Daniel 96, 102 

South Carolina !44 

Southington, Conn T 34 

Spraggs, the Rev. Samuel 17 

Sprague, the Rev. Wm. B., D.D., 

Annals of the American Pulpit, V 7, 170, 175 

Stamford, Conn 6, 22, 65, 66, in 

Standing Order 6, 123, 141, 155, 169 

Starr, Jonathan I7 2 

State Prayers I4> x 7 

Steele, the Rev. Ashbel 114 

Stevens, the Rev. C. Ellis, LL.D., D.C.L., 

The Genesis of the American Prayer Book 163 

Stiles, the Rev. Ezra, D.D. 

The Literary Diary 17 

St. John, New Brunswick 130, 151 

Stone, the Rev. Benjamin W 146 

the Rev. John S., D.D 145 

Memoir of the Rt. Rev. Alexander Viets Griszvold, D.D. 179 

Stratfield [Bridgeport], Conn 28, 40, 132 

Stratford, Conn 6, 7, 30, 48, 86, 11 1, 130, 135, 195 

Strebeck, the Rev. George 77 

Sydney, Cape Breton 148 


Talmage, Captain Amzi 80 

Terrick, the Rt. Rev. Richard, D.D 128, 154, 156 

Thomas, the Rt. Rev. John, D.D 123 

Thorpe, Sheldon B., 

Annals of North Haven 149 

Todd, the Rev. Ambrose, 

sketch of 157, 158 

mentioned 35, 38, 41, 42, 45, 46, 49, 50, 53, 57, 58, 60, 

62, 64, 65, 66, 70, 77, 96, 97, 100, 118, 139, 
142, 144, 149, 172, 178, 184 

the Rev. Ambrose Seymour, D.D 96, 97, 100, 158, 195 

the Rev. Charles Jarvis 158 

Tood [Todd], the Rev. Ambrose 57 

Townsend, the Rev. Epenetus 152 

Tracy, John 75 

Trinity College, Hartford, Conn 23 

See Washington College. 

Troy, N. Y ,. . ^ 

Trumbull, the Rev. Benjamin, D.D 146 

John 157 

Tryon, General William 131 

Turkey Hills [in Simsbury], Conn 8 

Twiss, Sir Travers, D.C.L 12 

Tyler, the Rev. John, 

sketch of 155, 157 

mentioned 35, 38, 42, 43, 48, 50, 55, 56, 61, 71, 74, 

141, 149, ISO, 184, 190 

The Blessing of Peace 156, 157 

John 155 

Mary (Doolittle) 155 


United British Empire 160 

University, Brown ' 179 

Cambridge, England 165 

Harvard 179 

Oxford, England 124, 165 

Paris, France 165 

Princeton 179 

Usher, the Rev. John 143 

the Rev. John, Jr 143 

Van Dyck, the Rev. Henry 132, 142, 143 

Van Dyke [Van Dyck], the Rev. Henry 17 

Vermont 9, 128, 148, 168 

Diocese of 168 

Vergennes, Vt 175 

Viets, the Rev. Roger 8, 21, 157, 158, 178 


Wainwright, the Rt. Rev. Jonathan M., D.D 95, 195 

Walden, N. Y 129 

Wallingford, Conn 8, 10, 20, 138, 156, 184 

Walter, the Rev. William, D.D 124, 125 

Ward, the Rev. John 76 

Warner [Warren], the Rev. Joseph 56, 57 

the Rev. Ransom 103, 114 

Warren, Eliakim 169 

the Rev. Joseph 59, H9, 184 

Waterbury, Conn 37, 96, 131, 139 

' Waterbury, David 65 

Waterford, N. Y 170 

Watertown, Conn 37, 4°, 74, I3i» l 39 

Watkinson, David ! 9 l 

Watson, the Rev. William, D.D 116 

Washington, Conn 133 

— 221 — 

Washington College, Hartford, 

proposed 99 

mentioned 115, 170, 175, 195 

chartered 191 

Name changed to Trinity College 191 

See Trinity College. 

Washington College, Maryland 23, 26 

Wells, the Rev. E. M. P., D.D 118 

the Rev. Noah 125 

Welton, the Rev. Alanson 94 

the Rev. Joseph D 80, 81, 82, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96 

Mrs. Joseph D. . ? 105 

Westchester, N. Y 123, 175 

West Haven, Conn 6 

Weston, Conn 132 

Wethersfield, Conn 167 

Wetmore, the Rev. James 6, 152 

Wheaton, the Rev. Nathaniel S., D.D 96, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 108, 

in, 112, 114, us, 191 

the Rev. Salmon, D.D 77 

Wheeler, the Rev. Russell 64, 65, 71, 72, 74, 75, 78, 79, 80, 

81, 82, 84, 86, 88 

Wheelock, the Rev. Eleazar, D.D 141 

White, the Rev. Calvin 53, 62, 65, 71, 77, 80, 86, 88, 89, 91, 95 

the Rt. Rev. William, D.D 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 

68, 69, 72, 75, 127, 129, 144, 145 

Memoirs of the Church 160 

Whitestown, N. Y 140 

Whiting, Calvin 183 

Whitlock, the Rev. Henry 57, 60, 61, 64, 65, 71, 75, 77, 78, 81, 

82, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89 

Wilkins, the Rev. Isaac, D.D 123 

Williams, Israel 42 

the Rt. Rev. John, D.D., LL.D 3, 10, 18, 147 

Men for the Times 10 

The Wise Ruler 18 

deWood, Antony 165 

Woodbury, Conn 10, 37, 45, 46, 89, 101, 131, 134, 155 

Wooster, Hon. John 41 

Worthington [New Britain], Conn 167 


Yale College 124, 125, 127, 131, 133, 135, 137, 146, 148, 

155, 157, 165, 167, 177 

York, Archbishop of 10, 12 

Young, Ebenezer 191 


Zoar, Conn 175 


The Reader is asked to make these Corrections. 

Page 142. Stratford for Stamford. 

152.' Lamson for Lawson. 

157. Hull for Hall. 

179. 1836 for 1830. 

182. 1808 for 1868. 

184. Miles for Mills. 

186. 1805 for 1808. 

191. 1845 for 1848. 

195. Convocation for Convention. 


AA 000 282 292 2 



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